path: root/mm
diff options
authorMuchun Song <>2021-02-24 12:04:19 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <>2021-02-24 13:38:30 -0800
commitcae3af62b33aa931427a0f211e04347b22180b36 (patch)
tree3456464ae417695a9c22cec0622db44d4e8e2e61 /mm
parent6eeb104e114cb6b7391c2d69ff873403858c1f35 (diff)
mm: memcontrol: fix swap undercounting in cgroup2
When pages are swapped in, the VM may retain the swap copy to avoid repeated writes in the future. It's also retained if shared pages are faulted back in some processes, but not in others. During that time we have an in-memory copy of the page, as well as an on-swap copy. Cgroup1 and cgroup2 handle these overlapping lifetimes slightly differently due to the nature of how they account memory and swap: Cgroup1 has a unified memory+swap counter that tracks a data page regardless whether it's in-core or swapped out. On swapin, we transfer the charge from the swap entry to the newly allocated swapcache page, even though the swap entry might stick around for a while. That's why we have a mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap() call inside mem_cgroup_charge(). Cgroup2 tracks memory and swap as separate, independent resources and thus has split memory and swap counters. On swapin, we charge the newly allocated swapcache page as memory, while the swap slot in turn must remain charged to the swap counter as long as its allocated too. The cgroup2 logic was broken by commit 2d1c498072de ("mm: memcontrol: make swap tracking an integral part of memory control"), because it accidentally removed the do_memsw_account() check in the branch inside mem_cgroup_uncharge() that was supposed to tell the difference between the charge transfer in cgroup1 and the separate counters in cgroup2. As a result, cgroup2 currently undercounts retained swap to varying degrees: swap slots are cached up to 50% of the configured limit or total available swap space; partially faulted back shared pages are only limited by physical capacity. This in turn allows cgroups to significantly overconsume their alloted swap space. Add the do_memsw_account() check back to fix this problem. Link: Fixes: 2d1c498072de ("mm: memcontrol: make swap tracking an integral part of memory control") Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <> Reviewed-by: Shakeel Butt <> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <> Cc: <> [5.8+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
1 files changed, 13 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 7fdc001ce15f..2db2aeac8a9e 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -6748,7 +6748,19 @@ int mem_cgroup_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
memcg_check_events(memcg, page);
- if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
+ /*
+ * Cgroup1's unified memory+swap counter has been charged with the
+ * new swapcache page, finish the transfer by uncharging the swap
+ * slot. The swap slot would also get uncharged when it dies, but
+ * it can stick around indefinitely and we'd count the page twice
+ * the entire time.
+ *
+ * Cgroup2 has separate resource counters for memory and swap,
+ * so this is a non-issue here. Memory and swap charge lifetimes
+ * correspond 1:1 to page and swap slot lifetimes: we charge the
+ * page to memory here, and uncharge swap when the slot is freed.
+ */
+ if (do_memsw_account() && PageSwapCache(page)) {
swp_entry_t entry = { .val = page_private(page) };
* The swap entry might not get freed for a long time,