path: root/Documentation
diff options
authorTilman Schmidt <>2009-12-05 08:54:20 +0000
committerDavid S. Miller <>2009-12-08 20:30:41 -0800
commit64f16603eae17e869d5fc8a60ae987394190e639 (patch)
treec21cb3d817399573b5b069981d988fedd2b9b03d /Documentation
parent073886ff23bfbe7b88c9133d7a556d6ec51f0b50 (diff)
gigaset: documentation amendments
Various additions and improvements to the Gigaset driver's README file, and added comments to its userspace visible include file. Signed-off-by: Tilman Schmidt <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
1 files changed, 91 insertions, 25 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.gigaset b/Documentation/isdn/README.gigaset
index 0fc9831d7ecb..794941fc9493 100644
--- a/Documentation/isdn/README.gigaset
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.gigaset
@@ -68,22 +68,38 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
for troubleshooting or to pass module parameters.
The module ser_gigaset provides a serial line discipline N_GIGASET_M101
- which drives the device through the regular serial line driver. It must
- be attached to the serial line to which the M101 is connected with the
- ldattach(8) command (requires util-linux-ng release 2.14 or later), for
- example:
- ldattach GIGASET_M101 /dev/ttyS1
+ which uses the regular serial port driver to access the device, and must
+ therefore be attached to the serial device to which the M101 is connected.
+ The ldattach(8) command (included in util-linux-ng release 2.14 or later)
+ can be used for that purpose, for example:
+ ldattach GIGASET_M101 /dev/ttyS1
This will open the device file, attach the line discipline to it, and
then sleep in the background, keeping the device open so that the line
discipline remains active. To deactivate it, kill the daemon, for example
- killall ldattach
+ killall ldattach
before disconnecting the device. To have this happen automatically at
system startup/shutdown on an LSB compatible system, create and activate
an appropriate LSB startup script /etc/init.d/gigaset. (The init name
'gigaset' is officially assigned to this project by LANANA.)
Alternatively, just add the 'ldattach' command line to /etc/rc.local.
+ The modules accept the following parameters:
+ Module Parameter Meaning
+ gigaset debug debug level (see section 3.2.)
+ startmode initial operation mode (see section 2.5.):
+ bas_gigaset ) 1=ISDN4linux/CAPI (default), 0=Unimodem
+ ser_gigaset )
+ usb_gigaset ) cidmode initial Call-ID mode setting (see section
+ 2.5.): 1=on (default), 0=off
+ Depending on your distribution you may want to create a separate module
+ configuration file /etc/modprobe.d/gigaset for these, or add them to a
+ custom file like /etc/modprobe.conf.local.
2.2. Device nodes for user space programs
The device can be accessed from user space (eg. by the user space tools
@@ -93,11 +109,48 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
- /dev/ttyGU0 for M105 (USB data boxes)
- /dev/ttyGB0 for the base driver (direct USB connection)
- You can also select a "default device" which is used by the frontends when
+ If you connect more than one device of a type, they will get consecutive
+ device nodes, eg. /dev/ttyGU1 for a second M105.
+ You can also set a "default device" for the user space tools to use when
no device node is given as parameter, by creating a symlink /dev/ttyG to
one of them, eg.:
- ln -s /dev/ttyGB0 /dev/ttyG
+ ln -s /dev/ttyGB0 /dev/ttyG
+ The devices accept the following device specific ioctl calls
+ (defined in gigaset_dev.h):
+ ioctl(int fd, GIGASET_REDIR, int *cmd);
+ If cmd==1, the device is set to be controlled exclusively through the
+ character device node; access from the ISDN subsystem is blocked.
+ If cmd==0, the device is set to be used from the ISDN subsystem and does
+ not communicate through the character device node.
+ ioctl(int fd, GIGASET_CONFIG, int *cmd);
+ (ser_gigaset and usb_gigaset only)
+ If cmd==1, the device is set to adapter configuration mode where commands
+ are interpreted by the M10x DECT adapter itself instead of being
+ forwarded to the base station. In this mode, the device accepts the
+ commands described in Siemens document "AT-Kommando Alignment M10x Data"
+ for setting the operation mode, associating with a base station and
+ querying parameters like field strengh and signal quality.
+ Note that there is no ioctl command for leaving adapter configuration
+ mode and returning to regular operation. In order to leave adapter
+ configuration mode, write the command ATO to the device.
+ ioctl(int fd, GIGASET_BRKCHARS, unsigned char brkchars[6]);
+ (usb_gigaset only)
+ Set the break characters on an M105's internal serial adapter to the six
+ bytes stored in brkchars[]. Unused bytes should be set to zero.
