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* Documentation: drop optional BOMsRandy Dunlap2021-05-101-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | A few of the Documentation .rst files begin with a Unicode byte order mark (BOM). The BOM may signify endianess for 16-bit or 32-bit encodings or indicate that the text stream is indeed Unicode. We don't need it for either of those uses. It may also interfere with (confuse) some software. Since we don't need it and its use is optional, just delete the uses of it in Documentation/. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byte_order_mark Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210506231907.14359-1-rdunlap@infradead.org Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Merge tag 'landlock_v34' of ↵Linus Torvalds2021-05-012-0/+86
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security Pull Landlock LSM from James Morris: "Add Landlock, a new LSM from Mickaël Salaün. Briefly, Landlock provides for unprivileged application sandboxing. From Mickaël's cover letter: "The goal of Landlock is to enable to restrict ambient rights (e.g. global filesystem access) for a set of processes. Because Landlock is a stackable LSM [1], it makes possible to create safe security sandboxes as new security layers in addition to the existing system-wide access-controls. This kind of sandbox is expected to help mitigate the security impact of bugs or unexpected/malicious behaviors in user-space applications. Landlock empowers any process, including unprivileged ones, to securely restrict themselves. Landlock is inspired by seccomp-bpf but instead of filtering syscalls and their raw arguments, a Landlock rule can restrict the use of kernel objects like file hierarchies, according to the kernel semantic. Landlock also takes inspiration from other OS sandbox mechanisms: XNU Sandbox, FreeBSD Capsicum or OpenBSD Pledge/Unveil. In this current form, Landlock misses some access-control features. This enables to minimize this patch series and ease review. This series still addresses multiple use cases, especially with the combined use of seccomp-bpf: applications with built-in sandboxing, init systems, security sandbox tools and security-oriented APIs [2]" The cover letter and v34 posting is here: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-security-module/20210422154123.13086-1-mic@digikod.net/ See also: https://landlock.io/ This code has had extensive design discussion and review over several years" Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/50db058a-7dde-441b-a7f9-f6837fe8b69f@schaufler-ca.com/ [1] Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/f646e1c7-33cf-333f-070c-0a40ad0468cd@digikod.net/ [2] * tag 'landlock_v34' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: landlock: Enable user space to infer supported features landlock: Add user and kernel documentation samples/landlock: Add a sandbox manager example selftests/landlock: Add user space tests landlock: Add syscall implementations arch: Wire up Landlock syscalls fs,security: Add sb_delete hook landlock: Support filesystem access-control LSM: Infrastructure management of the superblock landlock: Add ptrace restrictions landlock: Set up the security framework and manage credentials landlock: Add ruleset and domain management landlock: Add object management
| * landlock: Add user and kernel documentationMickaël Salaün2021-04-222-0/+86
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a first document describing userspace API: how to define and enforce a Landlock security policy. This is explained with a simple example. The Landlock system calls are described with their expected behavior and current limitations. Another document is dedicated to kernel developers, describing guiding principles and some important kernel structures. This documentation can be built with the Sphinx framework. Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com> Reviewed-by: Vincent Dagonneau <vincent.dagonneau@ssi.gouv.fr> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210422154123.13086-13-mic@digikod.net Signed-off-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com>
* | doc: trusted-encrypted: updates with TEE as a new trust sourceSumit Garg2021-04-141-33/+138
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Update documentation for Trusted and Encrypted Keys with TEE as a new trust source. Following is brief description of updates: - Add a section to demonstrate a list of supported devices along with their security properties/guarantees. - Add a key generation section. - Updates for usage section including differences specific to a trust source. Co-developed-by: Elaine Palmer <erpalmer@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Elaine Palmer <erpalmer@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
* | security: keys: trusted: use ASN.1 TPM2 key format for the blobsJames Bottomley2021-04-141-0/+58
|/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Modify the TPM2 key format blob output to export and import in the ASN.1 form for TPM2 sealed object keys. For compatibility with prior trusted keys, the importer will also accept two TPM2B quantities representing the public and private parts of the key. However, the export via keyctl pipe will only output the ASN.1 format. The benefit of the ASN.1 format is that it's a standard and thus the exported key can be used by userspace tools (openssl_tpm2_engine, openconnect and tpm2-tss-engine). The format includes policy specifications, thus it gets us out of having to construct policy handles in userspace and the format includes the parent meaning you don't have to keep passing it in each time. This patch only implements basic handling for the ASN.1 format, so keys with passwords but no policy. Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com> Tested-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
* Merge tag 'keys-misc-20210126' of ↵Linus Torvalds2021-02-231-2/+2
