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2021-05-27kbuild: Quote OBJCOPY var to avoid a pahole call break the buildJavier Martinez Canillas
The ccache tool can be used to speed up cross-compilation, by calling the compiler and binutils through ccache. For example, following should work: $ export ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE="ccache aarch64-linux-gnu-" $ make M=drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip/ but pahole fails to extract the BTF info from DWARF, breaking the build: CC [M] drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip//rockchipdrm.mod.o LD [M] drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip//rockchipdrm.ko BTF [M] drivers/gpu/drm/rockchip//rockchipdrm.ko aarch64-linux-gnu-objcopy: invalid option -- 'J' Usage: aarch64-linux-gnu-objcopy [option(s)] in-file [out-file] Copies a binary file, possibly transforming it in the process ... make[1]: *** [scripts/Makefile.modpost:156: __modpost] Error 2 make: *** [Makefile:1866: modules] Error 2 this fails because OBJCOPY is set to "ccache aarch64-linux-gnu-copy" and later pahole is executed with the following command line: LLVM_OBJCOPY=$(OBJCOPY) $(PAHOLE) -J --btf_base vmlinux $@ which gets expanded to: LLVM_OBJCOPY=ccache aarch64-linux-gnu-objcopy pahole -J ... instead of: LLVM_OBJCOPY="ccache aarch64-linux-gnu-objcopy" pahole -J ... Fixes: 5f9ae91f7c0d ("kbuild: Build kernel module BTFs if BTF is enabled and pahole supports it") Signed-off-by: Javier Martinez Canillas <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Link:
2021-05-06kbuild: Don't remove link-vmlinux temporary files on exit/signalAndi Kleen
Keep them around until they are cleaned up by make clean. This uses a bit more disk space, but makes it easier to debug any problems with the kernel link process. Suggested-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2021-04-29Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.13' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - Evaluate $(call cc-option,...) etc. only for build targets - Add CONFIG_VMLINUX_MAP to generate .map file when linking vmlinux - Remove unnecessary --gcc-toolchains Clang flag because the --prefix flag finds the toolchains - Do not pass Clang's --prefix flag when using the integrated as - Check the assembler version in Kconfig time - Add new CONFIG options, AS_VERSION, AS_IS_GNU, AS_IS_LLVM to clean up some dependencies in Kconfig - Fix invalid Module.symvers creation when building only modules without vmlinux - Fix false-positive modpost warnings when CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS is set, but there is no module to build - Refactor module installation Makefile - Support zstd for module compression - Convert alpha and ia64 to use generic shell scripts to generate the syscall headers - Add a new elfnote to indicate if the kernel was built with LTO, which will be used by pahole - Flatten the directory structure under include/config/ so CONFIG options and filenames match - Change the deb source package name from linux-$(KERNELRELEASE) to linux-upstream * tag 'kbuild-v5.13' of git:// (42 commits) kbuild: Add $(KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS) to 'has_libelf' test kbuild: deb-pkg: change the source package name to linux-upstream tools: do not include scripts/Kbuild.include kbuild: redo fake deps at include/config/*.h kbuild: remove TMPO from try-run MAINTAINERS: add pattern for dummy-tools kbuild: add an elfnote for whether vmlinux is built with lto ia64: syscalls: switch to generic ia64: syscalls: switch to generic alpha: syscalls: switch to generic alpha: syscalls: switch to generic sysctl: use min() helper for namecmp() kbuild: add support for zstd compressed modules kbuild: remove CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS kbuild: merge scripts/Makefile.modsign to scripts/Makefile.modinst kbuild: move module strip/compression code into scripts/Makefile.modinst kbuild: refactor scripts/Makefile.modinst kbuild: rename extmod-prefix to extmod_prefix kbuild: check module name conflict for external modules as well kbuild: show the target directory for depmod log ...
