summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/mm/oom_kill.c
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorJoonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>2020-06-03 15:58:58 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2020-06-03 20:09:44 -0700
commit3334a45eb9e2bb040c880ef65e1d72357a0a008b (patch)
tree55085b58bbb60d146542777cb75fcd36232d8f17 /mm/oom_kill.c
parent26e7deadaae1755faf1f6d1a68988c4b8348df59 (diff)
mm/page_alloc: use ac->high_zoneidx for classzone_idx
Patch series "integrate classzone_idx and high_zoneidx", v5. This patchset is followup of the problem reported and discussed two years ago [1, 2]. The problem this patchset solves is related to the classzone_idx on the NUMA system. It causes a problem when the lowmem reserve protection exists for some zones on a node that do not exist on other nodes. This problem was reported two years ago, and, at that time, the solution got general agreements [2]. But it was not upstreamed. [1]: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180102063528.GG30397@yexl-desktop [2]: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1525408246-14768-1-git-send-email-iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com This patch (of 2): Currently, we use classzone_idx to calculate lowmem reserve proetection for an allocation request. This classzone_idx causes a problem on NUMA systems when the lowmem reserve protection exists for some zones on a node that do not exist on other nodes. Before further explanation, I should first clarify how to compute the classzone_idx and the high_zoneidx. - ac->high_zoneidx is computed via the arcane gfp_zone(gfp_mask) and represents the index of the highest zone the allocation can use - classzone_idx was supposed to be the index of the highest zone on the local node that the allocation can use, that is actually available in the system Think about following example. Node 0 has 4 populated zone, DMA/DMA32/NORMAL/MOVABLE. Node 1 has 1 populated zone, NORMAL. Some zones, such as MOVABLE, doesn't exist on node 1 and this makes following difference. Assume that there is an allocation request whose gfp_zone(gfp_mask) is the zone, MOVABLE. Then, it's high_zoneidx is 3. If this allocation is initiated on node 0, it's classzone_idx is 3 since actually available/usable zone on local (node 0) is MOVABLE. If this allocation is initiated on node 1, it's classzone_idx is 2 since actually available/usable zone on local (node 1) is NORMAL. You can see that classzone_idx of the allocation request are different according to their starting node, even if their high_zoneidx is the same. Think more about these two allocation requests. If they are processed on local, there is no problem. However, if allocation is initiated on node 1 are processed on remote, in this example, at the NORMAL zone on node 0, due to memory shortage, problem occurs. Their different classzone_idx leads to different lowmem reserve and then different min watermark. See the following example. root@ubuntu:/sys/devices/system/memory# cat /proc/zoneinfo Node 0, zone DMA per-node stats ... pages free 3965 min 5 low 8 high 11 spanned 4095 present 3998 managed 3977 protection: (0, 2961, 4928, 5440) ... Node 0, zone DMA32 pages free 757955 min 1129 low 1887 high 2645 spanned 1044480 present 782303 managed 758116 protection: (0, 0, 1967, 2479) ... Node 0, zone Normal pages free 459806 min 750 low 1253 high 1756 spanned 524288 present 524288 managed 503620 protection: (0, 0, 0, 4096) ... Node 0, zone Movable pages free 130759 min 195 low 326 high 457 spanned 1966079 present 131072 managed 131072 protection: (0, 0, 0, 0) ... Node 1, zone DMA pages free 0 min 0 low 0 high 0 spanned 0 present 0 managed 0 protection: (0, 0, 1006, 1006) Node 1, zone DMA32 pages free 0 min 0 low 0 high 0 spanned 0 present 0 managed 0 protection: (0, 0, 1006, 1006) Node 1, zone Normal per-node stats ... pages free 233277 min 383 low 640 high 897 spanned 262144 present 262144 managed 257744 protection: (0, 0, 0, 0) ... Node 1, zone Movable pages free 0 min 0 low 0 high 0 spanned 262144 present 0 managed 0 protection: (0, 0, 0, 0) - static min watermark for the NORMAL zone on node 0 is 750. - lowmem reserve for the request with classzone idx 3 at the NORMAL on node 0 is 4096. - lowmem reserve for the request with classzone idx 2 at the NORMAL on node 0 is 0. So, overall min watermark is: allocation initiated on node 0 (classzone_idx 3): 750 + 4096 = 4846 allocation initiated on node 1 (classzone_idx 2): 750 + 0 = 750 Allocation initiated on node 1 will have some precedence than allocation initiated on node 0 because min watermark of the former allocation is lower than the other. So, allocation initiated on node 1 could succeed on node 0 when allocation initiated on node 0 could not, and, this could cause too many numa_miss allocation. Then, performance could be downgraded. Recently, there was a regression report about this problem on CMA patches since CMA memory are placed in ZONE_MOVABLE by those patches. I checked that problem is disappeared with this fix that uses high_zoneidx for classzone_idx. http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180102063528.GG30397@yexl-desktop Using high_zoneidx for classzone_idx is more consistent way than previous approach because system's memory layout doesn't affect anything to it. With this patch, both classzone_idx on above example will be 3 so will have the same min watermark. allocation initiated on node 0: 750 + 4096 = 4846 allocation initiated on node 1: 750 + 4096 = 4846 One could wonder if there is a side effect that allocation initiated on node 1 will use higher bar when allocation is handled on local since classzone_idx could be higher than before. It will not happen because the zone without managed page doesn't contributes lowmem_reserve at all. Reported-by: Ye Xiaolong <xiaolong.ye@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Tested-by: Ye Xiaolong <xiaolong.ye@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1587095923-7515-1-git-send-email-iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1587095923-7515-2-git-send-email-iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/oom_kill.c')
0 files changed, 0 insertions, 0 deletions