path: root/block
diff options
authorTejun Heo <>2021-05-11 21:38:36 -0400
committerJens Axboe <>2021-05-11 20:50:35 -0600
commite9f4eee9a0023ba22db9560d4cc6ee63f933dae8 (patch)
treefcd4ba5098eff8f448db2c86b58d7735913d8177 /block
parentefed9a3337e341bd0989161b97453b52567bc59d (diff)
blk-iocost: fix weight updates of inner active iocgs
When the weight of an active iocg is updated, weight_updated() is called which in turn calls __propagate_weights() to update the active and inuse weights so that the effective hierarchical weights are update accordingly. The current implementation is incorrect for inner active nodes. For an active leaf iocg, inuse can be any value between 1 and active and the difference represents how much the iocg is donating. When weight is updated, as long as inuse is clamped between 1 and the new weight, we're alright and this is what __propagate_weights() currently implements. However, that's not how an active inner node's inuse is set. An inner node's inuse is solely determined by the ratio between the sums of inuse's and active's of its children - ie. they're results of propagating the leaves' active and inuse weights upwards. __propagate_weights() incorrectly applies the same clamping as for a leaf when an active inner node's weight is updated. Consider a hierarchy which looks like the following with saturating workloads in AA and BB. R / \ A B | | AA BB 1. For both A and B, active=100, inuse=100, hwa=0.5, hwi=0.5. 2. echo 200 > A/io.weight 3. __propagate_weights() update A's active to 200 and leave inuse at 100 as it's already between 1 and the new active, making A:active=200, A:inuse=100. As R's active_sum is updated along with A's active, A:hwa=2/3, B:hwa=1/3. However, because the inuses didn't change, the hwi's remain unchanged at 0.5. 4. The weight of A is now twice that of B but AA and BB still have the same hwi of 0.5 and thus are doing the same amount of IOs. Fix it by making __propgate_weights() always calculate the inuse of an active inner iocg based on the ratio of child_inuse_sum to child_active_sum. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <> Reported-by: Dan Schatzberg <> Fixes: 7caa47151ab2 ("blkcg: implement blk-iocost") Cc: # v5.4+ Link: Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
Diffstat (limited to 'block')
1 files changed, 12 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/block/blk-iocost.c b/block/blk-iocost.c
index e0c4baa01857..c2d6bc88d3f1 100644
--- a/block/blk-iocost.c
+++ b/block/blk-iocost.c
@@ -1069,7 +1069,17 @@ static void __propagate_weights(struct ioc_gq *iocg, u32 active, u32 inuse,
- inuse = clamp_t(u32, inuse, 1, active);
+ /*
+ * For an active leaf node, its inuse shouldn't be zero or exceed
+ * @active. An active internal node's inuse is solely determined by the
+ * inuse to active ratio of its children regardless of @inuse.
+ */
+ if (list_empty(&iocg->active_list) && iocg->child_active_sum) {
+ inuse = DIV64_U64_ROUND_UP(active * iocg->child_inuse_sum,
+ iocg->child_active_sum);
+ } else {
+ inuse = clamp_t(u32, inuse, 1, active);
+ }
iocg->last_inuse = iocg->inuse;
if (save)
@@ -1086,7 +1096,7 @@ static void __propagate_weights(struct ioc_gq *iocg, u32 active, u32 inuse,
/* update the level sums */
parent->child_active_sum += (s32)(active - child->active);
parent->child_inuse_sum += (s32)(inuse - child->inuse);
- /* apply the udpates */
+ /* apply the updates */
child->active = active;
child->inuse = inuse;