2021-04-25kbuild: apply fixdep logic to link-vmlinux.shRasmus Villemoes
The patch adding CONFIG_VMLINUX_MAP revealed a small defect in the build system: takes decisions based on CONFIG_* options, but changing one of those does not always lead to vmlinux being linked again. For most of the CONFIG_* knobs referenced previously, this has probably been hidden by those knobs also affecting some object file, hence indirectly also vmlinux. But CONFIG_VMLINUX_MAP is only handled inside, and changing CONFIG_VMLINUX_MAP=n to CONFIG_VMLINUX_MAP=y does not cause the build system to re-link (and hence have emitted). Since that map file is mostly a debugging aid, this is merely a nuisance which is easily worked around by just deleting vmlinux and building again. But one could imagine other (possibly future) CONFIG options that actually do affect the vmlinux binary but which are not captured through some object file dependency. To fix this, make emit a .vmlinux.d file in the same format as the dependency files generated by gcc, and apply the fixdep logic to that. I've tested that this correctly works with both in-tree and out-of-tree builds. Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2021-04-25kbuild: add CONFIG_VMLINUX_MAP expert optionRasmus Villemoes
It can be quite useful to have ld emit a link map file, in order to debug or verify that special sections end up where they are supposed to, and to see what LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION manages to get rid of. The only reason I'm not just adding this unconditionally is that the .map file can be rather large (several MB), and that's a waste of space when one isn't interested in these things. Also make it depend on CONFIG_EXPERT. Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2021-04-13bpf: Generate BTF_KIND_FLOAT when linking vmlinuxIlya Leoshkevich
pahole v1.21 supports the --btf_gen_floats flag, which makes it generate the information about the floating-point types [1]. Adjust to pass this flag to pahole in case it's supported, which is determined using a simple version check. [1] Signed-off-by: Ilya Leoshkevich <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2021-02-23kbuild: lto: postpone objtoolSami Tolvanen
With LTO, LLVM bitcode won't be compiled into native code until modpost_link, or modfinal for modules. This change postpones calls to objtool until after these steps, and moves objtool_args to Makefile.lib, so the arguments can be reused in Makefile.modfinal. As we didn't have objects to process earlier, we use --duplicate when processing vmlinux.o. This change also disables unreachable instruction warnings with LTO to avoid warnings about the int3 padding between functions. Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <>
2021-02-23objtool: Split noinstr validation from --vmlinuxSami Tolvanen
This change adds a --noinstr flag to objtool to allow us to specify that we're processing vmlinux.o without also enabling noinstr validation. This is needed to avoid false positives with LTO when we run objtool on vmlinux.o without CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY. Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <>
2021-02-23objtool: Don't autodetect vmlinux.oSami Tolvanen
With LTO, we run objtool on vmlinux.o, but don't want noinstr validation. This change requires --vmlinux to be passed to objtool explicitly. Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <> Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <>
2021-01-14init: lto: ensure initcall orderingSami Tolvanen
With LTO, the compiler doesn't necessarily obey the link order for initcalls, and initcall variables need globally unique names to avoid collisions at link time. This change exports __KBUILD_MODNAME and adds the initcall_id() macro, which uses it together with __COUNTER__ and __LINE__ to help ensure these variables have unique names, and moves each variable to its own section when LTO is enabled, so the correct order can be specified using a linker script. The script uses nm to find initcalls from the object files passed to the linker, and generates a linker script that specifies the same order for initcalls that we would have without LTO. With LTO enabled, the script is called in through jobserver-exec to limit the number of jobs spawned. Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Link:
2021-01-14kbuild: lto: fix module versioningSami Tolvanen
With CONFIG_MODVERSIONS, version information is linked into each compilation unit that exports symbols. With LTO, we cannot use this method as all C code is compiled into LLVM bitcode instead. This change collects symbol versions into .symversions files and merges them in where they are all linked into vmlinux.o at the same time. Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Link:
2021-01-14kbuild: add support for Clang LTOSami Tolvanen
This change adds build system support for Clang's Link Time Optimization (LTO). With -flto, instead of ELF object files, Clang produces LLVM bitcode, which is compiled into native code at link time, allowing the final binary to be optimized globally. For more details, see: The Kconfig option CONFIG_LTO_CLANG is implemented as a choice, which defaults to LTO being disabled. To use LTO, the architecture must select ARCH_SUPPORTS_LTO_CLANG and support: - compiling with Clang, - compiling all assembly code with Clang's integrated assembler, - and linking with LLD. While using CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_FULL results in the best runtime performance, the compilation is not scalable in time or memory. CONFIG_LTO_CLANG_THIN enables ThinLTO, which allows parallel optimization and faster incremental builds. ThinLTO is used by default if the architecture also selects ARCH_SUPPORTS_LTO_CLANG_THIN: To enable LTO, LLVM tools must be used to handle bitcode files, by passing LLVM=1 and LLVM_IAS=1 options to make: $ make LLVM=1 LLVM_IAS=1 defconfig $ scripts/config -e LTO_CLANG_THIN $ make LLVM=1 LLVM_IAS=1 To prepare for LTO support with other compilers, common parts are gated behind the CONFIG_LTO option, and LTO can be disabled for specific files by filtering out CC_FLAGS_LTO. Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Link:
2020-10-22Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.10' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - Support 'make compile_commands.json' to generate the compilation database more easily, avoiding stale entries - Support 'make clang-analyzer' and 'make clang-tidy' for static checks using clang-tidy - Preprocess scripts/ to allow CONFIG options in the module linker script - Drop cc-option tests from compiler flags supported by our minimal GCC/Clang versions - Use always 12-digits commit hash for CONFIG_LOCALVERSION_AUTO=y - Use sha1 build id for both BFD linker and LLD - Improve deb-pkg for reproducible builds and rootless builds - Remove stale, useless scripts/ - Turn -Wreturn-type warning into error - Fix build error of deb-pkg when CONFIG_MODULES=n - Replace 'hostname' command with more portable 'uname -n' - Various Makefile cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.10' of git:// (34 commits) kbuild: Use uname for LINUX_COMPILE_HOST detection kbuild: Only add -fno-var-tracking-assignments for old GCC versions kbuild: remove leftover comment for filechk utility treewide: remove DISABLE_LTO kbuild: deb-pkg: clean up package name variables kbuild: deb-pkg: do not build linux-headers package if CONFIG_MODULES=n kbuild: enforce -Werror=return-type scripts: remove builddeb: Add support for all required debian/rules targets builddeb: Enable rootless builds builddeb: Pass -n to gzip for reproducible packages kbuild: split the build log of kallsyms kbuild: explicitly specify the build id style scripts/setlocalversion: make git describe output more reliable kbuild: remove cc-option test of -Werror=date-time kbuild: remove cc-option test of -fno-stack-check kbuild: remove cc-option test of -fno-strict-overflow kbuild: move CFLAGS_{KASAN,UBSAN,KCSAN} exports to relevant Makefiles kbuild: remove redundant CONFIG_KASAN check from scripts/Makefile.kasan kbuild: do not create built-in objects for external module builds ...
2020-10-09kbuild: split the build log of kallsymsMasahiro Yamada
Currently, the build log shows KSYM + object name. Precisely speaking, kallsyms generates a .S file and then the compiler compiles it into a .o file. Split the build log into two. [Before] GEN modules.builtin LD .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1 KSYM .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1.o LD .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms2 KSYM .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms2.o LD vmlinux [After] GEN modules.builtin LD .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1 KSYMS .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1.S AS .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1.o LD .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms2 KSYMS .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms2.S AS .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms2.o LD vmlinux Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2020-09-23bpf: Check CONFIG_BPF option for resolve_btfidsJiri Olsa