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs Pull keyring updates from David Howells: "Here's a set of minor keyrings fixes/cleanups that I've collected from various people for the upcoming merge window. A couple of them might, in theory, be visible to userspace: - Make blacklist_vet_description() reject uppercase letters as they don't match the all-lowercase hex string generated for a blacklist search. This may want reconsideration in the future, but, currently, you can't add to the blacklist keyring from userspace and the only source of blacklist keys generates lowercase descriptions. - Fix blacklist_init() to use a new KEY_ALLOC_* flag to indicate that it wants KEY_FLAG_KEEP to be set rather than passing KEY_FLAG_KEEP into keyring_alloc() as KEY_FLAG_KEEP isn't a valid alloc flag. This isn't currently a problem as the blacklist keyring isn't currently writable by userspace. The rest of the patches are cleanups and I don't think they should have any visible effect" * tag 'keys-misc-20210126' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs: watch_queue: rectify kernel-doc for init_watch() certs: Replace K{U,G}IDT_INIT() with GLOBAL_ROOT_{U,G}ID certs: Fix blacklist flag type confusion PKCS#7: Fix missing include certs: Fix blacklisted hexadecimal hash string check certs/blacklist: fix kernel doc interface issue crypto: public_key: Remove redundant header file from public_key.h keys: remove trailing semicolon in macro definition crypto: pkcs7: Use match_string() helper to simplify the code PKCS#7: drop function from kernel-doc pkcs7_validate_trust_one encrypted-keys: Replace HTTP links with HTTPS ones crypto: asymmetric_keys: fix some comments in pkcs7_parser.h KEYS: remove redundant memset security: keys: delete repeated words in comments KEYS: asymmetric: Fix kerneldoc security/keys: use kvfree_sensitive() watch_queue: Drop references to /dev/watch_queue keys: Remove outdated __user annotations security: keys: Fix fall-through warnings for Clang
| * watch_queue: Drop references to /dev/watch_queueGabriel Krisman Bertazi2021-01-211-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The merged API doesn't use a watch_queue device, but instead relies on pipes, so let the documentation reflect that. Fixes: f7e47677e39a ("watch_queue: Add a key/keyring notification facility") Signed-off-by: Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@collabora.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Ben Boeckel <mathstuf@gmail.com>
* | Documentation: Replace lkml.org links with loreJoe Perches2021-01-111-1/+1
|/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Replace the lkml.org links with lore to better use a single source that's more likely to stay available long-term. Done by bash script: cvt_lkml_to_lore () { tmpfile=$(mktemp ./.cvt_links.XXXXXXX) header=$(echo $1 | sed 's@/lkml/@/lkml/headers/@') wget -qO - $header > $tmpfile if [[ $? == 0 ]] ; then link=$(grep -i '^Message-Id:' $tmpfile | head -1 | \ sed -r -e 's/^\s*Message-Id:\s*<\s*//' -e 's/\s*>\s*$//' -e 's@^@https://lore.kernel.org/r/@') # echo "testlink: $link" if [ -n "$link" ] ; then wget -qO - $link > /dev/null if [[ $? == 0 ]] ; then echo $link fi fi fi rm -f $tmpfile } git grep -P -o "\bhttps?://(?:www.)?lkml.org/lkml[\/\w]+" $@ | while read line ; do echo $line file=$(echo $line | cut -f1 -d':') link=$(echo $line | cut -f2- -d':') newlink=$(cvt_lkml_to_lore $link) if [[ -n "$newlink" ]] ; then sed -i -e "s#\b$link\b#$newlink#" $file fi done Link: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1265849/#1462688 Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/77cdb7f32cfb087955bfc3600b86c40bed5d4104.camel@perches.com Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Documentation: remove current_security() referenceDenis Efremov2020-09-091-1/+0
| | | | | | | | | Commit 15322a0d90b6 ("lsm: remove current_security()") removed current_security() from the sources. Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200830142509.5738-1-efremov@linux.com Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* docs: trusted-encrypted.rst: update parameters for command examplesColy Li2020-09-091-3/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The parameters in command examples for tpm2_createprimary and tpm2_evictcontrol are outdated, people (like me) are not able to create trusted key by these command examples. This patch updates the parameters of command example tpm2_createprimary and tpm2_evictcontrol in trusted-encrypted.rst. With Linux kernel v5.8 and tpm2-tools-4.1, people can create a trusted key by following the examples in this document. Signed-off-by: Coly Li <colyli@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Stefan Berger <stefanb@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: James Bottomley <jejb@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca> Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Huewe <peterhuewe@gmx.de> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200821135356.15737-1-colyli@suse.de Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Documentation: security/keys: eliminate duplicated wordRandy Dunlap2020-07-131-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Drop the doubled word "in". Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Acked-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org Cc: James Bottomley <jejb@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com> Cc: linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org Cc: keyrings@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200707180414.10467-19-rdunlap@infradead.org Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Security: Documentation: Replace deprecated :c:func: UsagePuranjay Mohan2020-07-061-3/+3
| | | | | | | | | Replace :c:func: with ``func()`` as the previous usage is deprecated. Remove an extra ')' to fix broken cross reference. Signed-off-by: Puranjay Mohan <puranjay12@gmail.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200706184956.6928-1-puranjay12@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Documentation: Clarify f_cred vs current_cred() useKees Cook2020-07-051-0/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | When making access control choices from a file-based context, f_cred must be used instead of current_cred() to avoid confused deputy attacks where an open file may get passed to a more privileged process. Add a short paragraph to explicitly state the rationale. Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/202007031038.8833A35DE4@keescook Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* docs: crypto: convert asymmetric-keys.txt to ReSTMauro Carvalho Chehab2020-06-191-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This file is almost compatible with ReST. Just minor changes were needed: - Adjust document and titles markups; - Adjust numbered list markups; - Add a comments markup for the Contents section; - Add markups for literal blocks. Acked-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+huawei@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/c2275ea94e0507a01b020ab66dfa824d8b1c2545.1592203650.git.mchehab+huawei@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Merge tag 'notifications-20200601' of ↵Linus Torvalds2020-06-131-0/+57
