path: root/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
diff options
authorLinus Torvalds <>2019-07-08 16:12:03 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2019-07-08 16:12:03 -0700
commite1928328699a582a540b105e5f4c160832a7fdcb (patch)
treef36bb303b8648189d7b5a7feb27e58fe9fe3b9f0 /Documentation/atomic_t.txt
parent46f1ec23a46940846f86a91c46f7119d8a8b5de1 (diff)
parent9156e545765e467e6268c4814cfa609ebb16237e (diff)
Merge branch 'locking-core-for-linus' of git://
Pull locking updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes in this cycle are: - rwsem scalability improvements, phase #2, by Waiman Long, which are rather impressive: "On a 2-socket 40-core 80-thread Skylake system with 40 reader and writer locking threads, the min/mean/max locking operations done in a 5-second testing window before the patchset were: 40 readers, Iterations Min/Mean/Max = 1,807/1,808/1,810 40 writers, Iterations Min/Mean/Max = 1,807/50,344/151,255 After the patchset, they became: 40 readers, Iterations Min/Mean/Max = 30,057/31,359/32,741 40 writers, Iterations Min/Mean/Max = 94,466/95,845/97,098" There's a lot of changes to the locking implementation that makes it similar to qrwlock, including owner handoff for more fair locking. Another microbenchmark shows how across the spectrum the improvements are: "With a locking microbenchmark running on 5.1 based kernel, the total locking rates (in kops/s) on a 2-socket Skylake system with equal numbers of readers and writers (mixed) before and after this patchset were: # of Threads Before Patch After Patch ------------ ------------ ----------- 2 2,618 4,193 4 1,202 3,726 8 802 3,622 16 729 3,359 32 319 2,826 64 102 2,744" The changes are extensive and the patch-set has been through several iterations addressing various locking workloads. There might be more regressions, but unless they are pathological I believe we want to use this new implementation as the baseline going forward. - jump-label optimizations by Daniel Bristot de Oliveira: the primary motivation was to remove IPI disturbance of isolated RT-workload CPUs, which resulted in the implementation of batched jump-label updates. Beyond the improvement of the real-time characteristics kernel, in one test this patchset improved static key update overhead from 57 msecs to just 1.4 msecs - which is a nice speedup as well. - atomic64_t cross-arch type cleanups by Mark Rutland: over the last ~10 years of atomic64_t existence the various types used by the APIs only had to be self-consistent within each architecture - which means they became wildly inconsistent across architectures. Mark puts and end to this by reworking all the atomic64 implementations to use 's64' as the base type for atomic64_t, and to ensure that this type is consistently used for parameters and return values in the API, avoiding further problems in this area. - A large set of small improvements to lockdep by Yuyang Du: type cleanups, output cleanups, function return type and othr cleanups all around the place. - A set of percpu ops cleanups and fixes by Peter Zijlstra. - Misc other changes - please see the Git log for more details" * 'locking-core-for-linus' of git:// (82 commits) locking/lockdep: increase size of counters for lockdep statistics locking/atomics: Use sed(1) instead of non-standard head(1) option locking/lockdep: Move mark_lock() inside CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS && CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING x86/jump_label: Make tp_vec_nr static x86/percpu: Optimize raw_cpu_xchg() x86/percpu, sched/fair: Avoid local_clock() x86/percpu, x86/irq: Relax {set,get}_irq_regs() x86/percpu: Relax smp_processor_id() x86/percpu: Differentiate this_cpu_{}() and __this_cpu_{}() locking/rwsem: Guard against making count negative locking/rwsem: Adaptive disabling of reader optimistic spinning locking/rwsem: Enable time-based spinning on reader-owned rwsem locking/rwsem: Make rwsem->owner an atomic_long_t locking/rwsem: Enable readers spinning on writer locking/rwsem: Clarify usage of owner's nonspinaable bit locking/rwsem: Wake up almost all readers in wait queue locking/rwsem: More optimal RT task handling of null owner locking/rwsem: Always release wait_lock before waking up tasks locking/rwsem: Implement lock handoff to prevent lock starvation locking/rwsem: Make rwsem_spin_on_owner() return owner state ...
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/atomic_t.txt')
1 files changed, 7 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/atomic_t.txt b/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
index b3afe69d03a1..0ab747e0d5ac 100644
--- a/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
+++ b/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
@@ -81,9 +81,11 @@ Non-RMW ops:
The non-RMW ops are (typically) regular LOADs and STOREs and are canonically
implemented using READ_ONCE(), WRITE_ONCE(), smp_load_acquire() and
-smp_store_release() respectively.
+smp_store_release() respectively. Therefore, if you find yourself only using
+the Non-RMW operations of atomic_t, you do not in fact need atomic_t at all
+and are doing it wrong.
-The one detail to this is that atomic_set{}() should be observable to the RMW
+A subtle detail of atomic_set{}() is that it should be observable to the RMW
ops. That is:
C atomic-set
@@ -200,6 +202,9 @@ These helper barriers exist because architectures have varying implicit
ordering on their SMP atomic primitives. For example our TSO architectures
provide full ordered atomics and these barriers are no-ops.
+NOTE: when the atomic RmW ops are fully ordered, they should also imply a
+compiler barrier.