path: root/samples
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2022-05-12sched/tracing: Append prev_state to tp args insteadDelyan Kratunov
Commit fa2c3254d7cf (sched/tracing: Don't re-read p->state when emitting sched_switch event, 2022-01-20) added a new prev_state argument to the sched_switch tracepoint, before the prev task_struct pointer. This reordering of arguments broke BPF programs that use the raw tracepoint (e.g. tp_btf programs). The type of the second argument has changed and existing programs that assume a task_struct* argument (e.g. for bpf_task_storage access) will now fail to verify. If we instead append the new argument to the end, all existing programs would continue to work and can conditionally extract the prev_state argument on supported kernel versions. Fixes: fa2c3254d7cf (sched/tracing: Don't re-read p->state when emitting sched_switch event, 2022-01-20) Signed-off-by: Delyan Kratunov <> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (Google) <> Link:
2022-03-29Merge tag 'dma-mapping-5.18' of git:// Torvalds
Pull dma-mapping updates from Christoph Hellwig: - do not zero buffer in set_memory_decrypted (Kirill A. Shutemov) - fix return value of dma-debug __setup handlers (Randy Dunlap) - swiotlb cleanups (Robin Murphy) - remove most remaining users of the pci-dma-compat.h API (Christophe JAILLET) - share the ABI header for the DMA map_benchmark with userspace (Tian Tao) - update the maintainer for DMA MAPPING BENCHMARK (Xiang Chen) - remove CONFIG_DMA_REMAP (me) * tag 'dma-mapping-5.18' of git:// dma-mapping: benchmark: extract a common header file for map_benchmark definition dma-debug: fix return value of __setup handlers dma-mapping: remove CONFIG_DMA_REMAP media: v4l2-pci-skeleton: Remove usage of the deprecated "pci-dma-compat.h" API rapidio/tsi721: Remove usage of the deprecated "pci-dma-compat.h" API sparc: Remove usage of the deprecated "pci-dma-compat.h" API agp/intel: Remove usage of the deprecated "pci-dma-compat.h" API alpha: Remove usage of the deprecated "pci-dma-compat.h" API MAINTAINERS: update maintainer list of DMA MAPPING BENCHMARK swiotlb: simplify array allocation swiotlb: tidy up includes swiotlb: simplify debugfs setup swiotlb: do not zero buffer in set_memory_decrypted()
2022-03-28Merge tag 'livepatching-for-5.18' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull livepatching updates from Petr Mladek: - Forced transitions block only to-be-removed livepatches [Chengming] - Detect when ftrace handler could not be disabled in self-tests [David] - Calm down warning from a static analyzer [Tom] * tag 'livepatching-for-5.18' of git:// livepatch: Reorder to use before freeing a pointer livepatch: Don't block removal of patches that are safe to unload livepatch: Skip livepatch tests if ftrace cannot be configured
2022-03-28Merge tag 'driver-core-5.18-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull driver core updates from Greg KH: "Here is the set of driver core changes for 5.18-rc1. Not much here, primarily it was a bunch of cleanups and small updates: - kobj_type cleanups for default_groups - documentation updates - firmware loader minor changes - component common helper added and take advantage of it in many drivers (the largest part of this pull request). All of these have been in linux-next for a while with no reported problems" * tag 'driver-core-5.18-rc1' of git:// (54 commits) Documentation: update stable review cycle documentation drivers/base/dd.c : Remove the initial value of the global variable Documentation: update stable tree link Documentation: add link to stable release candidate tree devres: fix typos in comments Documentation: add note block surrounding security patch note samples/kobject: Use sysfs_emit instead of sprintf base: soc: Make soc_device_match() simpler and easier to read driver core: dd: fix return value of __setup handler driver core: Refactor sysfs and drv/bus remove hooks driver core: Refactor multiple copies of device cleanup scripts: Fix typo in help message kernfs: fix typos in comments kernfs: remove unneeded #if 0 guard ALSA: hda/realtek: Make use of the helper component_compare_dev_name video: omapfb: dss: Make use of the helper component_compare_dev power: supply: ab8500: Make use of the helper component_compare_dev ASoC: codecs: wcd938x: Make use of the helper component_compare/release_of iommu/mediatek: Make use of the helper component_compare/release_of drm: of: Make use of the helper component_release_of ...
2022-03-27Merge tag 'landlock-5.18-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull landlock updates from Mickaël Salaün: "These two commits contain a minor fix for the sandboxer sample, and a Landlock ruleset FD name standardization" * tag 'landlock-5.18-rc1' of git:// landlock: Use square brackets around "landlock-ruleset" samples/landlock: Fix path_list memory leak
2022-03-27Merge tag 'x86_core_for_5.18_rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull x86 CET-IBT (Control-Flow-Integrity) support from Peter Zijlstra: "Add support for Intel CET-IBT, available since Tigerlake (11th gen), which is a coarse grained, hardware based, forward edge Control-Flow-Integrity mechanism where any indirect CALL/JMP must target an ENDBR instruction or suffer #CP. Additionally, since Alderlake (12th gen)/Sapphire-Rapids, speculation is limited to 2 instructions (and typically fewer) on branch targets not starting with ENDBR. CET-IBT also limits speculation of the next sequential instruction after the indirect CALL/JMP [1]. CET-IBT is fundamentally incompatible with retpolines, but provides, as described above, speculation limits itself" [1] * tag 'x86_core_for_5.18_rc1' of git:// (53 commits) kvm/emulate: Fix SETcc emulation for ENDBR x86/Kconfig: Only allow CONFIG_X86_KERNEL_IBT with ld.lld >= 14.0.0 x86/Kconfig: Only enable CONFIG_CC_HAS_IBT for clang >= 14.0.0 kbuild: Fixup the IBT kbuild changes x86/Kconfig: Do not allow CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI=y with llvm-objcopy x86: Remove toolchain check for X32 ABI capability x86/alternative: Use .ibt_endbr_seal to seal indirect calls objtool: Find unused ENDBR instructions objtool: Validate IBT assumptions objtool: Add IBT/ENDBR decoding objtool: Read the NOENDBR annotation x86: Annotate idtentry_df() x86,objtool: Move the ASM_REACHABLE annotation to objtool.h x86: Annotate call_on_stack() objtool: Rework ASM_REACHABLE x86: Mark __invalid_creds() __noreturn exit: Mark do_group_exit() __noreturn x86: Mark stop_this_cpu() __noreturn objtool: Ignore extra-symbol code objtool: Rename --duplicate to --lto ...