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs Pull notification queue from David Howells: "This adds a general notification queue concept and adds an event source for keys/keyrings, such as linking and unlinking keys and changing their attributes. Thanks to Debarshi Ray, we do have a pull request to use this to fix a problem with gnome-online-accounts - as mentioned last time: https://gitlab.gnome.org/GNOME/gnome-online-accounts/merge_requests/47 Without this, g-o-a has to constantly poll a keyring-based kerberos cache to find out if kinit has changed anything. [ There are other notification pending: mount/sb fsinfo notifications for libmount that Karel Zak and Ian Kent have been working on, and Christian Brauner would like to use them in lxc, but let's see how this one works first ] LSM hooks are included: - A set of hooks are provided that allow an LSM to rule on whether or not a watch may be set. Each of these hooks takes a different "watched object" parameter, so they're not really shareable. The LSM should use current's credentials. [Wanted by SELinux & Smack] - A hook is provided to allow an LSM to rule on whether or not a particular message may be posted to a particular queue. This is given the credentials from the event generator (which may be the system) and the watch setter. [Wanted by Smack] I've provided SELinux and Smack with implementations of some of these hooks. WHY === Key/keyring notifications are desirable because if you have your kerberos tickets in a file/directory, your Gnome desktop will monitor that using something like fanotify and tell you if your credentials cache changes. However, we also have the ability to cache your kerberos tickets in the session, user or persistent keyring so that it isn't left around on disk across a reboot or logout. Keyrings, however, cannot currently be monitored asynchronously, so the desktop has to poll for it - not so good on a laptop. This facility will allow the desktop to avoid the need to poll. DESIGN DECISIONS ================ - The notification queue is built on top of a standard pipe. Messages are effectively spliced in. The pipe is opened with a special flag: pipe2(fds, O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE); The special flag has the same value as O_EXCL (which doesn't seem like it will ever be applicable in this context)[?]. It is given up front to make it a lot easier to prohibit splice&co from accessing the pipe. [?] Should this be done some other way? I'd rather not use up a new O_* flag if I can avoid it - should I add a pipe3() system call instead? The pipe is then configured:: ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_SIZE, queue_depth); ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_FILTER, &filter); Messages are then read out of the pipe using read(). - It should be possible to allow write() to insert data into the notification pipes too, but this is currently disabled as the kernel has to be able to insert messages into the pipe *without* holding pipe->mutex and the code to make this work needs careful auditing. - sendfile(), splice() and vmsplice() are disabled on notification pipes because of the pipe->mutex issue and also because they sometimes want to revert what they just did - but one or more notification messages might've been interleaved in the ring. - The kernel inserts messages with the wait queue spinlock held. This means that pipe_read() and pipe_write() have to take the spinlock to update the queue pointers. - Records in the buffer are binary, typed and have a length so that they can be of varying size. This allows multiple heterogeneous sources to share a common buffer; there are 16 million types available, of which I've used just a few, so there is scope for others to be used. Tags may be specified when a watchpoint is created to help distinguish the sources. - Records are filterable as types have up to 256 subtypes that can be individually filtered. Other filtration is also available. - Notification pipes don't interfere with each other; each may be bound to a different set of watches. Any particular notification will be copied to all the queues that are currently watching for it - and only those that are watching for it. - When recording a notification, the kernel will not sleep, but will rather mark a queue as having lost a message if there's insufficient space. read() will fabricate a loss notification message at an appropriate point later. - The notification pipe is created and then watchpoints are attached to it, using one of: keyctl_watch_key(KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING, fds[1], 0x01); watch_mount(AT_FDCWD, "/", 0, fd, 0x02); watch_sb(AT_FDCWD, "/mnt", 0, fd, 0x03); where in both cases, fd indicates the queue and the number after is a tag between 0 and 255. - Watches are removed if either the notification pipe is destroyed or the watched object is destroyed. In the latter case, a message will be generated indicating the enforced watch removal. Things I want to avoid: - Introducing features that make the core VFS dependent on the network stack or networking namespaces (ie. usage of netlink). - Dumping all this stuff into dmesg and having a daemon that sits there parsing the output and distributing it as this then puts the responsibility for security into userspace and makes handling namespaces tricky. Further, dmesg might not exist or might be inaccessible inside a container. - Letting users see events they shouldn't be able to see. TESTING AND MANPAGES ==================== - The keyutils tree has a pipe-watch branch that has keyctl commands for making use of notifications. Proposed manual pages can also be found on this branch, though a couple of them really need to go to the main manpages repository instead. If the kernel supports the watching of keys, then running "make test" on that branch will cause the testing infrastructure to spawn a monitoring process on the side that monitors a notifications pipe for all the key/keyring changes induced by the tests and they'll all be checked off to make sure they happened. https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/keyutils.git/log/?h=pipe-watch - A test program is provided (samples/watch_queue/watch_test) that can be used to monitor for keyrings, mount and superblock events. Information on the notifications is simply logged to stdout" * tag 'notifications-20200601' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs: smack: Implement the watch_key and post_notification hooks selinux: Implement the watch_key security hook keys: Make the KEY_NEED_* perms an enum rather than a mask pipe: Add notification lossage handling pipe: Allow buffers to be marked read-whole-or-error for notifications Add sample notification program watch_queue: Add a key/keyring notification facility security: Add hooks to rule on setting a watch pipe: Add general notification queue support pipe: Add O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE security: Add a hook for the point of notification insertion uapi: General notification queue definitions