Currently all the resolve_btfids 'users' are under CONFIG_BPF code, so if we have CONFIG_BPF disabled, resolve_btfids will fail, because there's no data to resolve. Disabling resolve_btfids if there's CONFIG_BPF disabled, so we won't fail such builds. Suggested-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-08-09Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.9' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - run the checker (e.g. sparse) after the compiler - remove unneeded cc-option tests for old compiler flags - fix tar-pkg to install dtbs - introduce ccflags-remove-y and asflags-remove-y syntax - allow to trace functions in sub-directories of lib/ - introduce hostprogs-always-y and userprogs-always-y syntax - various Makefile cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.9' of git:// kbuild: stop filtering out $(GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS) from cc-option base kbuild: include scripts/Makefile.* only when relevant CONFIG is enabled kbuild: introduce hostprogs-always-y and userprogs-always-y kbuild: sort hostprogs before passing it to ifneq kbuild: move host .so build rules to scripts/gcc-plugins/Makefile kbuild: Replace HTTP links with HTTPS ones kbuild: trace functions in subdirectories of lib/ kbuild: introduce ccflags-remove-y and asflags-remove-y kbuild: do not export LDFLAGS_vmlinux kbuild: always create directories of targets powerpc/boot: add DTB to 'targets' kbuild: buildtar: add dtbs support kbuild: remove cc-option test of -ffreestanding kbuild: remove cc-option test of -fno-stack-protector Revert "kbuild: Create directory for target DTB" kbuild: run the checker after the compiler
2020-08-10kbuild: do not export LDFLAGS_vmlinuxMasahiro Yamada
When you clean the build tree for ARCH=arm, you may see the following error message from 'nm' command: $ make -j24 ARCH=arm clean CLEAN arch/arm/crypto CLEAN arch/arm/kernel CLEAN arch/arm/mach-at91 CLEAN arch/arm/mach-omap2 CLEAN arch/arm/vdso CLEAN certs CLEAN lib CLEAN usr CLEAN net/wireless CLEAN drivers/firmware/efi/libstub nm: 'arch/arm/boot/compressed/../../../../vmlinux': No such file /bin/sh: 1: arithmetic expression: expecting primary: " " CLEAN arch/arm/boot/compressed CLEAN drivers/scsi CLEAN drivers/tty/vt CLEAN arch/arm/boot CLEAN vmlinux.symvers modules.builtin modules.builtin.modinfo Even if you rerun the same command, the error message will not be shown despite vmlinux is already gone. To reproduce it, the parallel option -j is needed. Single thread cleaning always executes 'archclean', 'vmlinuxclean' in this order, so vmlinux still exists when arch/arm/boot/compressed/ is cleaned. Looking at arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile does not help understand the reason of the error message. Both KBSS_SZ and LDFLAGS_vmlinux are assigned with '=' operator, hence, they are not expanded unless used. Obviously, 'make clean' does not use them. In fact, the root cause exists in the top Makefile: export LDFLAGS_vmlinux Since LDFLAGS_vmlinux is an exported variable, LDFLAGS_vmlinux in arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile is expanded when scripts/Makefile.clean has a command to execute. This is why the error message shows up only when there exist build artifacts in arch/arm/boot/compressed/. Adding 'unexport LDFLAGS_vmlinux' to arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile will fix it as far as ARCH=arm is concerned, but I think the proper fix is to get rid of 'export LDFLAGS_vmlinux' from the top Makefile. LDFLAGS_vmlinux in the top Makefile contains linker flags for the top vmlinux. LDFLAGS_vmlinux in arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile is for arch/arm/boot/compressed/vmlinux. They just happen to have the same variable name, but are used for different purposes. Stop shadowing LDFLAGS_vmlinux. This commit passes LDFLAGS_vmlinux to scripts/ via a command line parameter instead of via an environment variable. LD and KBUILD_LDFLAGS are exported, but I did the same for consistency. Anyway, they must be included in cmd_link-vmlinux to allow if_changed to detect the changes in LD or KBUILD_LDFLAGS. The following Makefiles are not affected: arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile arch/h8300/boot/compressed/Makefile arch/nios2/boot/compressed/Makefile arch/parisc/boot/compressed/Makefile arch/s390/boot/compressed/Makefile arch/sh/boot/compressed/Makefile arch/sh/boot/romimage/Makefile arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile They use ':=' or '=' to clear the LDFLAGS_vmlinux inherited from the top Makefile. We need to take a closer look at the impact to unicore32 and xtensa. arch/unicore32/boot/compressed/Makefile only uses '+=' operator for LDFLAGS_vmlinux. So, the decompressor previously inherited the linker flags from the top Makefile. However, commit 70fac51feaf2 ("unicore32 additional architecture files: boot process") was merged before commit 1f2bfbd00e46 ("kbuild: link of vmlinux moved to a script"). So, I rather consider this is a bug fix of 1f2bfbd00e46. arch/xtensa/boot/boot-elf/Makefile is also affected, but this is also considered a fix for the same reason. It did not inherit LDFLAGS_vmlinux when commit 4bedea945451 ("[PATCH] xtensa: Architecture support for Tensilica Xtensa Part 2") was merged. I deleted $(LDFLAGS_vmlinux), which is now empty. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <> Tested-by: Nick Desaulniers <>