2022-03-24Merge tag 'net-next-5.18' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull networking updates from Jakub Kicinski: "The sprinkling of SPI drivers is because we added a new one and Mark sent us a SPI driver interface conversion pull request. Core ---- - Introduce XDP multi-buffer support, allowing the use of XDP with jumbo frame MTUs and combination with Rx coalescing offloads (LRO). - Speed up netns dismantling (5x) and lower the memory cost a little. Remove unnecessary per-netns sockets. Scope some lists to a netns. Cut down RCU syncing. Use batch methods. Allow netdev registration to complete out of order. - Support distinguishing timestamp types (ingress vs egress) and maintaining them across packet scrubbing points (e.g. redirect). - Continue the work of annotating packet drop reasons throughout the stack. - Switch netdev error counters from an atomic to dynamically allocated per-CPU counters. - Rework a few preempt_disable(), local_irq_save() and busy waiting sections problematic on PREEMPT_RT. - Extend the ref_tracker to allow catching use-after-free bugs. BPF --- - Introduce "packing allocator" for BPF JIT images. JITed code is marked read only, and used to be allocated at page granularity. Custom allocator allows for more efficient memory use, lower iTLB pressure and prevents identity mapping huge pages from getting split. - Make use of BTF type annotations (e.g. __user, __percpu) to enforce the correct probe read access method, add appropriate helpers. - Convert the BPF preload to use light skeleton and drop the user-mode-driver dependency. - Allow XDP BPF_PROG_RUN test infra to send real packets, enabling its use as a packet generator. - Allow local storage memory to be allocated with GFP_KERNEL if called from a hook allowed to sleep. - Introduce fprobe (multi kprobe) to speed up mass attachment (arch bits to come later). - Add unstable conntrack lookup helpers for BPF by using the BPF kfunc infra. - Allow cgroup BPF progs to return custom errors to user space. - Add support for AF_UNIX iterator batching. - Allow iterator programs to use sleepable helpers. - Support JIT of add, and, or, xor and xchg atomic ops on arm64. - Add BTFGen support to bpftool which allows to use CO-RE in kernels without BTF info. - Large number of libbpf API improvements, cleanups and deprecations. Protocols --------- - Micro-optimize UDPv6 Tx, gaining up to 5% in test on dummy netdev. - Adjust TSO packet sizes based on min_rtt, allowing very low latency links (data centers) to always send full-sized TSO super-frames. - Make IPv6 flow label changes (AKA hash rethink) more configurable, via sysctl and setsockopt. Distinguish between server and client behavior. - VxLAN support to "collect metadata" devices to terminate only configured VNIs. This is similar to VLAN filtering in the bridge. - Support inserting IPv6 IOAM information to a fraction of frames. - Add protocol attribute to IP addresses to allow identifying where given address comes from (kernel-generated, DHCP etc.) - Support setting socket and IPv6 options via cmsg on ping6 sockets. - Reject mis-use of ECN bits in IP headers as part of DSCP/TOS. Define dscp_t and stop taking ECN bits into account in fib-rules. - Add support for locked bridge ports (for 802.1X). - tun: support NAPI for packets received from batched XDP buffs, doubling the performance in some scenarios. - IPv6 extension header handling in Open vSwitch. - Support IPv6 control message load balancing in bonding, prevent neighbor solicitation and advertisement from using the wrong port. Support NS/NA monitor selection similar to existing ARP monitor. - SMC - improve performance with TCP_CORK and sendfile() - support auto-corking - support TCP_NODELAY - MCTP (Management Component Transport Protocol) - add user space tag control interface - I2C binding driver (as specified by DMTF DSP0237) - Multi-BSSID beacon handling in AP mode for WiFi. - Bluetooth: - handle MSFT Monitor Device Event - add MGMT Adv Monitor Device Found/Lost events - Multi-Path TCP: - add support for the SO_SNDTIMEO socket option - lots of selftest cleanups and improvements - Increase the max PDU size in CAN ISOTP to 64 kB. Driver API ---------- - Add HW counters for SW netdevs, a mechanism for devices which offload packet forwarding to report packet statistics back to software interfaces such as tunnels. - Select the default NIC queue count as a fraction of number of physical CPU cores, instead of hard-coding to 8. - Expose devlink instance locks to drivers. Allow device layer of drivers to use that lock directly instead of creating their own which always runs into ordering issues in devlink callbacks. - Add header/data split indication to guide user space enabling of TCP zero-copy Rx. - Allow configuring completion queue event size. - Refactor page_pool to enable fragmenting after allocation. - Add allocation and page reuse statistics to page_pool. - Improve Multiple Spanning Trees support in the bridge to allow reuse of topologies across VLANs, saving HW resources in switches. - DSA (Distributed Switch Architecture): - replay and offload of host VLAN entries - offload of static and local FDB entries on LAG interfaces - FDB isolation and unicast filtering New hardware / drivers ---------------------- - Ethernet: - LAN937x T1 PHYs - Davicom DM9051 SPI NIC driver - Realtek RTL8367S, RTL8367RB-VB switch and MDIO - Microchip ksz8563 switches - Netronome NFP3800 SmartNICs - Fungible SmartNICs - MediaTek MT8195 switches - WiFi: - mt76: MediaTek mt7916 - mt76: MediaTek mt7921u USB adapters - brcmfmac: Broadcom BCM43454/6 - Mobile: - iosm: Intel M.2 7360 WWAN card Drivers ------- - Convert many drivers to the new phylink API built for split PCS designs but also simplifying other cases. - Intel Ethernet NICs: - add TTY for GNSS module for E810T device - improve AF_XDP performance - GTP-C and GTP-U filter offload - QinQ VLAN support - Mellanox Ethernet NICs (mlx5): - support xdp->data_meta - multi-buffer XDP - offload tc push_eth and pop_eth actions - Netronome Ethernet NICs (nfp): - flow-independent tc action hardware offload (police / meter) - AF_XDP - Other Ethernet NICs: - at803x: fiber and SFP support - xgmac: mdio: preamble suppression and custom MDC frequencies - r8169: enable ASPM L1.2 if system vendor flags it as safe - macb/gem: ZynqMP SGMII - hns3: add TX push mode - dpaa2-eth: software TSO - lan743x: multi-queue, mdio, SGMII, PTP - axienet: NAPI and GRO support - Mellanox Ethernet switches (mlxsw): - source and dest IP address rewrites - RJ45 ports - Marvell Ethernet switches (prestera): - basic routing offload - multi-chain TC ACL offload - NXP embedded Ethernet switches (ocelot & felix): - PTP over UDP with the ocelot-8021q DSA tagging protocol - basic QoS classification on Felix DSA switch using dcbnl - port mirroring for ocelot switches - Microchip high-speed industrial Ethernet (sparx5): - offloading of bridge port flooding flags - PTP Hardware Clock - Other embedded switches: - lan966x: PTP Hardward Clock - qca8k: mdio read/write operations via crafted Ethernet packets - Qualcomm 802.11ax WiFi (ath11k): - add LDPC FEC type and 802.11ax High Efficiency data in radiotap - enable RX PPDU stats in monitor co-exist mode - Intel WiFi (iwlwifi): - UHB TAS enablement via BIOS - band disablement via BIOS - channel switch offload - 32 Rx AMPDU sessions in newer devices - MediaTek WiFi (mt76): - background radar detection - thermal management improvements on mt7915 - SAR support for more mt76 platforms - MBSSID and 6 GHz band on mt7915 - RealTek WiFi: - rtw89: AP mode - rtw89: 160 MHz channels and 6 GHz band - rtw89: hardware scan - Bluetooth: - mt7921s: wake on Bluetooth, SCO over I2S, wide-band-speed (WBS) - Microchip CAN (mcp251xfd): - multiple RX-FIFOs and runtime configurable RX/TX rings - internal PLL, runtime PM handling simplification - improve chip detection and error handling after wakeup" * tag 'net-next-5.18' of git:// (2521 commits) llc: fix netdevice reference leaks in llc_ui_bind() drivers: ethernet: cpsw: fix panic when interrupt coaleceing is set via ethtool ice: don't allow to run ice_send_event_to_aux() in atomic ctx ice: fix 'scheduling while atomic' on aux critical err interrupt net/sched: fix incorrect vlan_push_eth dest field net: bridge: mst: Restrict info size queries to bridge ports net: marvell: prestera: add missing destroy_workqueue() in prestera_module_init() drivers: net: xgene: Fix regression in CRC stripping net: geneve: add missing netlink policy and size for IFLA_GENEVE_INNER_PROTO_INHERIT net: dsa: fix missing host-filtered multicast addresses net/mlx5e: Fix build warning, detected write beyond size of field iwlwifi: mvm: Don't fail if PPAG isn't supported selftests/bpf: Fix kprobe_multi test. Revert "rethook: x86: Add rethook x86 implementation" Revert "arm64: rethook: Add arm64 rethook implementation" Revert "powerpc: Add rethook support" Revert "ARM: rethook: Add rethook arm implementation" netdevice: add missing dm_private kdoc net: bridge: mst: prevent NULL deref in br_mst_info_size() selftests: forwarding: Use same VRF for port and VLAN upper ...