| * watch_queue: Add a key/keyring notification facilityDavid Howells2020-05-191-0/+57
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a key/keyring change notification facility whereby notifications about changes in key and keyring content and attributes can be received. Firstly, an event queue needs to be created: pipe2(fds, O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE); ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_SIZE, 256); then a notification can be set up to report notifications via that queue: struct watch_notification_filter filter = { .nr_filters = 1, .filters = { [0] = { .type = WATCH_TYPE_KEY_NOTIFY, .subtype_filter[0] = UINT_MAX, }, }, }; ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_FILTER, &filter); keyctl_watch_key(KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING, fds[1], 0x01); After that, records will be placed into the queue when events occur in which keys are changed in some way. Records are of the following format: struct key_notification { struct watch_notification watch; __u32 key_id; __u32 aux; } *n; Where: n->watch.type will be WATCH_TYPE_KEY_NOTIFY. n->watch.subtype will indicate the type of event, such as NOTIFY_KEY_REVOKED. n->watch.info & WATCH_INFO_LENGTH will indicate the length of the record. n->watch.info & WATCH_INFO_ID will be the second argument to keyctl_watch_key(), shifted. n->key will be the ID of the affected key. n->aux will hold subtype-dependent information, such as the key being linked into the keyring specified by n->key in the case of NOTIFY_KEY_LINKED. Note that it is permissible for event records to be of variable length - or, at least, the length may be dependent on the subtype. Note also that the queue can be shared between multiple notifications of various types. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com>
* | Merge tag 'docs-5.8-2' of git://git.lwn.net/linuxLinus Torvalds2020-06-101-1/+1
|\ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pull more documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "A handful of late-arriving docs fixes, along with a patch changing a lot of HTTP links to HTTPS that had to be yanked and redone before the first pull" * tag 'docs-5.8-2' of git://git.lwn.net/linux: docs/memory-barriers.txt/kokr: smp_mb__{before,after}_atomic(): update Documentation Documentation: devres: add missing entry for devm_platform_get_and_ioremap_resource() Replace HTTP links with HTTPS ones: documentation docs: it_IT: address invalid reference warnings doc: zh_CN: use doc reference to resolve undefined label warning docs: Update the location of the LF NDA program docs: dev-tools: coccinelle: underlines
| * | Replace HTTP links with HTTPS ones: documentationAlexander A. Klimov2020-06-081-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Rationale: Reduces attack surface on kernel devs opening the links for MITM as HTTPS traffic is much harder to manipulate. Deterministic algorithm: For each file: For each line: If doesn't contain `\bxmlns\b`: For each link, `\bhttp://[^# \t\r\n]*(?:\w|/)`: If both the HTTP and HTTPS versions return 200 OK and serve the same content: Replace HTTP with HTTPS. Signed-off-by: Alexander A. Klimov <grandmaster@al2klimov.de> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200526060544.25127-1-grandmaster@al2klimov.de Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* | | Merge tag 'keys-next-20200602' of ↵Linus Torvalds2020-06-041-2/+6
|\ \ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs Pull keyring updates from David Howells: - Fix a documentation warning. - Replace a zero-length array with a flexible one - Make the big_key key type use ChaCha20Poly1305 and use the crypto algorithm directly rather than going through the crypto layer. - Implement the update op for the big_key type. * tag 'keys-next-20200602' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs: keys: Implement update for the big_key type security/keys: rewrite big_key crypto to use library interface KEYS: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array Documentation: security: core.rst: add missing argument
| * | | Documentation: security: core.rst: add missing argumentBen Boeckel2020-06-021-2/+6
| | |/ | |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This argument was just never documented in the first place. Signed-off-by: Ben Boeckel <mathstuf@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
* | | Merge tag 'docs-5.8' of git://git.lwn.net/linuxLinus Torvalds2020-06-013-136/+168
|\ \ \ | | |/ | |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pull documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "A fair amount of stuff this time around, dominated by yet another massive set from Mauro toward the completion of the RST conversion. I *really* hope we are getting close to the end of this. Meanwhile, those patches reach pretty far afield to update document references around the tree; there should be no actual code changes there. There will be, alas, more of the usual trivial merge conflicts. Beyond that we have more translations, improvements to the sphinx scripting, a number of additions to the sysctl documentation, and lots of fixes" * tag 'docs-5.8' of git://git.lwn.net/linux: (130 commits) Documentation: fixes to the maintainer-entry-profile template zswap: docs/vm: Fix typo accept_threshold_percent in zswap.rst tracing: Fix events.rst section numbering docs: acpi: fix old http link and improve document format docs: filesystems: add info about efivars content Documentation: LSM: Correct the basic LSM description mailmap: change email for Ricardo Ribalda docs: sysctl/kernel: document unaligned controls Documentation: admin-guide: update bug-hunting.rst docs: sysctl/kernel: document ngroups_max nvdimm: fixes to maintainter-entry-profile Documentation/features: Correct RISC-V kprobes support entry Documentation/features: Refresh the arch support status files Revert "docs: sysctl/kernel: document ngroups_max" docs: move locking-specific documents to locking/ docs: move digsig docs to the security book docs: move the kref doc into the core-api book docs: add IRQ documentation at the core-api book docs: debugging-via-ohci1394.txt: add it to the core-api book docs: fix references for ipmi.rst file ...
