path: root/mm/nommu.c
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authorVlastimil Babka <>2020-03-21 18:22:37 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2020-03-21 18:56:06 -0700
commit0715e6c516f106ed553828a671d30ad9a3431536 (patch)
treea00c358e2cbcdeae576858a5207beec9da47b310 /mm/nommu.c
parent63886bad904b73f7470fd582fbc41c5ae04d6785 (diff)
mm, slub: prevent kmalloc_node crashes and memory leaks
Sachin reports [1] a crash in SLUB __slab_alloc(): BUG: Kernel NULL pointer dereference on read at 0x000073b0 Faulting instruction address: 0xc0000000003d55f4 Oops: Kernel access of bad area, sig: 11 [#1] LE PAGE_SIZE=64K MMU=Hash SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries Modules linked in: CPU: 19 PID: 1 Comm: systemd Not tainted 5.6.0-rc2-next-20200218-autotest #1 NIP: c0000000003d55f4 LR: c0000000003d5b94 CTR: 0000000000000000 REGS: c0000008b37836d0 TRAP: 0300 Not tainted (5.6.0-rc2-next-20200218-autotest) MSR: 8000000000009033 <SF,EE,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE> CR: 24004844 XER: 00000000 CFAR: c00000000000dec4 DAR: 00000000000073b0 DSISR: 40000000 IRQMASK: 1 GPR00: c0000000003d5b94 c0000008b3783960 c00000000155d400 c0000008b301f500 GPR04: 0000000000000dc0 0000000000000002 c0000000003443d8 c0000008bb398620 GPR08: 00000008ba2f0000 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 GPR12: 0000000024004844 c00000001ec52a00 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 GPR16: c0000008a1b20048 c000000001595898 c000000001750c18 0000000000000002 GPR20: c000000001750c28 c000000001624470 0000000fffffffe0 5deadbeef0000122 GPR24: 0000000000000001 0000000000000dc0 0000000000000002 c0000000003443d8 GPR28: c0000008b301f500 c0000008bb398620 0000000000000000 c00c000002287180 NIP ___slab_alloc+0x1f4/0x760 LR __slab_alloc+0x34/0x60 Call Trace: ___slab_alloc+0x334/0x760 (unreliable) __slab_alloc+0x34/0x60 __kmalloc_node+0x110/0x490 kvmalloc_node+0x58/0x110 mem_cgroup_css_online+0x108/0x270 online_css+0x48/0xd0 cgroup_apply_control_enable+0x2ec/0x4d0 cgroup_mkdir+0x228/0x5f0 kernfs_iop_mkdir+0x90/0xf0 vfs_mkdir+0x110/0x230 do_mkdirat+0xb0/0x1a0 system_call+0x5c/0x68 This is a PowerPC platform with following NUMA topology: available: 2 nodes (0-1) node 0 cpus: node 0 size: 0 MB node 0 free: 0 MB node 1 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 node 1 size: 35247 MB node 1 free: 30907 MB node distances: node 0 1 0: 10 40 1: 40 10 possible numa nodes: 0-31 This only happens with a mmotm patch "mm/memcontrol.c: allocate shrinker_map on appropriate NUMA node" [2] which effectively calls kmalloc_node for each possible node. SLUB however only allocates kmem_cache_node on online N_NORMAL_MEMORY nodes, and relies on node_to_mem_node to return such valid node for other nodes since commit a561ce00b09e ("slub: fall back to node_to_mem_node() node if allocating on memoryless node"). This is however not true in this configuration where the _node_numa_mem_ array is not initialized for nodes 0 and 2-31, thus it contains zeroes and get_partial() ends up accessing non-allocated kmem_cache_node. A related issue was reported by Bharata (originally by Ramachandran) [3] where a similar PowerPC configuration, but with mainline kernel without patch [2] ends up allocating large amounts of pages by kmalloc-1k kmalloc-512. This seems to have the same underlying issue with node_to_mem_node() not behaving as expected, and might probably also lead to an infinite loop with CONFIG_SLUB_CPU_PARTIAL [4]. This patch should fix both issues by not relying on node_to_mem_node() anymore and instead simply falling back to NUMA_NO_NODE, when kmalloc_node(node) is attempted for a node that's not online, or has no usable memory. The "usable memory" condition is also changed from node_present_pages() to N_NORMAL_MEMORY node state, as that is exactly the condition that SLUB uses to allocate kmem_cache_node structures. The check in get_partial() is removed completely, as the checks in ___slab_alloc() are now sufficient to prevent get_partial() being reached with an invalid node. [1] [2] [3] [4] Fixes: a561ce00b09e ("slub: fall back to node_to_mem_node() node if allocating on memoryless node") Reported-by: Sachin Sant <> Reported-by: PUVICHAKRAVARTHY RAMACHANDRAN <> Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Tested-by: Sachin Sant <> Tested-by: Bharata B Rao <> Reviewed-by: Srikar Dronamraju <> Cc: Mel Gorman <> Cc: Michael Ellerman <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Christopher Lameter <> Cc: Cc: Joonsoo Kim <> Cc: Pekka Enberg <> Cc: David Rientjes <> Cc: Kirill Tkhai <> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <> Cc: Nathan Lynch <> Cc: <> Link: Debugged-by: Srikar Dronamraju <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/nommu.c')
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