2022-03-23Merge tag 'trace-v5.18' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: - New user_events interface. User space can register an event with the kernel describing the format of the event. Then it will receive a byte in a page mapping that it can check against. A privileged task can then enable that event like any other event, which will change the mapped byte to true, telling the user space application to start writing the event to the tracing buffer. - Add new "ftrace_boot_snapshot" kernel command line parameter. When set, the tracing buffer will be saved in the snapshot buffer at boot up when the kernel hands things over to user space. This will keep the traces that happened at boot up available even if user space boot up has tracing as well. - Have TRACE_EVENT_ENUM() also update trace event field type descriptions. Thus if a static array defines its size with an enum, the user space trace event parsers can still know how to parse that array. - Add new TRACE_CUSTOM_EVENT() macro. This acts the same as the TRACE_EVENT() macro, but will attach to an existing tracepoint. This will make one tracepoint be able to trace different content and not be stuck at only what the original TRACE_EVENT() macro exports. - Fixes to tracing error logging. - Better saving of cmdlines to PIDs when tracing (use the wakeup events for mapping). * tag 'trace-v5.18' of git:// (30 commits) tracing: Have type enum modifications copy the strings user_events: Add trace event call as root for low permission cases tracing/user_events: Use alloc_pages instead of kzalloc() for register pages tracing: Add snapshot at end of kernel boot up tracing: Have TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM affect trace event types as well tracing: Fix strncpy warning in trace_events_synth.c user_events: Prevent dyn_event delete racing with ioctl add/delete tracing: Add TRACE_CUSTOM_EVENT() macro tracing: Move the defines to create TRACE_EVENTS into their own files tracing: Add sample code for custom trace events tracing: Allow custom events to be added to the tracefs directory tracing: Fix last_cmd_set() string management in histogram code user_events: Fix potential uninitialized pointer while parsing field tracing: Fix allocation of last_cmd in last_cmd_set() user_events: Add documentation file user_events: Add sample code for typical usage user_events: Add self-test for validator boundaries user_events: Add self-test for perf_event integration user_events: Add self-test for dynamic_events integration user_events: Add self-test for ftrace integration ...
2022-03-23livepatch: Reorder to use before freeing a pointerTom Rix
Clang static analysis reports this issue livepatch-shadow-fix1.c:113:2: warning: Use of memory after it is freed pr_info("%s: dummy @ %p, prevented leak @ %p\n", ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The pointer is freed in the previous statement. Reorder the pr_info to report before the free. Similar issue in livepatch-shadow-fix2.c Note that it is a false positive. pr_info() just prints the address. The freed memory is not accessed. Well, the static analyzer could not know this easily. Signed-off-by: Tom Rix <> Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <> Acked-by: David Vernet <> Acked-by: Joe Lawrence <> [ Note about that it was false positive.] Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <> Link:
2022-03-18samples/kobject: Use sysfs_emit instead of sprintfNguyen Dinh Phi
sysfs_emit() is preferred over sprintf() when formatting the value to be returned to user space in show() functions, because it knows about sysfs buffer specifics and has sanity checks. Signed-off-by: Nguyen Dinh Phi <> Link: Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2022-03-17fprobe: Add sample program for fprobeMasami Hiramatsu
Add a sample program for the fprobe. The sample_fprobe puts a fprobe on kernel_clone() by default. This dump stack and some called address info at the function entry and exit. The sample_fprobe.ko gets 2 parameters. - symbol: you can specify the comma separated symbols or wildcard symbol pattern (in this case you can not use comma) - stackdump: a bool value to enable or disable stack dump in the fprobe handler. Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (Google) <> Tested-by: Steven Rostedt (Google) <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2022-03-15samples/bpf, xdpsock: Fix race when running for fix duration of timeNiklas Söderlund
When running xdpsock for a fix duration of time before terminating using --duration=<n>, there is a race condition that may cause xdpsock to terminate immediately. When running for a fixed duration of time the check to determine when to terminate execution is in is_benchmark_done() and is being executed in the context of the poller thread, if (opt_duration > 0) { unsigned long dt = (get_nsecs() - start_time); if (dt >= opt_duration) benchmark_done = true; } However start_time is only set after the poller thread have been created. This leaves a small window when the poller thread is starting and calls is_benchmark_done() for the first time that start_time is not yet set. In that case start_time have its initial value of 0 and the duration check fails as it do not correlate correctly for the applications start time and immediately sets benchmark_done which in turn terminates the xdpsock application. Fix this by setting start_time before creating the poller thread. Fixes: d3f11b018f6c ("samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add duration option to specify how long to run") Signed-off-by: Niklas Söderlund <> Signed-off-by: Simon Horman <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Link:
2022-03-15x86/ibt,ftrace: Add ENDBR to samples/ftracePeter Zijlstra
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <> Acked-by: Josh Poimboeuf <> Link:
2022-03-11tracing: Add TRACE_CUSTOM_EVENT() macroSteven Rostedt (Google)
To make it really easy to add custom events from modules, add a TRACE_CUSTOM_EVENT() macro that acts just like the TRACE_EVENT() macro, but creates a custom event to an already existing tracepoint. The trace_custom_sched.[ch] has been updated to use this new macro to show how simple it is. Link: Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Joel Fernandes <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <> Cc: Tom Zanussi <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (Google) <>
2022-03-11tracing: Add sample code for custom trace eventsSteven Rostedt (Google)
Add sample code to show how to create custom trace events in the tracefs directory that can be enabled and modified like any event in tracefs (including triggers, histograms, synthetic events and event probes). The example is creating a custom sched_switch and a sched_waking to limit what is recorded: If the custom sched switch only records the prev_prio, next_prio and next_pid, it can bring the size from 64 bytes per event, down to just 16 bytes! If sched_waking only records the prio and pid of the woken event, it will bring the size down from 36 bytes to 12 bytes per event. This will allow for a much smaller footprint into the ring buffer and keep more events from dropping. Link: Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <> Cc: Tom Zanussi <> Suggested-by: Joel Fernandes <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (Google) <>
