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authorPetr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>2018-06-27 16:20:28 +0200
committerPetr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>2018-07-09 14:10:40 +0200
commit03fc7f9c99c1e7ae2925d459e8487f1a6f199f79 (patch)
tree8cb7129c15859fd980dcab0dc22f1f816145f841 /kernel/printk/printk_safe.c
parenta338f84dc196f44b63ba0863d2f34fd9b1613572 (diff)
printk/nmi: Prevent deadlock when accessing the main log buffer in NMI
The commit 719f6a7040f1bdaf96 ("printk: Use the main logbuf in NMI when logbuf_lock is available") brought back the possible deadlocks in printk() and NMI. The check of logbuf_lock is done only in printk_nmi_enter() to prevent mixed output. But another CPU might take the lock later, enter NMI, and: + Both NMIs might be serialized by yet another lock, for example, the one in nmi_cpu_backtrace(). + The other CPU might get stopped in NMI, see smp_send_stop() in panic(). The only safe solution is to use trylock when storing the message into the main log-buffer. It might cause reordering when some lines go to the main lock buffer directly and others are delayed via the per-CPU buffer. It means that it is not useful in general. This patch replaces the problematic NMI deferred context with NMI direct context. It can be used to mark a code that might produce many messages in NMI and the risk of losing them is more critical than problems with eventual reordering. The context is then used when dumping trace buffers on oops. It was the primary motivation for the original fix. Also the reordering is even smaller issue there because some traces have their own time stamps. Finally, nmi_cpu_backtrace() need not longer be serialized because it will always us the per-CPU buffers again. Fixes: 719f6a7040f1bdaf96 ("printk: Use the main logbuf in NMI when logbuf_lock is available") Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180627142028.11259-1-pmladek@suse.com To: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@gmail.com> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Acked-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/printk/printk_safe.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/printk/printk_safe.c58
1 files changed, 37 insertions, 21 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c b/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c
index d7d091309054..a0a74c533e4b 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk_safe.c
@@ -308,24 +308,33 @@ static __printf(1, 0) int vprintk_nmi(const char *fmt, va_list args)
void printk_nmi_enter(void)
{
- /*
- * The size of the extra per-CPU buffer is limited. Use it only when
- * the main one is locked. If this CPU is not in the safe context,
- * the lock must be taken on another CPU and we could wait for it.
- */
- if ((this_cpu_read(printk_context) & PRINTK_SAFE_CONTEXT_MASK) &&
- raw_spin_is_locked(&logbuf_lock)) {
- this_cpu_or(printk_context, PRINTK_NMI_CONTEXT_MASK);
- } else {
- this_cpu_or(printk_context, PRINTK_NMI_DEFERRED_CONTEXT_MASK);
- }
+ this_cpu_or(printk_context, PRINTK_NMI_CONTEXT_MASK);
}
void printk_nmi_exit(void)
{
- this_cpu_and(printk_context,
- ~(PRINTK_NMI_CONTEXT_MASK |
- PRINTK_NMI_DEFERRED_CONTEXT_MASK));
+ this_cpu_and(printk_context, ~PRINTK_NMI_CONTEXT_MASK);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Marks a code that might produce many messages in NMI context
+ * and the risk of losing them is more critical than eventual
+ * reordering.
+ *
+ * It has effect only when called in NMI context. Then printk()
+ * will try to store the messages into the main logbuf directly
+ * and use the per-CPU buffers only as a fallback when the lock
+ * is not available.
+ */
+void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void)
+{
+ if (this_cpu_read(printk_context) & PRINTK_NMI_CONTEXT_MASK)
+ this_cpu_or(printk_context, PRINTK_NMI_DIRECT_CONTEXT_MASK);
+}
+
+void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void)
+{
+ this_cpu_and(printk_context, ~PRINTK_NMI_DIRECT_CONTEXT_MASK);
}
#else
@@ -363,6 +372,20 @@ void __printk_safe_exit(void)
__printf(1, 0) int vprintk_func(const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
+ /*
+ * Try to use the main logbuf even in NMI. But avoid calling console
+ * drivers that might have their own locks.
+ */
+ if ((this_cpu_read(printk_context) & PRINTK_NMI_DIRECT_CONTEXT_MASK) &&
+ raw_spin_trylock(&logbuf_lock)) {
+ int len;
+
+ len = vprintk_store(0, LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT, NULL, 0, fmt, args);
+ raw_spin_unlock(&logbuf_lock);
+ defer_console_output();
+ return len;
+ }
+
/* Use extra buffer in NMI when logbuf_lock is taken or in safe mode. */
if (this_cpu_read(printk_context) & PRINTK_NMI_CONTEXT_MASK)
return vprintk_nmi(fmt, args);
@@ -371,13 +394,6 @@ __printf(1, 0) int vprintk_func(const char *fmt, va_list args)
if (this_cpu_read(printk_context) & PRINTK_SAFE_CONTEXT_MASK)
return vprintk_safe(fmt, args);
- /*
- * Use the main logbuf when logbuf_lock is available in NMI.
- * But avoid calling console drivers that might have their own locks.
- */
- if (this_cpu_read(printk_context) & PRINTK_NMI_DEFERRED_CONTEXT_MASK)
- return vprintk_deferred(fmt, args);
-
/* No obstacles. */
return vprintk_default(fmt, args);
}