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authorDennis Zhou <dennisszhou@gmail.com>2018-02-16 12:07:19 -0600
committerTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2018-02-18 05:33:00 -0800
commit47504ee04b9241548ae2c28be7d0b01cff3b7aa6 (patch)
treed2a55fe53d065220a4610011cb624811e74085db /mm
parent15d9f3d116c02a485441d758d9ca0a2e4f3b30be (diff)
percpu: add __GFP_NORETRY semantics to the percpu balancing path
Percpu memory using the vmalloc area based chunk allocator lazily populates chunks by first requesting the full virtual address space required for the chunk and subsequently adding pages as allocations come through. To ensure atomic allocations can succeed, a workqueue item is used to maintain a minimum number of empty pages. In certain scenarios, such as reported in [1], it is possible that physical memory becomes quite scarce which can result in either a rather long time spent trying to find free pages or worse, a kernel panic. This patch adds support for __GFP_NORETRY and __GFP_NOWARN passing them through to the underlying allocators. This should prevent any unnecessary panics potentially caused by the workqueue item. The passing of gfp around is as additional flags rather than a full set of flags. The next patch will change these to caller passed semantics. V2: Added const modifier to gfp flags in the balance path. Removed an extra whitespace. [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/2/12/551 Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <dennisszhou@gmail.com> Suggested-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Reported-by: syzbot+adb03f3f0bb57ce3acda@syzkaller.appspotmail.com Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/percpu-km.c8
-rw-r--r--mm/percpu-vm.c18
-rw-r--r--mm/percpu.c44
3 files changed, 42 insertions, 28 deletions
diff --git a/mm/percpu-km.c b/mm/percpu-km.c
index d2a76642c4ae..0d88d7bd5706 100644
--- a/mm/percpu-km.c
+++ b/mm/percpu-km.c
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@
#include <linux/log2.h>
static int pcpu_populate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
- int page_start, int page_end)
+ int page_start, int page_end, gfp_t gfp)
{
return 0;
}
@@ -45,18 +45,18 @@ static void pcpu_depopulate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
/* nada */
}
-static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(void)
+static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(gfp_t gfp)
{
const int nr_pages = pcpu_group_sizes[0] >> PAGE_SHIFT;
struct pcpu_chunk *chunk;
struct page *pages;
int i;
- chunk = pcpu_alloc_chunk();
+ chunk = pcpu_alloc_chunk(gfp);
if (!chunk)
return NULL;
- pages = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, order_base_2(nr_pages));
+ pages = alloc_pages(gfp | GFP_KERNEL, order_base_2(nr_pages));
if (!pages) {
pcpu_free_chunk(chunk);
return NULL;
diff --git a/mm/percpu-vm.c b/mm/percpu-vm.c
index 9158e5a81391..0af71eb2fff0 100644
--- a/mm/percpu-vm.c
+++ b/mm/percpu-vm.c
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ static struct page **pcpu_get_pages(void)
lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_alloc_mutex);
if (!pages)
- pages = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pages_size);
+ pages = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pages_size, 0);
return pages;
}
@@ -73,18 +73,21 @@ static void pcpu_free_pages(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
* @pages: array to put the allocated pages into, indexed by pcpu_page_idx()
* @page_start: page index of the first page to be allocated
* @page_end: page index of the last page to be allocated + 1
+ * @gfp: allocation flags passed to the underlying allocator
*
* Allocate pages [@page_start,@page_end) into @pages for all units.
* The allocation is for @chunk. Percpu core doesn't care about the
* content of @pages and will pass it verbatim to pcpu_map_pages().
*/
static int pcpu_alloc_pages(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
- struct page **pages, int page_start, int page_end)
+ struct page **pages, int page_start, int page_end,
+ gfp_t gfp)
{
- const gfp_t gfp = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM;
unsigned int cpu, tcpu;
int i;
+ gfp |= GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM;
+
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
for (i = page_start; i < page_end; i++) {
struct page **pagep = &pages[pcpu_page_idx(cpu, i)];
@@ -262,6 +265,7 @@ static void pcpu_post_map_flush(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
* @chunk: chunk of interest
* @page_start: the start page
* @page_end: the end page
+ * @gfp: allocation flags passed to the underlying memory allocator
*
* For each cpu, populate and map pages [@page_start,@page_end) into
* @chunk.
@@ -270,7 +274,7 @@ static void pcpu_post_map_flush(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
* pcpu_alloc_mutex, does GFP_KERNEL allocation.