2022-02-25media: v4l2-pci-skeleton: Remove usage of the deprecated "pci-dma-compat.h" APIChristophe JAILLET
In [1], Christoph Hellwig has proposed to remove the wrappers in include/linux/pci-dma-compat.h. Some reasons why this API should be removed have been given by Julia Lawall in [2]. A coccinelle script has been used to perform the needed transformation. It can be found in [3]. [1]: [2]: [3]: Signed-off-by: Christophe JAILLET <> Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <>
2022-02-17Merge git:// Kicinski
No conflicts. Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <>
2022-02-10user_events: Add sample code for typical usageBeau Belgrave
Add sample code for user_events typical usage to show how to register and monitor status, as well as to write out data. Link: Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <> Signed-off-by: Beau Belgrave <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (Google) <>
2022-02-10samples/seccomp: Adjust sample to also provide kill optionKees Cook
As a quick way to test SECCOMP_RET_KILL, have a negative errno mean to kill the process. While we're in here, also swap the arch and syscall arguments so they're ordered more like how seccomp filters order them. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <>
2022-02-04samples/landlock: Fix path_list memory leakTom Rix
Clang static analysis reports this error sandboxer.c:134:8: warning: Potential leak of memory pointed to by 'path_list' ret = 0; ^ path_list is allocated in parse_path() but never freed. Signed-off-by: Tom Rix <> Link: Cc: Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <>
2022-02-03samples/bpf: Get rid of bpf_prog_load_xattr() useAndrii Nakryiko
Remove all the remaining uses of deprecated bpf_prog_load_xattr() API. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Reviewed-by: Quentin Monnet <> Link:
2022-02-01samples/bpf: Update cpumap/devmap sec_nameLorenzo Bianconi
Substitute deprecated xdp_cpumap and xdp_devmap sec_name with xdp/cpumap and xdp/devmap respectively. Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Bianconi <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2022-01-25samples/bpf: use preferred getters/setters instead of deprecated onesAndrii Nakryiko
Use preferred setter and getter APIs instead of deprecated ones. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link: Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <>
2022-01-24Merge Kicinski
Daniel Borkmann says: ==================== pull-request: bpf-next 2022-01-24 We've added 80 non-merge commits during the last 14 day(s) which contain a total of 128 files changed, 4990 insertions(+), 895 deletions(-). The main changes are: 1) Add XDP multi-buffer support and implement it for the mvneta driver, from Lorenzo Bianconi, Eelco Chaudron and Toke Høiland-Jørgensen. 2) Add unstable conntrack lookup helpers for BPF by using the BPF kfunc infra, from Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi. 3) Extend BPF cgroup programs to export custom ret value to userspace via two helpers bpf_get_retval() and bpf_set_retval(), from YiFei Zhu. 4) Add support for AF_UNIX iterator batching, from Kuniyuki Iwashima. 5) Complete missing UAPI BPF helper description and change script to enforce consistent & complete helper documentation, from Usama Arif. 6) Deprecate libbpf's legacy BPF map definitions and streamline XDP APIs to follow tc-based APIs, from Andrii Nakryiko. 7) Support BPF_PROG_QUERY for BPF programs attached to sockmap, from Di Zhu. 8) Deprecate libbpf's bpf_map__def() API and replace users with proper getters and setters, from Christy Lee. 9) Extend libbpf's btf__add_btf() with an additional hashmap for strings to reduce overhead, from Kui-Feng Lee. 10) Fix bpftool and libbpf error handling related to libbpf's hashmap__new() utility function, from Mauricio Vásquez. 11) Add support to BTF program names in bpftool's program dump, from Raman Shukhau. 12) Fix resolve_btfids build to pick up host flags, from Connor O'Brien. * (80 commits) selftests, bpf: Do not yet switch to new libbpf XDP APIs selftests, xsk: Fix rx_full stats test bpf: Fix flexible_array.cocci warnings xdp: disable XDP_REDIRECT for xdp frags bpf: selftests: add CPUMAP/DEVMAP selftests for xdp frags bpf: selftests: introduce bpf_xdp_{load,store}_bytes selftest net: xdp: introduce bpf_xdp_pointer utility routine bpf: generalise tail call map compatibility check libbpf: Add SEC name for xdp frags programs bpf: selftests: update xdp_adjust_tail selftest to include xdp frags bpf: test_run: add xdp_shared_info pointer in bpf_test_finish signature bpf: introduce frags support to bpf_prog_test_run_xdp() bpf: move user_size out of bpf_test_init bpf: add frags support to xdp copy helpers bpf: add frags support to the bpf_xdp_adjust_tail() API bpf: introduce bpf_xdp_get_buff_len helper net: mvneta: enable jumbo frames if the loaded XDP program support frags bpf: introduce BPF_F_XDP_HAS_FRAGS flag in prog_flags loading the ebpf program net: mvneta: add frags support to XDP_TX xdp: add frags support to xdp_return_{buff/frame} ... ==================== Link: Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <>
2022-01-20samples/bpf: adapt samples/bpf to bpf_xdp_xxx() APIsAndrii Nakryiko
Use new bpf_xdp_*() APIs across all XDP-related BPF samples. Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link: Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <>
2022-01-20Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds
Merge more updates from Andrew Morton: "55 patches. Subsystems affected by this patch series: percpu, procfs, sysctl, misc, core-kernel, get_maintainer, lib, checkpatch, binfmt, nilfs2, hfs, fat, adfs, panic, delayacct, kconfig, kcov, and ubsan" * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <>: (55 commits) lib: remove redundant assignment to variable ret ubsan: remove CONFIG_UBSAN_OBJECT_SIZE kcov: fix generic Kconfig dependencies if ARCH_WANTS_NO_INSTR lib/Kconfig.debug: make TEST_KMOD depend on PAGE_SIZE_LESS_THAN_256KB btrfs: use generic Kconfig option for 256kB page size limit arch/Kconfig: split PAGE_SIZE_LESS_THAN_256KB from PAGE_SIZE_LESS_THAN_64KB configs: introduce debug.config for CI-like setup delayacct: track delays from memory compact Documentation/accounting/delay-accounting.rst: add thrashing page cache and direct compact delayacct: cleanup flags in struct task_delay_info and functions use it delayacct: fix incomplete disable operation when switch enable to disable delayacct: support swapin delay accounting for swapping without blkio panic: remove oops_id panic: use error_report_end tracepoint on warnings fs/adfs: remove unneeded variable make code cleaner FAT: use io_schedule_timeout() instead of congestion_wait() hfsplus: use struct_group_attr() for memcpy() region nilfs2: remove redundant pointer sbufs fs/binfmt_elf: use PT_LOAD p_align values for static PIE const_structs.checkpatch: add frequently used ops structs ...
