path: root/mm/page-writeback.c
diff options
authorBrian Foster <>2018-12-28 00:37:20 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <>2018-12-28 12:11:49 -0800
commit3fa750dcf29e8606e3969d13d8e188cc1c0f511d (patch)
treed8fbf2cbb7f3d4d92e791fb2388db170afa0c83f /mm/page-writeback.c
parentc3a5c77afefa697bf87f15272c7257e1574cad56 (diff)
mm/page-writeback.c: don't break integrity writeback on ->writepage() error
write_cache_pages() is used in both background and integrity writeback scenarios by various filesystems. Background writeback is mostly concerned with cleaning a certain number of dirty pages based on various mm heuristics. It may not write the full set of dirty pages or wait for I/O to complete. Integrity writeback is responsible for persisting a set of dirty pages before the writeback job completes. For example, an fsync() call must perform integrity writeback to ensure data is on disk before the call returns. write_cache_pages() unconditionally breaks out of its processing loop in the event of a ->writepage() error. This is fine for background writeback, which had no strict requirements and will eventually come around again. This can cause problems for integrity writeback on filesystems that might need to clean up state associated with failed page writeouts. For example, XFS performs internal delayed allocation accounting before returning a ->writepage() error, where applicable. If the current writeback happens to be associated with an unmount and write_cache_pages() completes the writeback prematurely due to error, the filesystem is unmounted in an inconsistent state if dirty+delalloc pages still exist. To handle this problem, update write_cache_pages() to always process the full set of pages for integrity writeback regardless of ->writepage() errors. Save the first encountered error and return it to the caller once complete. This facilitates XFS (or any other fs that expects integrity writeback to process the entire set of dirty pages) to clean up its internal state completely in the event of persistent mapping errors. Background writeback continues to exit on the first error encountered. [ fix typo in comment] Link: Signed-off-by: Brian Foster <> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/page-writeback.c')
1 files changed, 21 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index 3f690bae6b78..7d1010453fb9 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -2154,6 +2154,7 @@ int write_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
int ret = 0;
int done = 0;
+ int error;
struct pagevec pvec;
int nr_pages;
pgoff_t uninitialized_var(writeback_index);
@@ -2227,25 +2228,31 @@ continue_unlock:
goto continue_unlock;
trace_wbc_writepage(wbc, inode_to_bdi(mapping->host));
- ret = (*writepage)(page, wbc, data);
- if (unlikely(ret)) {
+ error = (*writepage)(page, wbc, data);
+ if (unlikely(error)) {
+ /*
+ * Handle errors according to the type of
+ * writeback. There's no need to continue for
+ * background writeback. Just push done_index
+ * past this page so media errors won't choke
+ * writeout for the entire file. For integrity
+ * writeback, we must process the entire dirty
+ * set regardless of errors because the fs may
+ * still have state to clear for each page. In
+ * that case we continue processing and return
+ * the first error.
+ */
+ if (error == AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE) {
- ret = 0;
- } else {
- /*
- * done_index is set past this page,
- * so media errors will not choke
- * background writeout for the entire
- * file. This has consequences for
- * range_cyclic semantics (ie. it may
- * not be suitable for data integrity
- * writeout).
- */
+ error = 0;
+ } else if (wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL) {
+ ret = error;
done_index = page->index + 1;
done = 1;
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = error;