*/
static int pcpu_populate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
- int page_start, int page_end)
+ int page_start, int page_end, gfp_t gfp)
{
struct page **pages;
@@ -278,7 +282,7 @@ static int pcpu_populate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
if (!pages)
return -ENOMEM;
- if (pcpu_alloc_pages(chunk, pages, page_start, page_end))
+ if (pcpu_alloc_pages(chunk, pages, page_start, page_end, gfp))
return -ENOMEM;
if (pcpu_map_pages(chunk, pages, page_start, page_end)) {
@@ -325,12 +329,12 @@ static void pcpu_depopulate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
pcpu_free_pages(chunk, pages, page_start, page_end);
}
-static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(void)
+static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(gfp_t gfp)
{
struct pcpu_chunk *chunk;
struct vm_struct **vms;
- chunk = pcpu_alloc_chunk();
+ chunk = pcpu_alloc_chunk(gfp);
if (!chunk)
return NULL;
diff --git a/mm/percpu.c b/mm/percpu.c
index e1ea41002173..f97443d488a8 100644
--- a/mm/percpu.c
+++ b/mm/percpu.c
@@ -447,10 +447,12 @@ static void pcpu_next_fit_region(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits,
/**
* pcpu_mem_zalloc - allocate memory
* @size: bytes to allocate
+ * @gfp: allocation flags
*
* Allocate @size bytes. If @size is smaller than PAGE_SIZE,
- * kzalloc() is used; otherwise, vzalloc() is used. The returned
- * memory is always zeroed.
+ * kzalloc() is used; otherwise, the equivalent of vzalloc() is used.
+ * This is to facilitate passing through whitelisted flags. The
+ * returned memory is always zeroed.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Does GFP_KERNEL allocation.
@@ -458,15 +460,16 @@ static void pcpu_next_fit_region(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits,
* RETURNS:
* Pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure.
*/
-static void *pcpu_mem_zalloc(size_t size)
+static void *pcpu_mem_zalloc(size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
{
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!slab_is_available()))
return NULL;
if (size <= PAGE_SIZE)
- return kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ return kzalloc(size, gfp | GFP_KERNEL);
else
- return vzalloc(size);
+ return __vmalloc(size, gfp | GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO,
+ PAGE_KERNEL);
}
/**
@@ -1154,12 +1157,12 @@ static struct pcpu_chunk * __init pcpu_alloc_first_chunk(unsigned long tmp_addr,
return chunk;
}
-static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_alloc_chunk(void)
+static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_alloc_chunk(gfp_t gfp)
{
struct pcpu_chunk *chunk;
int region_bits;
- chunk = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_struct_size);
+ chunk = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_struct_size, gfp);
if (!chunk)
return NULL;
@@ -1168,17 +1171,17 @@ static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_alloc_chunk(void)
region_bits = pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk);
chunk->alloc_map = pcpu_mem_zalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits) *
- sizeof(chunk->alloc_map[0]));
+ sizeof(chunk->alloc_map[0]), gfp);
if (!chunk->alloc_map)
goto alloc_map_fail;
chunk->bound_map = pcpu_mem_zalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits + 1) *
- sizeof(chunk->bound_map[0]));
+ sizeof(chunk->bound_map[0]), gfp);
if (!chunk->bound_map)
goto bound_map_fail;
chunk->md_blocks = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk) *
- sizeof(chunk->md_blocks[0]));
+ sizeof(chunk->md_blocks[0]), gfp);
if (!chunk->md_blocks)
goto md_blocks_fail;
@@ -1278,10 +1281,10 @@ static void pcpu_chunk_depopulated(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
* pcpu_verify_alloc_info - check alloc_info is acceptable during init
*/
static int pcpu_populate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
- int page_start, int page_end);
+ int page_start, int page_end, gfp_t gfp);
static void pcpu_depopulate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
int page_start, int page_end);
-static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(void);
+static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(gfp_t gfp);
static void pcpu_destroy_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk);
static struct page *pcpu_addr_to_page(void *addr);
static int __init pcpu_verify_alloc_info(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai);
@@ -1423,7 +1426,7 @@ restart:
}
if (list_empty(&pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1])) {
- chunk = pcpu_create_chunk();
+ chunk = pcpu_create_chunk(0);
if (!chunk) {
err = "failed to allocate new chunk";
goto fail;
@@ -1452,7 +1455,7 @@ area_found:
page_start, page_end) {
WARN_ON(chunk->immutable);
- ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, re);
+ ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, re, 0);
spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags);
if (ret) {
@@ -1563,10 +1566,17 @@ void __percpu *__alloc_reserved_percpu(size_t size, size_t align)
* pcpu_balance_workfn - manage the amount of free chunks and populated pages
* @work: unused
*
- * Reclaim all fully free chunks except for the first one.
+ * Reclaim all fully free chunks except for the first one. This is also
+ * responsible for maintaining the pool of empty populated pages. However,
+ * it is possible that this is called when physical memory is scarce causing
+ * OOM killer to be triggered. We should avoid doing so until an actual
+ * allocation causes the failure as it is possible that requests can be
+ * serviced from already backed regions.
*/
static void pcpu_balance_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
{
+ /* gfp flags passed to underlying allocators */
+ const gfp_t gfp = __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN;
LIST_HEAD(to_free);
struct list_head *free_head = &pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1];
struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, *next;
@@ -1647,7 +1657,7 @@ retry_pop:
chunk->nr_pages) {
int nr = min(re - rs, nr_to_pop);
- ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, rs + nr);
+ ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, rs + nr, gfp);
if (!ret) {
nr_to_pop -= nr;
spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock);
@@ -1664,7 +1674,7 @@ retry_pop:
if (nr_to_pop) {
/* ran out of chunks to populate, create a new one and retry */
- chunk = pcpu_create_chunk();
+ chunk = pcpu_create_chunk(gfp);
if (chunk) {
spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock);
pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, -1);