| * | Documentation: LSM: Correct the basic LSM descriptionCasey Schaufler2020-05-251-136/+66
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This is a first pass at updating the basic documentation on Linux Security Modules (LSM), which is frighteningly out of date. Remove untrue statements about the LSM framework. Replace them with true statements where it is convenient to do so. This is the beginnig of a larger effort to bring the LSM documentation up to date. Signed-off-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/4c053d72-2d58-612f-6d6b-f04226d0181e@schaufler-ca.com Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
| * | docs: move digsig docs to the security bookMauro Carvalho Chehab2020-05-152-0/+102
| |/ | | | | | | | | | | Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+huawei@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/6af5365404c7bd9d008e7e3a77ba83587fd33012.1588345503.git.mchehab+huawei@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* / crypto: lib/sha1 - rename "sha" to "sha1"Eric Biggers2020-05-081-1/+1
|/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The library implementation of the SHA-1 compression function is confusingly called just "sha_transform()". Alongside it are some "SHA_" constants and "sha_init()". Presumably these are left over from a time when SHA just meant SHA-1. But now there are also SHA-2 and SHA-3, and moreover SHA-1 is now considered insecure and thus shouldn't be used. Therefore, rename these functions and constants to make it very clear that they are for SHA-1. Also add a comment to make it clear that these shouldn't be used. For the extra-misleadingly named "SHA_MESSAGE_BYTES", rename it to SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE and define it to just '64' rather than '(512/8)' so that it matches the same definition in <crypto/sha.h>. This prepares for merging <linux/cryptohash.h> into <crypto/sha.h>. Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
* docs: prevent warnings due to autosectionlabelMauro Carvalho Chehab2020-03-201-4/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Changeset 58ad30cf91f0 ("docs: fix reference to core-api/namespaces.rst") enabled a new feature at Sphinx: it will now generate index for each document title, plus to each chapter inside it. There's a drawback, though: one document cannot have two sections with the same name anymore. A followup patch will change the logic of autosectionlabel to avoid most creating references for every single section title, but still we need to be able to reference the chapters inside a document. There are a few places where there are two chapters with the same name. This patch renames one of the chapters, in order to avoid symbol conflict within the same document. PS.: as I don't speach Chinese, I had some help from a friend (Wen Liu) at the Chinese translation for "publishing patches" for this document: Documentation/translations/zh_CN/process/5.Posting.rst Fixes: 58ad30cf91f0 ("docs: fix reference to core-api/namespaces.rst") Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+huawei@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/2bffb91e4a63d41bf5fae1c23e1e8b3bba0b8806.1584716446.git.mchehab+huawei@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Documentation: security: core.rst: fix warningsDaniel W. S. Almeida2019-11-221-1/+1
| | | | | | | | Fix warnings due to missing markup, no change in content otherwise. Signed-off-by: Daniel W. S. Almeida <dwlsalmeida@gmail.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20191122041806.68650-1-dwlsalmeida@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* docs: security: fix section hyperlinkBrendan Jackman2019-10-011-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | The reStructuredText syntax is wrong here; not sure how it was intended but we can just use the section header as an implicit hyperlink target, with a single "outward" underscore. Signed-off-by: Brendan Jackman <bhenryj0117@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* Merge branch 'next-integrity' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-09-271-0/+3
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/zohar/linux-integrity Pull integrity updates from Mimi Zohar: "The major feature in this time is IMA support for measuring and appraising appended file signatures. In addition are a couple of bug fixes and code cleanup to use struct_size(). In addition to the PE/COFF and IMA xattr signatures, the kexec kernel image may be signed with an appended signature, using the same scripts/sign-file tool that is used to sign kernel modules. Similarly, the initramfs may contain an appended signature. This contained a lot of refactoring of the existing appended signature verification code, so that IMA could retain the existing framework of calculating the file hash once, storing it in the IMA measurement list and extending the TPM, verifying the file's integrity based on a file hash or signature (eg. xattrs), and adding an audit record containing the file hash, all based on policy. (The IMA support for appended signatures patch set was posted and reviewed 11 times.) The support for appended signature paves the way for adding other signature verification methods, such as fs-verity, based on a single system-wide policy. The file hash used for verifying the signature and the signature, itself, can be included in the IMA measurement list" * 'next-integrity' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/zohar/linux-integrity: ima: ima_api: Use struct_size() in kzalloc() ima: use struct_size() in kzalloc() sefltest/ima: support appended signatures (modsig) ima: Fix use after free in ima_read_modsig() MODSIGN: make new include file self contained ima: fix freeing ongoing ahash_request ima: always return negative code for error ima: Store the measurement again when appraising a modsig ima: Define ima-modsig template ima: Collect modsig ima: Implement support for module-style appended signatures ima: Factor xattr_verify() out of ima_appraise_measurement() ima: Add modsig appraise_type option for module-style appended signatures integrity: Select CONFIG_KEYS instead of depending on it PKCS#7: Introduce pkcs7_get_digest() PKCS#7: Refactor verify_pkcs7_signature() MODSIGN: Export module signature definitions ima: initialize the "template" field with the default template
| * ima: Define ima-modsig templateThiago Jung Bauermann2019-08-051-0/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Define new "d-modsig" template field which holds the digest that is expected to match the one contained in the modsig, and also new "modsig" template field which holds the appended file signature. Add a new "ima-modsig" defined template descriptor with the new fields as well as the ones from the "ima-sig" descriptor. Change ima_store_measurement() to accept a struct modsig * argument so that it can be passed along to the templates via struct ima_event_data. Suggested-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
* | Merge tag 'docs-5.4' of git://git.lwn.net/linuxLinus Torvalds2019-09-172-0/+56
|\ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pull documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "It's a somewhat calmer cycle for docs this time, as the churn of the mass RST conversion is happily mostly behind us. - A new document on reproducible builds. - We finally got around to zapping the documentation for hardware support that was removed in 2004; one doesn't want to rush these things. - The usual assortment of fixes, typo corrections, etc" * tag 'docs-5.4' of git://git.lwn.net/linux: (67 commits) Documentation: kbuild: Add document about reproducible builds docs: printk-formats: Stop encouraging use of unnecessary %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi] Documentation: Add "earlycon=sbi" to the admin guide doc:lock: remove reference to clever use of read-write lock devices.txt: improve entry for comedi (char major 98) docs: mtd: Update spi nor reference driver doc: arm64: fix grammar dtb placed in no attributes region Documentation: sysrq: don't recommend 'S' 'U' before 'B' mailmap: Update email address for Quentin Perret docs: ftrace: clarify when tracing is disabled by the trace file docs: process: fix broken link Documentation/arm/samsung-s3c24xx: Remove stray U+FEFF character to fix title Documentation/arm/sa1100/assabet: Fix 'make assabet_defconfig' command Documentation/arm/sa1100: Remove some obsolete documentation docs/zh_CN: update Chinese howto.rst for latexdocs making Documentation: virt: Fix broken reference to virt tree's index docs: Fix typo on pull requests guide kernel-doc: Allow anonymous enum Documentation: sphinx: Don't parse socket() as identifier reference Documentation: sphinx: Add missing comma to list of strings ...