2022-01-20samples/bpf/test_overhead_kprobe_kern: replace bpf_probe_read_kernel with ↵Yafang Shao
bpf_probe_read_kernel_str to get task comm bpf_probe_read_kernel_str() will add a nul terminator to the dst, then we don't care about if the dst size is big enough. This patch also replaces the hard-coded 16 with TASK_COMM_LEN to make it grepable. Link: Signed-off-by: Yafang Shao <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <> Cc: Andrii Nakryiko <> Cc: Michal Miroslaw <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Steven Rostedt <> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <> Cc: David Hildenbrand <> Cc: Al Viro <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: Petr Mladek <> Cc: Dennis Dalessandro <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2022-01-16Merge tag 'trace-v5.17' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: "New: - The Real Time Linux Analysis (RTLA) tool is added to the tools directory. - Can safely filter on user space pointers with: field.ustring ~ "match-string" - eprobes can now be filtered like any other event. - trace_marker(_raw) now uses stream_open() to allow multiple threads to safely write to it. Note, this could possibly break existing user space, but we will not know until we hear about it, and then can revert the change if need be. - New field in events to display when bottom halfs are disabled. - Sorting of the ftrace functions are now done at compile time instead of at bootup. Infrastructure changes to support future efforts: - Added __rel_loc type for trace events. Similar to __data_loc but the offset to the dynamic data is based off of the location of the descriptor and not the beginning of the event. Needed for user defined events. - Some simplification of event trigger code. - Make synthetic events process its callback better to not hinder other event callbacks that are registered. Needed for user defined events. And other small fixes and cleanups" * tag 'trace-v5.17' of git:// (50 commits) tracing: Add ustring operation to filtering string pointers rtla: Add rtla timerlat hist documentation rtla: Add rtla timerlat top documentation rtla: Add rtla timerlat documentation rtla: Add rtla osnoise hist documentation rtla: Add rtla osnoise top documentation rtla: Add rtla osnoise man page rtla: Add Documentation rtla/timerlat: Add timerlat hist mode rtla: Add timerlat tool and timelart top mode rtla/osnoise: Add the hist mode rtla/osnoise: Add osnoise top mode rtla: Add osnoise tool rtla: Helper functions for rtla rtla: Real-Time Linux Analysis tool tracing/osnoise: Properly unhook events if start_per_cpu_kthreads() fails tracing: Remove duplicate warnings when calling trace_create_file() tracing/kprobes: 'nmissed' not showed correctly for kretprobe tracing: Add test for user space strings when filtering on string pointers tracing: Have syscall trace events use trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve() ...
2022-01-14Merge tag 'char-misc-5.17-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull char/misc and other driver updates from Greg KH: "Here is the large set of char, misc, and other "small" driver subsystem changes for 5.17-rc1. Lots of different things are in here for char/misc drivers such as: - habanalabs driver updates - mei driver updates - lkdtm driver updates - vmw_vmci driver updates - android binder driver updates - other small char/misc driver updates Also smaller driver subsystems have also been updated, including: - fpga subsystem updates - iio subsystem updates - soundwire subsystem updates - extcon subsystem updates - gnss subsystem updates - phy subsystem updates - coresight subsystem updates - firmware subsystem updates - comedi subsystem updates - mhi subsystem updates - speakup subsystem updates - rapidio subsystem updates - spmi subsystem updates - virtual driver updates - counter subsystem updates Too many individual changes to summarize, the shortlog contains the full details. All of these have been in linux-next for a while with no reported issues" * tag 'char-misc-5.17-rc1' of git:// (406 commits) counter: 104-quad-8: Fix use-after-free by quad8_irq_handler dt-bindings: mux: Document mux-states property dt-bindings: ti-serdes-mux: Add defines for J721S2 SoC counter: remove old and now unused registration API counter: ti-eqep: Convert to new counter registration counter: stm32-lptimer-cnt: Convert to new counter registration counter: stm32-timer-cnt: Convert to new counter registration counter: microchip-tcb-capture: Convert to new counter registration counter: ftm-quaddec: Convert to new counter registration counter: intel-qep: Convert to new counter registration counter: interrupt-cnt: Convert to new counter registration counter: 104-quad-8: Convert to new counter registration counter: Update documentation for new counter registration functions counter: Provide alternative counter registration functions counter: stm32-timer-cnt: Convert to counter_priv() wrapper counter: stm32-lptimer-cnt: Convert to counter_priv() wrapper counter: ti-eqep: Convert to counter_priv() wrapper counter: ftm-quaddec: Convert to counter_priv() wrapper counter: intel-qep: Convert to counter_priv() wrapper counter: microchip-tcb-capture: Convert to counter_priv() wrapper ...
2022-01-13tracing: Fix mismatched comment in __string_lenGeliang Tang
Here __assign_str_len() should be used for the __string_len type, instead of __assign_str() in the comment. Link: Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <> Fixes: 883b4aee4dec6 ("tracing: Add trace_event helper macros __string_len() and __assign_str_len()") Signed-off-by: Geliang Tang <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>
2022-01-12samples/bpf: Stop using bpf_map__def() APIChristy Lee
libbpf bpf_map__def() API is being deprecated, replace samples/bpf's usage with the appropriate getters and setters. Signed-off-by: Christy Lee <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2022-01-12Merge tag 'x86_core_for_v5.17_rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull x86 core updates from Borislav Petkov: - Get rid of all the .fixup sections because this generates misleading/wrong stacktraces and confuse RELIABLE_STACKTRACE and LIVEPATCH as the backtrace misses the function which is being fixed up. - Add Straight Line Speculation mitigation support which uses a new compiler switch -mharden-sls= which sticks an INT3 after a RET or an indirect branch in order to block speculation after them. Reportedly, CPUs do speculate behind such insns. - The usual set of cleanups and improvements * tag 'x86_core_for_v5.17_rc1' of git:// (32 commits) x86/entry_32: Fix segment exceptions objtool: Remove .fixup handling x86: Remove .fixup section x86/word-at-a-time: Remove .fixup usage x86/usercopy: Remove .fixup usage x86/usercopy_32: Simplify __copy_user_intel_nocache() x86/sgx: Remove .fixup usage x86/checksum_32: Remove .fixup usage x86/vmx: Remove .fixup usage x86/kvm: Remove .fixup usage x86/segment: Remove .fixup usage x86/fpu: Remove .fixup usage x86/xen: Remove .fixup usage x86/uaccess: Remove .fixup usage x86/futex: Remove .fixup usage x86/msr: Remove .fixup usage x86/extable: Extend extable functionality x86/entry_32: Remove .fixup usage x86/entry_64: Remove .fixup usage x86/copy_mc_64: Remove .fixup usage ...
