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authorChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>2020-09-25 06:51:40 +0200
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2020-10-03 00:01:56 -0400
commitbfdc59701d6d100c99c3b987bcffd1c204e393c8 (patch)
treea88294580eba288886916d767713789aa06507f2
parentfb041b598997d63c0f7d7305dfae70046bf66fe1 (diff)
iov_iter: refactor rw_copy_check_uvector and import_iovec
Split rw_copy_check_uvector into two new helpers with more sensible calling conventions: - iovec_from_user copies a iovec from userspace either into the provided stack buffer if it fits, or allocates a new buffer for it. Returns the actually used iovec. It also verifies that iov_len does fit a signed type, and handles compat iovecs if the compat flag is set. - __import_iovec consolidates the native and compat versions of import_iovec. It calls iovec_from_user, then validates each iovec actually points to user addresses, and ensures the total length doesn't overflow. This has two major implications: - the access_process_vm case loses the total lenght checking, which wasn't required anyway, given that each call receives two iovecs for the local and remote side of the operation, and it verifies the total length on the local side already. - instead of a single loop there now are two loops over the iovecs. Given that the iovecs are cache hot this doesn't make a major difference Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/compat.h16
-rw-r--r--include/linux/fs.h13
-rw-r--r--include/linux/uio.h12
-rw-r--r--lib/iov_iter.c300
-rw-r--r--mm/process_vm_access.c34
5 files changed, 143 insertions, 232 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/compat.h b/include/linux/compat.h
index 790be5ffc12c..cebcaac68aec 100644
--- a/include/linux/compat.h
+++ b/include/linux/compat.h
@@ -91,6 +91,11 @@
static inline long __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__))
#endif /* COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx */
+struct compat_iovec {
+ compat_uptr_t iov_base;
+ compat_size_t iov_len;
+};
+
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
#ifndef compat_user_stack_pointer
@@ -248,11 +253,6 @@ typedef struct compat_siginfo {
} _sifields;
} compat_siginfo_t;
-struct compat_iovec {
- compat_uptr_t iov_base;
- compat_size_t iov_len;
-};
-
struct compat_rlimit {
compat_ulong_t rlim_cur;
compat_ulong_t rlim_max;
@@ -451,12 +451,6 @@ extern long compat_arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request,
struct epoll_event; /* fortunately, this one is fixed-layout */
-extern ssize_t compat_rw_copy_check_uvector(int type,
- const struct compat_iovec __user *uvector,
- unsigned long nr_segs,
- unsigned long fast_segs, struct iovec *fast_pointer,
- struct iovec **ret_pointer);
-
extern void __user *compat_alloc_user_space(unsigned long len);
int compat_restore_altstack(const compat_stack_t __user *uss);
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index e019ea2f1347..b9fdac75ba06 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -179,14 +179,6 @@ typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
#define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000)
/*
- * Flag for rw_copy_check_uvector and compat_rw_copy_check_uvector
- * that indicates that they should check the contents of the iovec are
- * valid, but not check the memory that the iovec elements
- * points too.
- */
-#define CHECK_IOVEC_ONLY -1
-
-/*
* Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what
* has been changed!
*/
@@ -1887,11 +1879,6 @@ static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma);
}
-ssize_t rw_copy_check_uvector(int type, const struct iovec __user * uvector,
- unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs,
- struct iovec *fast_pointer,
- struct iovec **ret_pointer);
-
extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t vfs_readv(struct file *, const struct iovec __user *,
diff --git a/include/linux/uio.h b/include/linux/uio.h
index 3835a8a8e9ea..92c11fe41c62 100644
--- a/include/linux/uio.h
+++ b/include/linux/uio.h
@@ -266,9 +266,15 @@ bool csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct
size_t hash_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *hashp,
struct iov_iter *i);
-ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user * uvector,
- unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs,
- struct iovec **iov, struct iov_iter *i);
+struct iovec *iovec_from_user(const struct iovec __user *uvector,
+ unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs,
+ struct iovec *fast_iov, bool compat);
+ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec,
+ unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp,
+ struct iov_iter *i);
+ssize_t __import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec,
+ unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp,
+ struct iov_iter *i, bool compat);
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
struct compat_iovec;
diff --git a/lib/iov_iter.c b/lib/iov_iter.c
index ccea9db3f72b..e6cb51da3424 100644
--- a/lib/iov_iter.c
+++ b/lib/iov_iter.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/splice.h>
+#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <net/checksum.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
#include <linux/instrumented.h>
@@ -1650,107 +1651,133 @@ const void *dup_iter(struct iov_iter *new, struct iov_iter *old, gfp_t flags)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dup_iter);
-/**
- * rw_copy_check_uvector() - Copy an array of &struct iovec from userspace
- * into the kernel and check that it is valid.
- *
- * @type: One of %CHECK_IOVEC_ONLY, %READ, or %WRITE.
- * @uvector: Pointer to the userspace array.
- * @nr_segs: Number of elements in userspace array.
- * @fast_segs: Number of elements in @fast_pointer.
- * @fast_pointer: Pointer to (usually small on-stack) kernel array.
- * @ret_pointer: (output parameter) Pointer to a variable that will point to
- * either @fast_pointer, a newly allocated kernel array, or NULL,
- * depending on which array was used.
- *
- * This function copies an array of &struct iovec of @nr_segs from
- * userspace into the kernel and checks that each element is valid (e.g.
- * it does not point to a kernel address or cause overflow by being too
- * large, etc.).
- *
- * As an optimization, the caller may provide a pointer to a small
- * on-stack array in @fast_pointer, typically %UIO_FASTIOV elements long
- * (the size of this array, or 0 if unused, should be given in @fast_segs).
- *
- * @ret_pointer will always point to the array that was used, so the
- * caller must take care not to call kfree() on it e.g. in case the
- * @fast_pointer array was used and it was allocated on the stack.
- *
- * Return: The total number of bytes covered by the iovec array on success
- * or a negative error code on error.
- */
-ssize_t rw_copy_check_uvector(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvector,
- unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs,
- struct iovec *fast_pointer, struct iovec **ret_pointer)
+static int copy_compat_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov,
+ const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs)
+{
+ const struct compat_iovec __user *uiov =
+ (const struct compat_iovec __user *)uvec;
+ int ret = -EFAULT, i;
+
+ if (!user_access_begin(uvec, nr_segs * sizeof(*uvec)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_segs; i++) {
+ compat_uptr_t buf;
+ compat_ssize_t len;
+
+ unsafe_get_user(len, &uiov[i].iov_len, uaccess_end);
+ unsafe_get_user(buf, &uiov[i].iov_base, uaccess_end);
+
+ /* check for compat_size_t not fitting in compat_ssize_t .. */
+ if (len < 0) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto uaccess_end;
+ }
+ iov[i].iov_base = compat_ptr(buf);
+ iov[i].iov_len = len;
+ }
+
+ ret = 0;
+uaccess_end:
+ user_access_end();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int copy_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov,
+ const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs)
{
unsigned long seg;
- ssize_t ret;
- struct iovec *iov = fast_pointer;
- /*
- * SuS says "The readv() function *may* fail if the iovcnt argument
- * was less than or equal to 0, or greater than {IOV_MAX}. Linux has
- * traditionally returned zero for zero segments, so...
- */
- if (nr_segs == 0) {
- ret = 0;
- goto out;
+ if (copy_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs * sizeof(*uvec)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) {
+ if ((ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
}
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct iovec *iovec_from_user(const struct iovec __user *uvec,
+ unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs,
+ struct iovec *fast_iov, bool compat)
+{
+ struct iovec *iov = fast_iov;
+ int ret;
+
/*
- * First get the "struct iovec" from user memory and
- * verify all the pointers
+ * SuS says "The readv() function *may* fail if the iovcnt argument was
+ * less than or equal to 0, or greater than {IOV_MAX}. Linux has
+ * traditionally returned zero for zero segments, so...