| * | tpm: Document UEFI event log quirksJarkko Sakkinen2019-07-312-0/+56
| |/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | There are some weird quirks when it comes to UEFI event log. Provide a brief introduction to TPM event log mechanism and describe the quirks and how they can be sorted out. Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* / tpm/tpm_ftpm_tee: Document fTPM TEE driverSasha Levin2019-09-022-0/+28
|/ | | | | | | | Documentation briefly the new fTPM driver running inside TEE. Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
* docs: security: move some books to it and updateMauro Carvalho Chehab2019-07-157-3/+486
| | | | | | | | | | | The following files belong to security: Documentation/security/LSM.rst -> Documentation/security/lsm-development.rst Documentation/lsm.txt -> Documentation/security/lsm.rst Documentation/SAK.txt -> Documentation/security/sak.rst Documentation/siphash.txt -> Documentation/security/siphash.rst Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
* docs: xen-tpmfront.txt: convert it to .rstMauro Carvalho Chehab2019-07-151-47/+60
| | | | | | | | | | In order to be able to add this file to the security book, we need first to convert it to reST. While this is not part of any book, mark it as :orphan:, in order to avoid build warnings. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
* Revert "Merge tag 'keys-acl-20190703' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-07-102-106/+31
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs" This reverts merge 0f75ef6a9cff49ff612f7ce0578bced9d0b38325 (and thus effectively commits 7a1ade847596 ("keys: Provide KEYCTL_GRANT_PERMISSION") 2e12256b9a76 ("keys: Replace uid/gid/perm permissions checking with an ACL") that the merge brought in). It turns out that it breaks booting with an encrypted volume, and Eric biggers reports that it also breaks the fscrypt tests [1] and loading of in-kernel X.509 certificates [2]. The root cause of all the breakage is likely the same, but David Howells is off email so rather than try to work it out it's getting reverted in order to not impact the rest of the merge window. [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190710011559.GA7973@sol.localdomain/ [2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190710013225.GB7973@sol.localdomain/ Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAHk-=wjxoeMJfeBahnWH=9zShKp2bsVy527vo3_y8HfOdhwAAw@mail.gmail.com/ Reported-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@kernel.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Merge tag 'docs-5.3' of git://git.lwn.net/linuxLinus Torvalds2019-07-092-7/+13
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pull Documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "It's been a relatively busy cycle for docs: - A fair pile of RST conversions, many from Mauro. These create more than the usual number of simple but annoying merge conflicts with other trees, unfortunately. He has a lot more of these waiting on the wings that, I think, will go to you directly later on. - A new document on how to use merges and rebases in kernel repos, and one on Spectre vulnerabilities. - Various improvements to the build system, including automatic markup of function() references because some people, for reasons I will never understand, were of the opinion that :c:func:``function()`` is unattractive and not fun to type. - We now recommend using sphinx 1.7, but still support back to 1.4. - Lots of smaller improvements, warning fixes, typo fixes, etc" * tag 'docs-5.3' of git://git.lwn.net/linux: (129 commits) docs: automarkup.py: ignore exceptions when seeking for xrefs docs: Move binderfs to admin-guide Disable Sphinx SmartyPants in HTML output doc: RCU callback locks need only _bh, not necessarily _irq docs: format kernel-parameters -- as code Doc : doc-guide : Fix a typo platform: x86: get rid of a non-existent document Add the RCU docs to the core-api manual Documentation: RCU: Add TOC tree hooks Documentation: RCU: Rename txt files to rst Documentation: RCU: Convert RCU UP systems to reST Documentation: RCU: Convert RCU linked list to reST Documentation: RCU: Convert RCU basic concepts to reST docs: filesystems: Remove uneeded .rst extension on toctables scripts/sphinx-pre-install: fix out-of-tree build docs: zh_CN: submitting-drivers.rst: Remove a duplicated Documentation/ Documentation: PGP: update for newer HW devices Documentation: Add section about CPU vulnerabilities for Spectre Documentation: platform: Delete x86-laptop-drivers.txt docs: Note that :c:func: should no longer be used ...