2022-01-10Merge tag '5.17-net-next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull networking updates from Jakub Kicinski: "Core ---- - Defer freeing TCP skbs to the BH handler, whenever possible, or at least perform the freeing outside of the socket lock section to decrease cross-CPU allocator work and improve latency. - Add netdevice refcount tracking to locate sources of netdevice and net namespace refcount leaks. - Make Tx watchdog less intrusive - avoid pausing Tx and restarting all queues from a single CPU removing latency spikes. - Various small optimizations throughout the stack from Eric Dumazet. - Make netdev->dev_addr[] constant, force modifications to go via appropriate helpers to allow us to keep addresses in ordered data structures. - Replace unix_table_lock with per-hash locks, improving performance of bind() calls. - Extend skb drop tracepoint with a drop reason. - Allow SO_MARK and SO_PRIORITY setsockopt under CAP_NET_RAW. BPF --- - New helpers: - bpf_find_vma(), find and inspect VMAs for profiling use cases - bpf_loop(), runtime-bounded loop helper trading some execution time for much faster (if at all converging) verification - bpf_strncmp(), improve performance, avoid compiler flakiness - bpf_get_func_arg(), bpf_get_func_ret(), bpf_get_func_arg_cnt() for tracing programs, all inlined by the verifier - Support BPF relocations (CO-RE) in the kernel loader. - Further the support for BTF_TYPE_TAG annotations. - Allow access to local storage in sleepable helpers. - Convert verifier argument types to a composable form with different attributes which can be shared across types (ro, maybe-null). - Prepare libbpf for upcoming v1.0 release by cleaning up APIs, creating new, extensible ones where missing and deprecating those to be removed. Protocols --------- - WiFi (mac80211/cfg80211): - notify user space about long "come back in N" AP responses, allow it to react to such temporary rejections - allow non-standard VHT MCS 10/11 rates - use coarse time in airtime fairness code to save CPU cycles - Bluetooth: - rework of HCI command execution serialization to use a common queue and work struct, and improve handling errors reported in the middle of a batch of commands - rework HCI event handling to use skb_pull_data, avoiding packet parsing pitfalls - support AOSP Bluetooth Quality Report - SMC: - support net namespaces, following the RDMA model - improve connection establishment latency by pre-clearing buffers - introduce TCP ULP for automatic redirection to SMC - Multi-Path TCP: - support ioctls: SIOCINQ, OUTQ, and OUTQNSD - support socket options: IP_TOS, IP_FREEBIND, IP_TRANSPARENT, IPV6_FREEBIND, and IPV6_TRANSPARENT, TCP_CORK and TCP_NODELAY - support cmsgs: TCP_INQ - improvements in the data scheduler (assigning data to subflows) - support fastclose option (quick shutdown of the full MPTCP connection, similar to TCP RST in regular TCP) - MCTP (Management Component Transport) over serial, as defined by DMTF spec DSP0253 - "MCTP Serial Transport Binding". Driver API ---------- - Support timestamping on bond interfaces in active/passive mode. - Introduce generic phylink link mode validation for drivers which don't have any quirks and where MAC capability bits fully express what's supported. Allow PCS layer to participate in the validation. Convert a number of drivers. - Add support to set/get size of buffers on the Rx rings and size of the tx copybreak buffer via ethtool. - Support offloading TC actions as first-class citizens rather than only as attributes of filters, improve sharing and device resource utilization. - WiFi (mac80211/cfg80211): - support forwarding offload (ndo_fill_forward_path) - support for background radar detection hardware - SA Query Procedures offload on the AP side New hardware / drivers ---------------------- - tsnep - FPGA based TSN endpoint Ethernet MAC used in PLCs with real-time requirements for isochronous communication with protocols like OPC UA Pub/Sub. - Qualcomm BAM-DMUX WWAN - driver for data channels of modems integrated into many older Qualcomm SoCs, e.g. MSM8916 or MSM8974 (qcom_bam_dmux). - Microchip LAN966x multi-port Gigabit AVB/TSN Ethernet Switch driver with support for bridging, VLANs and multicast forwarding (lan966x). - iwlmei driver for co-operating between Intel's WiFi driver and Intel's Active Management Technology (AMT) devices. - mse102x - Vertexcom MSE102x Homeplug GreenPHY chips - Bluetooth: - MediaTek MT7921 SDIO devices - Foxconn MT7922A - Realtek RTL8852AE Drivers ------- - Significantly improve performance in the datapaths of: lan78xx, ax88179_178a, lantiq_xrx200, bnxt. - Intel Ethernet NICs: - igb: support PTP/time PEROUT and EXTTS SDP functions on 82580/i354/i350 adapters - ixgbevf: new PF -> VF mailbox API which avoids the risk of mailbox corruption with ESXi - iavf: support configuration of VLAN features of finer granularity, stacked tags and filtering - ice: PTP support for new E822 devices with sub-ns precision - ice: support firmware activation without reboot - Mellanox Ethernet NICs (mlx5): - expose control over IRQ coalescing mode (CQE vs EQE) via ethtool - support TC forwarding when tunnel encap and decap happen between two ports of the same NIC - dynamically size and allow disabling various features to save resources for running in embedded / SmartNIC scenarios - Broadcom Ethernet NICs (bnxt): - use page frag allocator to improve Rx performance - expose control over IRQ coalescing mode (CQE vs EQE) via ethtool - Other Ethernet NICs: - amd-xgbe: add Ryzen 6000 (Yellow Carp) Ethernet support - Microsoft cloud/virtual NIC (mana): - add XDP support (PASS, DROP, TX) - Mellanox Ethernet switches (mlxsw): - initial support for Spectrum-4 ASICs - VxLAN with IPv6 underlay - Marvell Ethernet switches (prestera): - support flower flow templates - add basic IP forwarding support - NXP embedded Ethernet switches (ocelot & felix): - support Per-Stream Filtering and Policing (PSFP) - enable cut-through forwarding between ports by default - support FDMA to improve packet Rx/Tx to CPU - Other embedded switches: - hellcreek: improve trapping management (STP and PTP) packets - qca8k: support link aggregation and port mirroring - Qualcomm 802.11ax WiFi (ath11k): - qca6390, wcn6855: enable 802.11 power save mode in station mode - BSS color change support - WCN6855 hw2.1 support - 11d scan offload support - scan MAC address randomization support - full monitor mode, only supported on QCN9074 - qca6390/wcn6855: report signal and tx bitrate - qca6390: rfkill support - qca6390/wcn6855: regdb.bin support - Intel WiFi (iwlwifi): - support SAR GEO Offset Mapping (SGOM) and Time-Aware-SAR (TAS) in cooperation with the BIOS - support for Optimized Connectivity Experience (OCE) scan - support firmware API version 68 - lots of preparatory work for the upcoming Bz device family - MediaTek WiFi (mt76): - Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) support - mt7921: 160 MHz channel support - RealTek WiFi (rtw88): - Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) support - scan offload - Other WiFi NICs - ath10k: support fetching (pre-)calibration data from nvmem - brcmfmac: configure keep-alive packet on suspend - wcn36xx: beacon filter support" * tag '5.17-net-next' of git:// (2048 commits) tcp: tcp_send_challenge_ack delete useless param `skb` net/qla3xxx: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration rocker: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration hinic: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration lan743x: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration net: enetc: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration cxgb4vf: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration cxgb4: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration cxgb3: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration bnx2x: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration et131x: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration be2net: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration vmxnet3: Remove useless DMA-32 fallback configuration bna: Simplify DMA setting net: alteon: Simplify DMA setting myri10ge: Simplify DMA setting qlcnic: Simplify DMA setting net: allwinner: Fix print format page_pool: remove spinlock in page_pool_refill_alloc_cache() amt: fix wrong return type of amt_send_membership_update() ...