2020-07-13bpf: Resolve BTF IDs in vmlinux imageJiri Olsa
Using BTF_ID_LIST macro to define lists for several helpers using BTF arguments. And running resolve_btfids on vmlinux elf object during linking, so the .BTF_ids section gets the IDs resolved. Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Tested-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-06-13Merge git:// S. Miller
Alexei Starovoitov says: ==================== pull-request: bpf 2020-06-12 The following pull-request contains BPF updates for your *net* tree. We've added 26 non-merge commits during the last 10 day(s) which contain a total of 27 files changed, 348 insertions(+), 93 deletions(-). The main changes are: 1) sock_hash accounting fix, from Andrey. 2) libbpf fix and probe_mem sanitizing, from Andrii. 3) sock_hash fixes, from Jakub. 4) devmap_val fix, from Jesper. 5) load_bytes_relative fix, from YiFei. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2020-06-09scripts: Require pahole v1.16 when generating BTFLorenz Bauer
bpf_iter requires the kernel BTF to be generated with pahole >= 1.16, since otherwise the function definitions that the iterator attaches to are not included. This failure mode is indistiguishable from trying to attach to an iterator that really doesn't exist. Since it's really easy to miss this requirement, bump the pahole version check used at build time to at least 1.16. Fixes: 15d83c4d7cef ("bpf: Allow loading of a bpf_iter program") Suggested-by: Ivan Babrou <> Signed-off-by: Lorenz Bauer <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <> Link:
2020-06-06Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.8' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - fix warnings in 'make clean' for ARCH=um, hexagon, h8300, unicore32 - ensure to rebuild all objects when the compiler is upgraded - exclude system headers from dependency tracking and fixdep processing - fix potential bit-size mismatch between the kernel and BPF user-mode helper - add the new syntax 'userprogs' to build user-space programs for the target architecture (the same arch as the kernel) - compile user-space sample code under samples/ for the target arch instead of the host arch - make headers_install fail if a CONFIG option is leaked to user-space - sanitize the output format of scripts/ - handle ARM 'push' instruction in scripts/ - error out before modpost if a module name conflict is found - error out when multiple directories are passed to M= because this feature is broken for a long time - add CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_COMPRESSED to support compressed debug info - a lot of cleanups of modpost - dump vmlinux symbols out into vmlinux.symvers, and reuse it in the second pass of modpost - do not run the second pass of modpost if nothing in modules is updated - install modules.builtin(.modinfo) by 'make install' as well as by 'make modules_install' because it is useful even when CONFIG_MODULES=n - add new command line variables, GZIP, BZIP2, LZOP, LZMA, LZ4, and XZ to allow users to use alternatives such as pigz, pbzip2, etc. * tag 'kbuild-v5.8' of git:// (96 commits) kbuild: add variables for compression tools Makefile: install modules.builtin even if CONFIG_MODULES=n mksysmap: Fix the mismatch of '.L' symbols in kbuild: doc: rename LDFLAGS to KBUILD_LDFLAGS modpost: change elf_info->size to size_t modpost: remove is_vmlinux() helper modpost: strip .o from modname before calling new_module() modpost: set have_vmlinux in new_module() modpost: remove mod->skip struct member modpost: add mod->is_vmlinux struct member modpost: remove is_vmlinux() call in check_for_{gpl_usage,unused}() modpost: remove mod->is_dot_o struct member modpost: move -d option in scripts/Makefile.modpost modpost: remove -s option modpost: remove get_next_text() and make {grab,release_}file static modpost: use read_text_file() and get_line() for reading text files modpost: avoid false-positive file open error modpost: fix potential mmap'ed file overrun in get_src_version() modpost: add read_text_file() and get_line() helpers modpost: do not call get_modinfo() for vmlinux(.o) ...
