path: root/arch/arc
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authorArnd Bergmann <>2020-11-11 17:52:58 +0100
committerArnd Bergmann <>2020-11-16 16:57:18 +0100
commitcef397038167ac15d085914493d6c86385773709 (patch)
treeb9b24ed9461d2b0103c0e9a44793e5e06530bbcd /arch/arc
parentf8394f232b1eab649ce2df5c5f15b0e528c92091 (diff)
arch: pgtable: define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS where needed
Stefan Agner reported a bug when using zsram on 32-bit Arm machines with RAM above the 4GB address boundary: Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000000 pgd = a27bd01c [00000000] *pgd=236a0003, *pmd=1ffa64003 Internal error: Oops: 207 [#1] SMP ARM Modules linked in: mdio_bcm_unimac(+) brcmfmac cfg80211 brcmutil raspberrypi_hwmon hci_uart crc32_arm_ce bcm2711_thermal phy_generic genet CPU: 0 PID: 123 Comm: mkfs.ext4 Not tainted 5.9.6 #1 Hardware name: BCM2711 PC is at zs_map_object+0x94/0x338 LR is at zram_bvec_rw.constprop.0+0x330/0xa64 pc : [<c0602b38>] lr : [<c0bda6a0>] psr: 60000013 sp : e376bbe0 ip : 00000000 fp : c1e2921c r10: 00000002 r9 : c1dda730 r8 : 00000000 r7 : e8ff7a00 r6 : 00000000 r5 : 02f9ffa0 r4 : e3710000 r3 : 000fdffe r2 : c1e0ce80 r1 : ebf979a0 r0 : 00000000 Flags: nZCv IRQs on FIQs on Mode SVC_32 ISA ARM Segment user Control: 30c5383d Table: 235c2a80 DAC: fffffffd Process mkfs.ext4 (pid: 123, stack limit = 0x495a22e6) Stack: (0xe376bbe0 to 0xe376c000) As it turns out, zsram needs to know the maximum memory size, which is defined in MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS when CONFIG_SPARSEMEM is set, or in MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS on the x86 architecture. The same problem will be hit on all 32-bit architectures that have a physical address space larger than 4GB and happen to not enable sparsemem and include asm/sparsemem.h from asm/pgtable.h. After the initial discussion, I suggested just always defining MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS whenever CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT is set, or provoking a build error otherwise. This addresses all configurations that can currently have this runtime bug, but leaves all other configurations unchanged. I looked up the possible number of bits in source code and datasheets, here is what I found: - on ARC, CONFIG_ARC_HAS_PAE40 controls whether 32 or 40 bits are used - on ARM, CONFIG_LPAE enables 40 bit addressing, without it we never support more than 32 bits, even though supersections in theory allow up to 40 bits as well. - on MIPS, some MIPS32r1 or later chips support 36 bits, and MIPS32r5 XPA supports up to 60 bits in theory, but 40 bits are more than anyone will ever ship - On PowerPC, there are three different implementations of 36 bit addressing, but 32-bit is used without CONFIG_PTE_64BIT - On RISC-V, the normal page table format can support 34 bit addressing. There is no highmem support on RISC-V, so anything above 2GB is unused, but it might be useful to eventually support CONFIG_ZRAM for high pages. Fixes: 61989a80fb3a ("staging: zsmalloc: zsmalloc memory allocation library") Fixes: 02390b87a945 ("mm/zsmalloc: Prepare to variable MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS") Acked-by: Thomas Bogendoerfer <> Reviewed-by: Stefan Agner <> Tested-by: Stefan Agner <> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <> Link: Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arc')
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h
index f1ed17edb085..163641726a2b 100644
--- a/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -134,8 +134,10 @@
#define PTE_BITS_NON_RWX_IN_PD1 (0xff00000000 | PAGE_MASK | _PAGE_CACHEABLE)