2022-01-05samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add timestamp for Tx-only operationOng Boon Leong
It may be useful to add timestamp for Tx packets for continuous or cyclic transmit operation. The timestamp and sequence ID of a Tx packet are stored according to pktgen header format. To enable per-packet timestamp, use -y|--tstamp option. If timestamp is off, pktgen header is not included in the UDP payload. This means receiving side can use the magic number for pktgen for differentiation. The implementation supports both VLAN tagged and untagged option. By default, the minimum packet size is set at 64B. However, if VLAN tagged is on (-V), the minimum packet size is increased to 66B just so to fit the pktgen_hdr size. Added hex_dump() into the code path just for future cross-checking. As before, simply change to "#define DEBUG_HEXDUMP 1" to inspect the accuracy of TX packet. Signed-off-by: Ong Boon Leong <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2022-01-05samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add time-out for cleaning TxOng Boon Leong
When user sets tx-pkt-count and in case where there are invalid Tx frame, the complete_tx_only_all() process polls indefinitely. So, this patch adds a time-out mechanism into the process so that the application can terminate automatically after it retries 3*polling interval duration. v1->v2: Thanks to Jesper's and Song Liu's suggestion. - clean-up git message to remove polling log - make the Tx time-out retries configurable with 1s granularity Signed-off-by: Ong Boon Leong <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2022-01-05samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add sched policy and priority supportOng Boon Leong
By default, TX schedule policy is SCHED_OTHER (round-robin time-sharing). To improve TX cyclic scheduling, we add SCHED_FIFO policy and its priority by using -W FIFO or --policy=FIFO and -U <PRIO> or --schpri=<PRIO>. A) From xdpsock --app-stats, for SCHED_OTHER policy: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -t -N -z -T 1000 -b 16 -C 100000 -a period min ave max cycle Cyclic TX 1000000 53507 75334 712642 6250 B) For SCHED_FIFO policy and schpri=50: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -t -N -z -T 1000 -b 16 -C 100000 -a -W FIFO -U 50 period min ave max cycle Cyclic TX 1000000 3699 24859 54397 6250 Signed-off-by: Ong Boon Leong <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2022-01-05samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add cyclic TX operation capabilityOng Boon Leong
Tx cycle time is in micro-seconds unit. By combining the batch size (-b M) and Tx cycle time (-T|--tx-cycle N), xdpsock now can transmit batch-size of packets every N-us periodically. Cyclic TX operation is not applicable if --poll mode is used. To transmit 16 packets every 1ms cycle time for total of 100000 packets silently: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -T -N -z -T 1000 -b 16 -C 100000 To print cyclic TX schedule variance stats, use --app-stats|-a: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -T -N -z -T 1000 -b 16 -C 100000 -a sock0@eth0:0 txonly xdp-drv pps pkts 0.00 rx 0 0 tx 0 100000 calls/s count rx empty polls 0 0 fill fail polls 0 0 copy tx sendtos 0 0 tx wakeup sendtos 0 6254 opt polls 0 0 period min ave max cycle Cyclic TX 1000000 53507 75334 712642 6250 Signed-off-by: Ong Boon Leong <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2022-01-05samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add clockid selection supportOng Boon Leong
User specifies the clock selection by using -w CLOCK or --clock=CLOCK where CLOCK=[REALTIME, TAI, BOOTTIME, MONOTONIC]. The default CLOCK selection is MONOTONIC. The implementation of clock selection parsing is borrowed from iproute2/tc/q_taprio.c Signed-off-by: Ong Boon Leong <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2022-01-05samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add Dest and Src MAC setting for Tx-only operationOng Boon Leong
To set Dest MAC address (-G|--tx-dmac) only: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -t -N -z -G aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff To set Source MAC address (-H|--tx-smac) only: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -t -N -z -H 11:22:33:44:55:66 To set both Dest and Source MAC address: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -t -N -z -G aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff \ -H 11:22:33:44:55:66 The default Dest and Source MAC address remain the same as before. Signed-off-by: Ong Boon Leong <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Song Liu <> Acked-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Link:
2022-01-05samples/bpf: xdpsock: Add VLAN support for Tx-only operationOng Boon Leong
In multi-queue environment testing, the support for VLAN-tag based steering is useful. So, this patch adds the capability to add VLAN tag (VLAN ID and Priority) to the generated Tx frame. To set the VLAN ID=10 and Priority=2 for Tx only through TxQ=3: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -t -N -z -q 3 -V -J 10 -K 2 If VLAN ID (-J) and Priority (-K) is set, it default to VLAN ID = 1 VLAN Priority = 0. For example, VLAN-tagged Tx only, xdp copy mode through TxQ=1: $ xdpsock -i eth0 -t -N -c -q 1 -V Signed-off-by: Ong Boon Leong <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Song Liu <> Link:
2022-01-05ftrace/samples: Add missing prototypes direct functionsJiri Olsa
There's another compilation fail (first here [1]) reported by kernel test robot for W=1 clang build: >> samples/ftrace/ftrace-direct-multi-modify.c:7:6: warning: no previous prototype for function 'my_direct_func1' [-Wmissing-prototypes] void my_direct_func1(unsigned long ip) Direct functions in ftrace direct sample modules need to have prototypes defined. They are already global in order to be visible for the inline assembly, so there's no problem. The kernel test robot reported just error for ftrace-direct-multi-modify, but I got same errors also for the rest of the modules touched by this patch. [1] 67d4f6e3bf5d ftrace/samples: Add missing prototype for my_direct_func Link: Reported-by: kernel test robot <> Fixes: e1067a07cfbc ("ftrace/samples: Add module to test multi direct modify interface") Fixes: ae0cc3b7e7f5 ("ftrace/samples: Add a sample module that implements modify_ftrace_direct()") Fixes: 156473a0ff4f ("ftrace: Add another example of register_ftrace_direct() use case") Fixes: b06457c83af6 ("ftrace: Add sample module that uses register_ftrace_direct()") Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>
2021-12-31Merge git:// S. Miller