+ ioctl(int fd, GIGASET_VERSION, unsigned version[4]);
+ Retrieve version information from the driver. version[0] must be set to
+ one of:
+ - GIGVER_DRIVER: retrieve driver version
+ - GIGVER_COMPAT: retrieve interface compatibility version
+ - GIGVER_FWBASE: retrieve the firmware version of the base
+ Upon return, version[] is filled with the requested version information.
2.3. ISDN4linux
@@ -113,15 +166,24 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
Connection State: 0, Response: -1
gigaset_process_response: resp_code -1 in ConState 0 !
Timeout occurred
- you might need to use unimodem mode. (see section 2.5.)
+ you probably need to use unimodem mode. (see section 2.5.)
2.4. CAPI
If the driver is compiled with CAPI support (kernel configuration option
GIGASET_CAPI, experimental) it can also be used with CAPI 2.0 kernel and
- user space applications. ISDN4Linux is supported in this configuration
+ user space applications. For user space access, the module capi.ko must
+ be loaded. The capiinit command (included in the capi4k-utils package)
+ does this for you.
+ The CAPI variant of the driver supports legacy ISDN4Linux applications
via the capidrv compatibility driver. The kernel module capidrv.ko must
- be loaded explicitly ("modprobe capidrv") if needed.
+ be loaded explicitly with the command
+ modprobe capidrv
+ if needed, and cannot be unloaded again without unloading the driver
+ first. (These are limitations of capidrv.)
+ The note about unimodem mode in the preceding section applies here, too.
2.5. Unimodem mode
@@ -134,9 +196,14 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
You can switch back using
gigacontr --mode isdn
- You can also load the driver using e.g.
- modprobe usb_gigaset startmode=0
- to prevent the driver from starting in "isdn4linux mode".
+ You can also put the driver directly into Unimodem mode when it's loaded,
+ by passing the module parameter startmode=0 to the hardware specific
+ module, e.g.
+ modprobe usb_gigaset startmode=0
+ or by adding a line like
+ options usb_gigaset startmode=0
+ to an appropriate module configuration file, like /etc/modprobe.d/gigaset
+ or /etc/modprobe.conf.local.
In this mode the device works like a modem connected to a serial port
(the /dev/ttyGU0, ... mentioned above) which understands the commands
@@ -164,9 +231,8 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
options ppp_async flag_time=0
- to /etc/modprobe.conf. If your distribution has some local module
- configuration file like /etc/modprobe.conf.local,
- using that should be preferred.
+ to an appropriate module configuration file, like /etc/modprobe.d/gigaset
+ or /etc/modprobe.conf.local.
2.6. Call-ID (CID) mode
@@ -189,12 +255,13 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
settings (CID mode).
- If you have several DECT data devices (M10x) which you want to use
in turn, select Unimodem mode by passing the parameter "cidmode=0" to
- the driver ("modprobe usb_gigaset cidmode=0" or modprobe.conf).
+ the appropriate driver module (ser_gigaset or usb_gigaset).
If you want both of these at once, you are out of luck.
- You can also use /sys/class/tty/ttyGxy/cidmode for changing the CID mode
- setting (ttyGxy is ttyGU0 or ttyGB0).
+ You can also use the tty class parameter "cidmode" of the device to
+ change its CID mode while the driver is loaded, eg.
+ echo 0 > /sys/class/tty/ttyGU0/cidmode
2.7. Unregistered Wireless Devices (M101/M105)
@@ -208,7 +275,7 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
driver. In that situation, a restricted set of functions is available
which includes, in particular, those necessary for registering the device
to a base or for switching it between Fixed Part and Portable Part
- modes.
+ modes. See the gigacontr(8) manpage for details.
3. Troubleshooting
@@ -222,9 +289,7 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
options isdn dialtimeout=15
- to /etc/modprobe.conf. If your distribution has some local module
- configuration file like /etc/modprobe.conf.local,
- using that should be preferred.
+ to /etc/modprobe.d/gigaset, /etc/modprobe.conf.local or a similar file.
Your isdn script aborts with a message about isdnlog.
@@ -264,7 +329,8 @@ GigaSet 307x Device Driver
The initial value can be set using the debug parameter when loading the
module "gigaset", e.g. by adding a line
options gigaset debug=0
- to /etc/modprobe.conf, ...
+ to your module configuration file, eg. /etc/modprobe.d/gigaset or
+ /etc/modprobe.conf.local.
Generated debugging information can be found
- as output of the command