2020-06-06modpost: generate vmlinux.symvers and reuse it for the second modpostMasahiro Yamada
The full build runs modpost twice, first for vmlinux.o and second for modules. The first pass dumps all the vmlinux symbols into Module.symvers, but the second pass parses vmlinux again instead of reusing the dump file, presumably because it needs to avoid accumulating stale symbols. Loading symbol info from a dump file is faster than parsing an ELF object. Besides, modpost deals with various issues to parse vmlinux in the second pass. A solution is to make the first pass dumps symbols into a separate file, vmlinux.symvers. The second pass reads it, and parses module .o files. The merged symbol information is dumped into Module.symvers in the same way as before. This makes further modpost cleanups possible. Also, it fixes the problem of 'make vmlinux', which previously overwrote Module.symvers, throwing away module symbols. I slightly touched scripts/ so that vmlinux is re-linked when you cross this commit. Otherwise, vmlinux.symvers would not be generated. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2020-04-22kbuild/objtool: Add objtool-vmlinux.o passPeter Zijlstra
Now that objtool is capable of processing vmlinux.o and actually has something useful to do there, (conditionally) add it to the final link pass. This will increase build time by a few seconds. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <> Reviewed-by: Miroslav Benes <> Reviewed-by: Alexandre Chartre <> Acked-by: Josh Poimboeuf <> Link: Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
2020-03-19bpf: Support llvm-objcopy for vmlinux BTFFangrui Song
Simplify gen_btf logic to make it work with llvm-objcopy. The existing 'file format' and 'architecture' parsing logic is brittle and does not work with llvm-objcopy/llvm-objdump. 'file format' output of llvm-objdump>=11 will match GNU objdump, but 'architecture' (bfdarch) may not. .BTF in .tmp_vmlinux.btf is non-SHF_ALLOC. Add the SHF_ALLOC flag because it is part of vmlinux image used for introspection. C code can reference the section via linker script defined __start_BTF and __stop_BTF. This fixes a small problem that previous .BTF had the SHF_WRITE flag (objcopy -I binary -O elf* synthesized .data). Additionally, `objcopy -I binary` synthesized symbols _binary__btf_vmlinux_bin_start and _binary__btf_vmlinux_bin_stop (not used elsewhere) are replaced with more commonplace __start_BTF and __stop_BTF. Add 2>/dev/null because GNU objcopy (but not llvm-objcopy) warns "empty loadable segment detected at vaddr=0xffffffff81000000, is this intentional?" We use a dd command to change the e_type field in the ELF header from ET_EXEC to ET_REL so that lld will accept .btf.vmlinux.bin.o. Accepting ET_EXEC as an input file is an extremely rare GNU ld feature that lld does not intend to support, because this is error-prone. The output section description .BTF in include/asm-generic/ avoids potential subtle orphan section placement issues and suppresses --orphan-handling=warn warnings. Fixes: df786c9b9476 ("bpf: Force .BTF section start to zero when dumping from vmlinux") Fixes: cb0cc635c7a9 ("powerpc: Include .BTF section") Reported-by: Nathan Chancellor <> Signed-off-by: Fangrui Song <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Tested-by: Stanislav Fomichev <> Tested-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Reviewed-by: Stanislav Fomichev <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <> (powerpc) Link: Link:
2020-03-04kbuild: Remove debug info from kallsyms linkingKees Cook
When CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO is enabled, the two kallsyms linking steps spend time collecting and writing the dwarf sections to the temporary output files. kallsyms does not need this information, and leaving it off halves their linking time. This is especially noticeable without CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED. The BTF linking stage, however, does still need those details. Refactor the BTF and kallsyms generation stages slightly for more regularized temporary names. Skip debug during kallsyms links. Additionally move "info BTF" to the correct place since commit 8959e39272d6 ("kbuild: Parameterize kallsyms generation and correct reporting"), which added "info LD ..." to vmlinux_link calls. For a full debug info build with BTF, my link time goes from 1m06s to 0m54s, saving about 12 seconds, or 18%. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-02-11kbuild: fix mismatch between .version and include/generated/compile.hMasahiro Yamada
Since commit 56d589361572 ("kbuild: do not create orphan built-in.a or obj-y objects"), scripts/ does nothing when descending into init/. Once the version number becomes out of sync between .version and include/generated/compile.h, it is not self-healing. [How to reproduce] $ echo 100 > .version $ make You will see the number in the .version is always bigger than that in compile.h by one. After this, every time you run 'make', the vmlinux is re-linked even when none of source files is updated. Fixes: 56d589361572 ("kbuild: do not create orphan built-in.a or obj-y objects") Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2020-02-01Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.6' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - detect missing include guard in UAPI headers - do not create orphan built-in.a or obj-y objects - generate modules.builtin more simply, and drop tristate.conf - simplify built-in initramfs creation - make linux-headers deb package thinner - optimize the deb package build script - misc cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.6' of git:// (34 commits) builddeb: split libc headers deployment out into a function builddeb: split kernel headers deployment out into a function builddeb: remove redundant make for ARCH=um builddeb: avoid invoking sub-shells where possible builddeb: remove redundant $objtree/ builddeb: match temporary directory name to the package name builddeb: remove unneeded files in hdrobjfiles for headers package kbuild: use -S instead of -E for precise cc-option test in Kconfig builddeb: allow selection of .deb compressor kbuild: remove 'Building modules, stage 2.' log kbuild: remove *.tmp file when filechk fails kbuild: remove PYTHON2 variable modpost: assume STT_SPARC_REGISTER is defined remove intermediate cpio_list on errors initramfs: refactor the initramfs build rules always output cpio even without -o option initramfs: add default_cpio_list, and delete -d option support initramfs: generate dependency list and cpio at the same time initramfs: specify $(src)/ as a prerequisite in Makefile initramfs: make initramfs compression choice non-optional ...