Alexei Starovoitov says: ==================== pull-request: bpf-next 2021-12-30 The following pull-request contains BPF updates for your *net-next* tree. We've added 72 non-merge commits during the last 20 day(s) which contain a total of 223 files changed, 3510 insertions(+), 1591 deletions(-). The main changes are: 1) Automatic setrlimit in libbpf when bpf is memcg's in the kernel, from Andrii. 2) Beautify and de-verbose verifier logs, from Christy. 3) Composable verifier types, from Hao. 4) bpf_strncmp helper, from Hou. 5) bpf.h header dependency cleanup, from Jakub. 6) get_func_[arg|ret|arg_cnt] helpers, from Jiri. 7) Sleepable local storage, from KP. 8) Extend kfunc with PTR_TO_CTX, PTR_TO_MEM argument support, from Kumar. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2021-12-21Merge tag 'coresight-next-v5.17' of ↵Greg Kroah-Hartman into char-misc-next Mathieu writes: Coresight changes for v5.17 This pull request includes: - A patch that uses devm_bitmap_zalloc() instead of the open-coded equivalent. - Work to make coresight complex configuration loadable via modules. - Some coresight documentation updates. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Poirier <> * tag 'coresight-next-v5.17' of coresight: core: Fix typo in a comment Documentation: coresight: Update coresight configuration docs coresight: configfs: Allow configfs to activate configuration coresight: syscfg: Example CoreSight configuration loadable module coresight: syscfg: Update load API for config loadable modules coresight: configuration: Update API to permit dynamic load/unload coresight: configuration: Update API to introduce load owner concept Documentation: coresight: Fix documentation issue coresight: Use devm_bitmap_zalloc when applicable
2021-12-16Merge git:// Kicinski
No conflicts. Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <>
2021-12-14samples/bpf: Stop using bpf_object__find_program_by_title API.Kui-Feng Lee
bpf_object__find_program_by_title is going to be deprecated. Replace use cases of bpf_object__find_program_by_title in samples/bpf/ with bpf_object__for_each_program. Signed-off-by: Kui-Feng Lee <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2021-12-10Merge Kicinski
Andrii Nakryiko says: ==================== bpf-next 2021-12-10 v2 We've added 115 non-merge commits during the last 26 day(s) which contain a total of 182 files changed, 5747 insertions(+), 2564 deletions(-). The main changes are: 1) Various samples fixes, from Alexander Lobakin. 2) BPF CO-RE support in kernel and light skeleton, from Alexei Starovoitov. 3) A batch of new unified APIs for libbpf, logging improvements, version querying, etc. Also a batch of old deprecations for old APIs and various bug fixes, in preparation for libbpf 1.0, from Andrii Nakryiko. 4) BPF documentation reorganization and improvements, from Christoph Hellwig and Dave Tucker. 5) Support for declarative initialization of BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY in libbpf, from Hengqi Chen. 6) Verifier log fixes, from Hou Tao. 7) Runtime-bounded loops support with bpf_loop() helper, from Joanne Koong. 8) Extend branch record capturing to all platforms that support it, from Kajol Jain. 9) Light skeleton codegen improvements, from Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi. 10) bpftool doc-generating script improvements, from Quentin Monnet. 11) Two libbpf v0.6 bug fixes, from Shuyi Cheng and Vincent Minet. 12) Deprecation warning fix for perf/bpf_counter, from Song Liu. 13) MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT unification and MIPS build fix for libbpf, from Tiezhu Yang. 14) BTF_KING_TYPE_TAG follow-up fixes, from Yonghong Song. 15) Selftests fixes and improvements, from Ilya Leoshkevich, Jean-Philippe Brucker, Jiri Olsa, Maxim Mikityanskiy, Tirthendu Sarkar, Yucong Sun, and others. * (115 commits) libbpf: Add "bool skipped" to struct bpf_map libbpf: Fix typo in btf__dedup@LIBBPF_0.0.2 definition bpftool: Switch bpf_object__load_xattr() to bpf_object__load() selftests/bpf: Remove the only use of deprecated bpf_object__load_xattr() selftests/bpf: Add test for libbpf's custom log_buf behavior selftests/bpf: Replace all uses of bpf_load_btf() with bpf_btf_load() libbpf: Deprecate bpf_object__load_xattr() libbpf: Add per-program log buffer setter and getter libbpf: Preserve kernel error code and remove kprobe prog type guessing libbpf: Improve logging around BPF program loading libbpf: Allow passing user log setting through bpf_object_open_opts libbpf: Allow passing preallocated log_buf when loading BTF into kernel libbpf: Add OPTS-based bpf_btf_load() API libbpf: Fix bpf_prog_load() log_buf logic for log_level 0 samples/bpf: Remove unneeded variable bpf: Remove redundant assignment to pointer t selftests/bpf: Fix a compilation warning perf/bpf_counter: Use bpf_map_create instead of bpf_create_map samples: bpf: Fix 'unknown warning group' build warning on Clang samples: bpf: Fix xdp_sample_user.o linking with Clang ... ==================== Link: Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <>
2021-12-09ftrace/samples: Add module to test multi direct modify interfaceJiri Olsa
Adding ftrace-direct-multi-modify.ko kernel module that uses modify_ftrace_direct_multi API. The core functionality is taken from ftrace-direct-modify.ko kernel module and changed to fit multi direct interface. The init function creates kthread that periodically calls modify_ftrace_direct_multi to change the trampoline address for the direct ftrace_ops. The ftrace trace_pipe then shows trace from both trampolines. Link: Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Reviewed-by: Heiko Carstens <> Tested-by: Heiko Carstens <> Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <>
2021-12-09samples/bpf: Remove unneeded variableMinghao Chi
Return value directly instead of taking this in another redundant variable. Reported-by: Zeal Robot <> Signed-off-by: Minghao Chi <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2021-12-08x86: Prepare inline-asm for straight-line-speculationPeter Zijlstra
Replace all ret/retq instructions with ASM_RET in preparation of making it more than a single instruction. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <> Link:
2021-12-06samples: bpf: Fix 'unknown warning group' build warning on ClangAlexander Lobakin
Clang doesn't have 'stringop-truncation' group like GCC does, and complains about it when building samples which use xdp_sample_user infra: samples/bpf/xdp_sample_user.h:48:32: warning: unknown warning group '-Wstringop-truncation', ignored [-Wunknown-warning-option] #pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wstringop-truncation" ^ [ repeat ] Those are harmless, but avoidable when guarding it with ifdef. I could guard push/pop as well, but this would require one more ifdef cruft around a single line which I don't think is reasonable. Fixes: 156f886cf697 ("samples: bpf: Add basic infrastructure for XDP samples") Signed-off-by: Alexander Lobakin <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <> Link: