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authorArnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>2018-02-06 15:41:41 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-02-06 18:32:47 -0800
commite7c52b84fb18f08ce49b6067ae6285aca79084a8 (patch)
tree7f0b229a7370956d59598e7966713c43ad84bf35
parent2650cb0c3ba7eb93d4c9af632549a93110c91af7 (diff)
kasan: rework Kconfig settings
We get a lot of very large stack frames using gcc-7.0.1 with the default -fsanitize-address-use-after-scope --param asan-stack=1 options, which can easily cause an overflow of the kernel stack, e.g. drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/handlers.c:2434:1: warning: the frame size of 46176 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes drivers/net/wireless/ralink/rt2x00/rt2800lib.c:5650:1: warning: the frame size of 23632 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes lib/atomic64_test.c:250:1: warning: the frame size of 11200 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/handlers.c:2621:1: warning: the frame size of 9208 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes drivers/media/dvb-frontends/stv090x.c:3431:1: warning: the frame size of 6816 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes fs/fscache/stats.c:287:1: warning: the frame size of 6536 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes To reduce this risk, -fsanitize-address-use-after-scope is now split out into a separate CONFIG_KASAN_EXTRA Kconfig option, leading to stack frames that are smaller than 2 kilobytes most of the time on x86_64. An earlier version of this patch also prevented combining KASAN_EXTRA with KASAN_INLINE, but that is no longer necessary with gcc-7.0.1. All patches to get the frame size below 2048 bytes with CONFIG_KASAN=y and CONFIG_KASAN_EXTRA=n have been merged by maintainers now, so we can bring back that default now. KASAN_EXTRA=y still causes lots of warnings but now defaults to !COMPILE_TEST to disable it in allmodconfig, and it remains disabled in all other defconfigs since it is a new option. I arbitrarily raise the warning limit for KASAN_EXTRA to 3072 to reduce the noise, but an allmodconfig kernel still has around 50 warnings on gcc-7. I experimented a bit more with smaller stack frames and have another follow-up series that reduces the warning limit for 64-bit architectures to 1280 bytes (without CONFIG_KASAN). With earlier versions of this patch series, I also had patches to address the warnings we get with KASAN and/or KASAN_EXTRA, using a "noinline_if_stackbloat" annotation. That annotation now got replaced with a gcc-8 bugfix (see https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=81715) and a workaround for older compilers, which means that KASAN_EXTRA is now just as bad as before and will lead to an instant stack overflow in a few extreme cases. This reverts parts of commit 3f181b4d8652 ("lib/Kconfig.debug: disable -Wframe-larger-than warnings with KASAN=y"). Two patches in linux-next should be merged first to avoid introducing warnings in an allmodconfig build: 3cd890dbe2a4 ("media: dvb-frontends: fix i2c access helpers for KASAN") 16c3ada89cff ("media: r820t: fix r820t_write_reg for KASAN") Do we really need to backport this? I think we do: without this patch, enabling KASAN will lead to unavoidable kernel stack overflow in certain device drivers when built with gcc-7 or higher on linux-4.10+ or any version that contains a backport of commit c5caf21ab0cf8. Most people are probably still on older compilers, but it will get worse over time as they upgrade their distros. The warnings we get on kernels older than this should all be for code that uses dangerously large stack frames, though most of them do not cause an actual stack overflow by themselves.The asan-stack option was added in linux-4.0, and commit 3f181b4d8652 ("lib/Kconfig.debug: disable -Wframe-larger-than warnings with KASAN=y") effectively turned off the warning for allmodconfig kernels, so I would like to see this fix backported to any kernels later than 4.0. I have done dozens of fixes for individual functions with stack frames larger than 2048 bytes with asan-stack, and I plan to make sure that all those fixes make it into the stable kernels as well (most are already there). Part of the complication here is that asan-stack (from 4.0) was originally assumed to always require much larger stacks, but that turned out to be a combination of multiple gcc bugs that we have now worked around and fixed, but sanitize-address-use-after-scope (from v4.10) has a much higher inherent stack usage and also suffers from at least three other problems that we have analyzed but not yet fixed upstream, each of them makes the stack usage more severe than it should be. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171221134744.2295529-1-arnd@arndb.de Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Acked-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.debug2
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.kasan11
-rw-r--r--scripts/Makefile.kasan2
3 files changed, 14 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 1a1423923bcf..b66c264d4194 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ config ENABLE_MUST_CHECK
config FRAME_WARN
int "Warn for stack frames larger than (needs gcc 4.4)"
range 0 8192
- default 0 if KASAN
+ default 3072 if KASAN_EXTRA
default 2048 if GCC_PLUGIN_LATENT_ENTROPY
default 1280 if (!64BIT && PARISC)
default 1024 if (!64BIT && !PARISC)
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.kasan b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
index bd38aab05929..3d35d062970d 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.kasan
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
@@ -20,6 +20,17 @@ config KASAN
Currently CONFIG_KASAN doesn't work with CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB
(the resulting kernel does not boot).
+config KASAN_EXTRA
+ bool "KAsan: extra checks"
+ depends on KASAN && DEBUG_KERNEL && !COMPILE_TEST
+ help
+ This enables further checks in the kernel address sanitizer, for now
+ it only includes the address-use-after-scope check that can lead
+ to excessive kernel stack usage, frame size warnings and longer
+ compile time.
+ https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=81715 has more
+
+
choice
prompt "Instrumentation type"
depends on KASAN
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.kasan b/scripts/Makefile.kasan
index 3fb382c69ff6..69552a39951d 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.kasan
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.kasan
@@ -38,7 +38,9 @@ else
endif
+ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_EXTRA
CFLAGS_KASAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize-address-use-after-scope)
+endif
CFLAGS_KASAN_NOSANITIZE := -fno-builtin