| * docs: security: core.rst: Fix several warningsMauro Carvalho Chehab2019-06-081-6/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Multi-line literal markups only work when they're idented at the same level, with is not the case here: Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1597: WARNING: Inline literal start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1597: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1597: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1598: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1598: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1600: WARNING: Inline literal start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1600: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1600: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1600: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1600: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1666: WARNING: Inline literal start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1666: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1666: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Documentation/security/keys/core.rst:1666: WARNING: Inline emphasis start-string without end-string. Fix it by using a code-block instead. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
| * docs: security: trusted-encrypted.rst: fix code-block tagMauro Carvalho Chehab2019-06-081-1/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The code-block tag is at the wrong place, causing those warnings: Documentation/security/keys/trusted-encrypted.rst:112: WARNING: Literal block expected; none found. Documentation/security/keys/trusted-encrypted.rst:121: WARNING: Unexpected indentation. Documentation/security/keys/trusted-encrypted.rst:122: WARNING: Block quote ends without a blank line; unexpected unindent. Documentation/security/keys/trusted-encrypted.rst:123: WARNING: Block quote ends without a blank line; unexpected unindent. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Acked-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com> Acked-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
* | Merge branch 'next-integrity' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-07-081-3/+4
|\ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/zohar/linux-integrity Pull integrity updates from Mimi Zohar: "Bug fixes, code clean up, and new features: - IMA policy rules can be defined in terms of LSM labels, making the IMA policy dependent on LSM policy label changes, in particular LSM label deletions. The new environment, in which IMA-appraisal is being used, frequently updates the LSM policy and permits LSM label deletions. - Prevent an mmap'ed shared file opened for write from also being mmap'ed execute. In the long term, making this and other similar changes at the VFS layer would be preferable. - The IMA per policy rule template format support is needed for a couple of new/proposed features (eg. kexec boot command line measurement, appended signatures, and VFS provided file hashes). - Other than the "boot-aggregate" record in the IMA measuremeent list, all other measurements are of file data. Measuring and storing the kexec boot command line in the IMA measurement list is the first buffer based measurement included in the measurement list" * 'next-integrity' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/zohar/linux-integrity: integrity: Introduce struct evm_xattr ima: Update MAX_TEMPLATE_NAME_LEN to fit largest reasonable definition KEXEC: Call ima_kexec_cmdline to measure the boot command line args IMA: Define a new template field buf IMA: Define a new hook to measure the kexec boot command line arguments IMA: support for per policy rule template formats integrity: Fix __integrity_init_keyring() section mismatch ima: Use designated initializers for struct ima_event_data ima: use the lsm policy update notifier LSM: switch to blocking policy update notifiers x86/ima: fix the Kconfig dependency for IMA_ARCH_POLICY ima: Make arch_policy_entry static ima: prevent a file already mmap'ed write to be mmap'ed execute x86/ima: check EFI SetupMode too
| * | IMA: Define a new template field bufPrakhar Srivastava2019-06-301-3/+4
| |/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | A buffer(kexec boot command line arguments) measured into IMA measuremnt list cannot be appraised, without already being aware of the buffer contents. Since hashes are non-reversible, raw buffer is needed for validation or regenerating hash for appraisal/attestation. Add support to store/read the buffer contents in HEX. The kexec cmdline hash is stored in the "d-ng" field of the template data. It can be verified using sudo cat /sys/kernel/security/integrity/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements | grep kexec-cmdline | cut -d' ' -f 6 | xxd -r -p | sha256sum - Add two new fields to ima_event_data to hold the buf and buf_len - Add a new template field 'buf' to be used to store/read the buffer data. - Updated process_buffer_meaurement to add the buffer to ima_event_data. process_buffer_measurement added in "Define a new IMA hook to measure the boot command line arguments" - Add a new template policy name ima-buf to represent 'd-ng|n-ng|buf' Signed-off-by: Prakhar Srivastava <prsriva02@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
* | keys: Replace uid/gid/perm permissions checking with an ACLDavid Howells2019-06-272-31/+106
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Replace the uid/gid/perm permissions checking on a key with an ACL to allow the SETATTR and SEARCH permissions to be split. This will also allow a greater range of subjects to represented. ============ WHY DO THIS? ============ The problem is that SETATTR and SEARCH cover a slew of actions, not all of which should be grouped together. For SETATTR, this includes actions that are about controlling access to a key: (1) Changing a key's ownership. (2) Changing a key's security information. (3) Setting a keyring's restriction. And actions that are about managing a key's lifetime: (4) Setting an expiry time. (5) Revoking a key. and (proposed) managing a key as part of a cache: (6) Invalidating a key. Managing a key's lifetime doesn't really have anything to do with controlling access to that key. Expiry time is awkward since it's more about the lifetime of the content and so, in some ways goes better with WRITE permission. It can, however, be set unconditionally by a process with an appropriate authorisation token for instantiating a key, and can also be set by the key type driver when a key is instantiated, so lumping it with the access-controlling actions is probably okay. As for SEARCH permission, that currently covers: (1) Finding keys in a keyring tree during a search. (2) Permitting keyrings to be joined. (3) Invalidation. But these don't really belong together either, since these actions really need to be controlled separately. Finally, there are number of special cases to do with granting the administrator special rights to invalidate or clear keys that I would like to handle with the ACL rather than key flags and special checks. =============== WHAT IS CHANGED =============== The SETATTR permission is split to create two new permissions: (1) SET_SECURITY - which allows the key's owner, group and ACL to be changed and a restriction to be placed on a keyring. (2) REVOKE - which allows a key to be revoked. The SEARCH permission is split to create: (1) SEARCH - which allows a keyring to be search and a key to be found. (2) JOIN - which allows a keyring to be joined as a session keyring. (3) INVAL - which allows a key to be invalidated. The WRITE permission is also split to create: (1) WRITE - which allows a key's content to be altered and links to be added, removed and replaced in a keyring. (2) CLEAR - which allows a keyring to be cleared completely. This is split out to make it possible to give just this to an administrator. (3) REVOKE - see above. Keys acquire ACLs which consist of a series of ACEs, and all that apply are unioned together. An ACE specifies a subject, such as: (*) Possessor - permitted to anyone who 'possesses' a key (*) Owner - permitted to the key owner (*) Group - permitted to the key group (*) Everyone - permitted to everyone Note that 'Other' has been replaced with 'Everyone' on the assumption that you wouldn't grant a permit to 'Other' that you wouldn't also grant to everyone else. Further subjects may be made available by later patches. The ACE also specifies a permissions mask. The set of permissions is now: VIEW Can view the key metadata READ Can read the key content WRITE Can update/modify the key content SEARCH Can find the key by searching/requesting LINK Can make a link to the key SET_SECURITY Can change owner, ACL, expiry INVAL Can invalidate REVOKE Can revoke JOIN Can join this keyring CLEAR Can clear this keyring The KEYCTL_SETPERM function is then deprecated. The KEYCTL_SET_TIMEOUT function then is permitted if SET_SECURITY is set, or if the caller has a valid instantiation auth token. The KEYCTL_INVALIDATE function then requires INVAL. The KEYCTL_REVOKE function then requires REVOKE. The KEYCTL_JOIN_SESSION_KEYRING function then requires JOIN to join an existing keyring. The JOIN permission is enabled by default for session keyrings and manually created keyrings only. ====================== BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY ====================== To maintain backward compatibility, KEYCTL_SETPERM will translate the permissions mask it is given into a new ACL for a key - unless KEYCTL_SET_ACL has been called on that key, in which case an error will be returned. It will convert possessor, owner, group and other permissions into separate ACEs, if each portion of the mask is non-zero. SETATTR permission turns on all of INVAL, REVOKE and SET_SECURITY. WRITE permission turns on WRITE, REVOKE and, if a keyring, CLEAR. JOIN is turned on if a keyring is being altered. The KEYCTL_DESCRIBE function translates the ACL back into a permissions mask to return depending on possessor, owner, group and everyone ACEs. It will make the following mappings: (1) INVAL, JOIN -> SEARCH (2) SET_SECURITY -> SETATTR (3) REVOKE -> WRITE if SETATTR isn't already set (4) CLEAR -> WRITE Note that the value subsequently returned by KEYCTL_DESCRIBE may not match the value set with KEYCTL_SETATTR. ======= TESTING ======= This passes the keyutils testsuite for all but a couple of tests: (1) tests/keyctl/dh_compute/badargs: The first wrong-key-type test now returns EOPNOTSUPP rather than ENOKEY as READ permission isn't removed if the type doesn't have ->read(). You still can't actually read the key. (2) tests/keyctl/permitting/valid: The view-other-permissions test doesn't work as Other has been replaced with Everyone in the ACL. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* | keys: Pass the network namespace into request_key mechanismDavid Howells2019-06-272-14/+43
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Create a request_key_net() function and use it to pass the network namespace domain tag into DNS revolver keys and rxrpc/AFS keys so that keys for different domains can coexist in the same keyring. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org cc: linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org cc: linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org cc: linux-afs@lists.infradead.org
* | keys: Add a 'recurse' flag for keyring searchesDavid Howells2019-06-261-4/+6
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a 'recurse' flag for keyring searches so that the flag can be omitted and recursion disabled, thereby allowing just the nominated keyring to be searched and none of the children. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* | keys: Kill off request_key_async{,_with_auxdata}David Howells2019-06-262-53/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | Kill off request_key_async{,_with_auxdata}() as they're not currently used. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* | keys: Cache result of request_key*() temporarily in task_structDavid Howells2019-06-191-1/+6
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | If a filesystem uses keys to hold authentication tokens, then it needs a token for each VFS operation that might perform an authentication check - either by passing it to the server, or using to perform a check based on authentication data cached locally. For open files this isn't a problem, since the key should be cached in the file struct since it represents the subject performing operations on that file descriptor. During pathwalk, however, there isn't anywhere to cache the key, except perhaps in the nameidata struct - but that isn't exposed to the filesystems. Further, a pathwalk can incur a lot of operations, calling one or more of the following, for instance: ->lookup() ->permission() ->d_revalidate() ->d_automount() ->get_acl() ->getxattr() on each dentry/inode it encounters - and each one may need to call request_key(). And then, at the end of pathwalk, it will call the actual operation: ->mkdir() ->mknod() ->getattr() ->open() ... which may need to go and get the token again. However, it is very likely that all of the operations on a single dentry/inode - and quite possibly a sequence of them - will all want to use the same authentication token, which suggests that caching it would be a good idea. To this end: (1) Make it so that a positive result of request_key() and co. that didn't require upcalling to userspace is cached temporarily in task_struct. (2) The cache is 1 deep, so a new result displaces the old one. (3) The key is released by exit and by notify-resume. (4) The cache is cleared in a newly forked process. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* | keys: Provide request_key_rcu()David Howells2019-06-192-0/+19
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Provide a request_key_rcu() function that can be used to request a key under RCU conditions. It can only search and check permissions; it cannot allocate a new key, upcall or wait for an upcall to complete. It may return a partially constructed key. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* | keys: Move the RCU locks outwards from the keyring search functionsDavid Howells2019-06-191-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Move the RCU locks outwards from the keyring search functions so that it will become possible to provide an RCU-capable partial request_key() function in a later commit. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* | keys: Fix request_key() lack of Link perm check on found keyDavid Howells2019-06-191-0/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The request_key() syscall allows a process to gain access to the 'possessor' permits of any key that grants it Search permission by virtue of request_key() not checking whether a key it finds grants Link permission to the caller. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* | keys: Add a keyctl to move a key between keyringsDavid Howells2019-05-301-0/+21
|/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a keyctl to atomically move a link to a key from one keyring to another. The key must exist in "from" keyring and a flag can be given to cause the operation to fail if there's a matching key already in the "to" keyring. This can be done with: keyctl(KEYCTL_MOVE, key_serial_t key, key_serial_t from_keyring, key_serial_t to_keyring, unsigned int flags); The key being moved must grant Link permission and both keyrings must grant Write permission. flags should be 0 or KEYCTL_MOVE_EXCL, with the latter preventing displacement of a matching key from the "to" keyring. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* doc: security: Add kern-doc for lsm_hooks.hKees Cook2019-02-221-1/+4
| | | | | | | | | There is a lot of kern-doc for the LSM internals, but it wasn't visible in the HTML output. This exposes some formatting flaws in lsm_hooks.h that will be fixed in a later series of patches. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>