2020-01-28Merge git:// Torvalds
Pull networking updates from David Miller: 1) Add WireGuard 2) Add HE and TWT support to ath11k driver, from John Crispin. 3) Add ESP in TCP encapsulation support, from Sabrina Dubroca. 4) Add variable window congestion control to TIPC, from Jon Maloy. 5) Add BCM84881 PHY driver, from Russell King. 6) Start adding netlink support for ethtool operations, from Michal Kubecek. 7) Add XDP drop and TX action support to ena driver, from Sameeh Jubran. 8) Add new ipv4 route notifications so that mlxsw driver does not have to handle identical routes itself. From Ido Schimmel. 9) Add BPF dynamic program extensions, from Alexei Starovoitov. 10) Support RX and TX timestamping in igc, from Vinicius Costa Gomes. 11) Add support for macsec HW offloading, from Antoine Tenart. 12) Add initial support for MPTCP protocol, from Christoph Paasch, Matthieu Baerts, Florian Westphal, Peter Krystad, and many others. 13) Add Octeontx2 PF support, from Sunil Goutham, Geetha sowjanya, Linu Cherian, and others. * git:// (1469 commits) net: phy: add default ARCH_BCM_IPROC for MDIO_BCM_IPROC udp: segment looped gso packets correctly netem: change mailing list qed: FW debug features qed: rt init valid initialization changed qed: Debug feature: ilt and mdump qed: FW Add fw overlay feature qed: FW HSI changes qed: FW iscsi/fcoe changes qed: Add abstraction for different hsi values per chip qed: FW Additional ll2 type qed: Use dmae to write to widebus registers in fw_funcs qed: FW Parser offsets modified qed: FW Queue Manager changes qed: FW Expose new registers and change windows qed: FW Internal ram offsets modifications MAINTAINERS: Add entry for Marvell OcteonTX2 Physical Function driver Documentation: net: octeontx2: Add RVU HW and drivers overview octeontx2-pf: ethtool RSS config support octeontx2-pf: Add basic ethtool support ...
2020-01-22bpf, btf: Always output invariant hit in pahole DWARF to BTF transformChris Down
When trying to compile with CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF enabled, I got this error: % make -s Failed to generate BTF for vmlinux Try to disable CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF make[3]: *** [vmlinux] Error 1 Compiling again without -s shows the true error (that pahole is missing), but since this is fatal, we should show the error unconditionally on stderr as well, not silence it using the `info` function. With this patch: % make -s BTF: .tmp_vmlinux.btf: pahole (pahole) is not available Failed to generate BTF for vmlinux Try to disable CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF make[3]: *** [vmlinux] Error 1 Signed-off-by: Chris Down <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-01-07kbuild: create modules.builtin without Makefile.modbuiltin or tristate.confMasahiro Yamada
Commit bc081dd6e9f6 ("kbuild: generate modules.builtin") added infrastructure to generate modules.builtin, the list of all builtin modules. Basically, it works like this: - Kconfig generates include/config/tristate.conf, the list of tristate CONFIG options with a value in a capital letter. - scripts/Makefile.modbuiltin makes Kbuild descend into directories to collect the information of builtin modules. I am not a big fan of it because Kbuild ends up with traversing the source tree twice. I am not sure how perfectly it should work, but this approach cannot avoid false positives; even if the relevant CONFIG option is tristate, some Makefiles forces obj-m to obj-y. Some examples are: arch/powerpc/platforms/powermac/Makefile: obj-$(CONFIG_NVRAM:m=y) += nvram.o net/ipv6/Makefile: obj-$(subst m,y,$(CONFIG_IPV6)) += inet6_hashtables.o net/netlabel/Makefile: obj-$(subst m,y,$(CONFIG_IPV6)) += netlabel_calipso.o Nobody has complained about (or noticed) it, so it is probably fine to have false positives in modules.builtin. This commit simplifies the implementation. Let's exploit the fact that every module has MODULE_LICENSE(). (modpost shows a warning if MODULE_LICENSE is missing. If so, 0-day bot would already have blocked such a module.) I added MODULE_FILE to <linux/module.h>. When the code is being compiled as builtin, it will be filled with the file path of the module, and collected into Then, scripts/ extracts the list of builtin modules out of it. This new approach fixes the false-positives above, but adds another type of false-positives; non-modular code may have MODULE_LICENSE() by mistake. This is not a big deal, it is just the code is always orphan. We can clean it up if we like. You can see cleanup examples by: $ git log --grep='make.