*/
- if (nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV) {
- ret = -EINVAL;
- goto out;
- }
+ if (nr_segs == 0)
+ return iov;
+ if (nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if (nr_segs > fast_segs) {
iov = kmalloc_array(nr_segs, sizeof(struct iovec), GFP_KERNEL);
- if (iov == NULL) {
- ret = -ENOMEM;
- goto out;
- }
+ if (!iov)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}
- if (copy_from_user(iov, uvector, nr_segs*sizeof(*uvector))) {
- ret = -EFAULT;
- goto out;
+
+ if (compat)
+ ret = copy_compat_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs);
+ else
+ ret = copy_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs);
+ if (ret) {
+ if (iov != fast_iov)
+ kfree(iov);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ return iov;
+}
+
+ssize_t __import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec,
+ unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp,
+ struct iov_iter *i, bool compat)
+{
+ ssize_t total_len = 0;
+ unsigned long seg;
+ struct iovec *iov;
+
+ iov = iovec_from_user(uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, *iovp, compat);
+ if (IS_ERR(iov)) {
+ *iovp = NULL;
+ return PTR_ERR(iov);
}
/*
- * According to the Single Unix Specification we should return EINVAL
- * if an element length is < 0 when cast to ssize_t or if the
- * total length would overflow the ssize_t return value of the
- * system call.
+ * According to the Single Unix Specification we should return EINVAL if
+ * an element length is < 0 when cast to ssize_t or if the total length
+ * would overflow the ssize_t return value of the system call.
*
* Linux caps all read/write calls to MAX_RW_COUNT, and avoids the
* overflow case.
*/
- ret = 0;
for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) {
- void __user *buf = iov[seg].iov_base;
ssize_t len = (ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len;
- /* see if we we're about to use an invalid len or if
- * it's about to overflow ssize_t */
- if (len < 0) {
- ret = -EINVAL;
- goto out;
+ if (!access_ok(iov[seg].iov_base, len)) {
+ if (iov != *iovp)
+ kfree(iov);
+ *iovp = NULL;
+ return -EFAULT;
}
- if (type >= 0
- && unlikely(!access_ok(buf, len))) {
- ret = -EFAULT;
- goto out;
- }
- if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT - ret) {
- len = MAX_RW_COUNT - ret;
+
+ if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len) {
+ len = MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len;
iov[seg].iov_len = len;
}
- ret += len;
+ total_len += len;
}
-out:
- *ret_pointer = iov;
- return ret;
+
+ iov_iter_init(i, type, iov, nr_segs, total_len);
+ if (iov == *iovp)
+ *iovp = NULL;
+ else
+ *iovp = iov;
+ return total_len;
}
/**
@@ -1759,10 +1786,10 @@ out:
* &struct iov_iter iterator to access it.
*
* @type: One of %READ or %WRITE.
- * @uvector: Pointer to the userspace array.
+ * @uvec: Pointer to the userspace array.
* @nr_segs: Number of elements in userspace array.
* @fast_segs: Number of elements in @iov.
- * @iov: (input and output parameter) Pointer to pointer to (usually small
+ * @iovp: (input and output parameter) Pointer to pointer to (usually small
* on-stack) kernel array.
* @i: Pointer to iterator that will be initialized on success.
*
@@ -1775,120 +1802,21 @@ out:
*
* Return: Negative error code on error, bytes imported on success
*/
-ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user * uvector,
+ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec,
unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs,
- struct iovec **iov, struct iov_iter *i)
+ struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i)
{
- ssize_t n;
- struct iovec *p;
- n = rw_copy_check_uvector(type, uvector, nr_segs, fast_segs,
- *iov, &p);
- if (n < 0) {
- if (p != *iov)
- kfree(p);
- *iov = NULL;
- return n;
- }
- iov_iter_init(i, type, p, nr_segs, n);
- *iov = p == *iov ? NULL : p;
- return n;
+ return __import_iovec(type, uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, iovp, i, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(import_iovec);
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
-#include <linux/compat.h>
-
-ssize_t compat_rw_copy_check_uvector(int type,
- const struct compat_iovec __user *uvector,
- unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs,
- struct iovec *fast_pointer, struct iovec **ret_pointer)
-{
- compat_ssize_t tot_len;
- struct iovec *iov = *ret_pointer = fast_pointer;
- ssize_t ret = 0;
- int seg;
-
- /*
- * SuS says "The readv() function *may* fail if the iovcnt argument
- * was less than or equal to 0, or greater than {IOV_MAX}. Linux has
- * traditionally returned zero for zero segments, so...
- */
- if (nr_segs == 0)
- goto out;
-
- ret = -EINVAL;
- if (nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV)
- goto out;
- if (nr_segs > fast_segs) {
- ret = -ENOMEM;
- iov = kmalloc_array(nr_segs, sizeof(struct iovec), GFP_KERNEL);
- if (iov == NULL)
- goto out;
- }
- *ret_pointer = iov;
-
- ret = -EFAULT;
- if (!access_ok(uvector, nr_segs*sizeof(*uvector)))
- goto out;
-
- /*
- * Single unix specification:
- * We should -EINVAL if an element length is not >= 0 and fitting an
- * ssize_t.
- *
- * In Linux, the total length is limited to MAX_RW_COUNT, there is
- * no overflow possibility.
- */
- tot_len = 0;
- ret = -EINVAL;
- for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) {
- compat_uptr_t buf;
- compat_ssize_t len;
-
- if (__get_user(len, &uvector->iov_len) ||
- __get_user(buf, &uvector->iov_base)) {
- ret = -EFAULT;
- goto out;
- }
- if (len < 0) /* size_t not fitting in compat_ssize_t .. */
- goto out;
- if (type >= 0 &&
- !access_ok(compat_ptr(buf), len)) {
- ret = -EFAULT;
- goto out;
- }
- if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT - tot_len)
- len = MAX_RW_COUNT - tot_len;
- tot_len += len;
- iov->iov_base = compat_ptr(buf);
- iov->iov_len = (compat_size_t) len;
- uvector++;
- iov++;
- }
- ret = tot_len;
-
-out:
- return ret;
-}
-
-ssize_t compat_import_iovec(int type,
- const struct compat_iovec __user * uvector,
- unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs,
- struct iovec **iov, struct iov_iter *i)
+ssize_t compat_import_iovec(int type, const struct compat_iovec __user *uvec,
+ unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp,
+ struct iov_iter *i)
{
- ssize_t n;
- struct iovec *p;
- n = compat_rw_copy_check_uvector(type, uvector, nr_segs, fast_segs,
- *iov, &p);
- if (n < 0) {
- if (p != *iov)
- kfree(p);
- *iov = NULL;
- return n;
- }
- iov_iter_init(i, type, p, nr_segs, n);
- *iov = p == *iov ? NULL : p;
- return n;
+ return __import_iovec(type, (const struct iovec __user *)uvec, nr_segs,
+ fast_segs, iovp, i, true);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(compat_import_iovec);
#endif
diff --git a/mm/process_vm_access.c b/mm/process_vm_access.c
index 29c052099aff..5e728c20c2be 100644
--- a/mm/process_vm_access.c
+++ b/mm/process_vm_access.c
@@ -276,20 +276,17 @@ static ssize_t process_vm_rw(pid_t pid,
if (rc < 0)
return rc;
if (!iov_iter_count(&iter))
- goto free_iovecs;
-
- rc = rw_copy_check_uvector(CHECK_IOVEC_ONLY, rvec, riovcnt, UIO_FASTIOV,
- iovstack_r, &iov_r);
- if (rc <= 0)
- goto free_iovecs;
-
+ goto free_iov_l;
+ iov_r = iovec_from_user(rvec, riovcnt, UIO_FASTIOV, iovstack_r, false);
+ if (IS_ERR(iov_r)) {
+ rc = PTR_ERR(iov_r);
+ goto free_iov_l;
+ }
rc = process_vm_rw_core(pid, &iter, iov_r, riovcnt, flags, vm_write);
-
-free_iovecs:
if (iov_r != iovstack_r)
kfree(iov_r);
+free_iov_l:
kfree(iov_l);
-
return rc;
}
@@ -333,18 +330,17 @@ compat_process_vm_rw(compat_pid_t pid,
if (rc < 0)
return rc;
if (!iov_iter_count(&iter))
- goto free_iovecs;
- rc = compat_rw_copy_check_uvector(CHECK_IOVEC_ONLY, rvec, riovcnt,
- UIO_FASTIOV, iovstack_r,
- &iov_r);
- if (rc <= 0)
- goto free_iovecs;
-
+ goto free_iov_l;
+ iov_r = iovec_from_user((const struct iovec __user *)rvec, riovcnt,
+ UIO_FASTIOV, iovstack_r, true);
+ if (IS_ERR(iov_r)) {
+ rc = PTR_ERR(iov_r);
+ goto free_iov_l;
+ }
rc = process_vm_rw_core(pid, &iter, iov_r, riovcnt, flags, vm_write);
-
-free_iovecs:
if (iov_r != iovstack_r)
kfree(iov_r);
+free_iov_l:
kfree(iov_l);
return rc;
}