* explicitly non-modular' To sum up, this commits deletes lots of code, but still produces almost equivalent results. Please note it does not increase the vmlinux size at all. As you can see in include/asm-generic/, the .modinfo section is discarded in the link stage. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2019-12-13x86/unwind/orc: Remove boot-time ORC unwind tables sortingShile Zhang
Now that the orc_unwind and orc_unwind_ip tables are sorted at build time, remove the boot time sorting pass. No change in functionality. [ mingo: Rewrote the changelog and code comments. ] Signed-off-by: Shile Zhang <> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Link: Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
2019-12-13scripts/sorttable: Rename 'sortextable' to 'sorttable'Shile Zhang
Use a more generic name for additional table sorting usecases, such as the upcoming ORC table sorting feature. This tool is not tied to exception table sorting anymore. No functional changes intended. [ mingo: Rewrote the changelog. ] Signed-off-by: Shile Zhang <> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <> Cc: Michal Marek <> Cc: Link: Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
2019-11-29bpf: Force .BTF section start to zero when dumping from vmlinuxStanislav Fomichev
While trying to figure out why fentry_fexit selftest doesn't pass for me (old pahole, broken BTF), I found out that my latest patch can break vmlinux .BTF generation. objcopy preserves section start when doing --only-section, so there is a chance (depending on where pahole inserts .BTF section) to have leading empty zeroes. Let's explicitly force section offset to zero. Before: $ objcopy --set-section-flags .BTF=alloc -O binary \ --only-section=.BTF vmlinux .btf.vmlinux.bin $ xxd .btf.vmlinux.bin | head -n1 00000000: 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 ................ After: $ objcopy --change-section-address .BTF=0 \ --set-section-flags .BTF=alloc -O binary \ --only-section=.BTF vmlinux .btf.vmlinux.bin $ xxd .btf.vmlinux.bin | head -n1 00000000: 9feb 0100 1800 0000 0000 0000 80e1 1c00 ................ ^BTF magic As part of this change, I'm also dropping '2>/dev/null' from objcopy invocation to be able to catch possible other issues (objcopy doesn't produce any warnings for me anymore, it did before with --dump-section). Fixes: da5fb18225b4 ("bpf: Support pre-2.25-binutils objcopy for vmlinux BTF") Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: John Fastabend <> Cc: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2019-11-27bpf: Support pre-2.25-binutils objcopy for vmlinux BTFStanislav Fomichev
If vmlinux BTF generation fails, but CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF is set, .BTF section of vmlinux is empty and kernel will prohibit BPF loading and return "in-kernel BTF is malformed". --dump-section argument to binutils' objcopy was added in version 2.25. When using pre-2.25 binutils, BTF generation silently fails. Convert to --only-section which is present on pre-2.25 binutils. Documentation/process/changes.rst states that binutils 2.21+ is supported, not sure those standards apply to BPF subsystem. v2: * exit and print an error if gen_btf fails (John Fastabend) v3: * resend with Andrii's Acked-by/Tested-by tags Fixes: 341dfcf8d78ea ("btf: expose BTF info through sysfs") Signed-off-by: Stanislav Fomichev <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Tested-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Cc: John Fastabend <> Link:
2019-09-20Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.4' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - add modpost warn exported symbols marked as 'static' because 'static' and EXPORT_SYMBOL is an odd combination - break the build early if gold linker is used - optimize the Bison rule to produce .c and .h files by a single pattern rule - handle PREEMPT_RT in the module vermagic and UTS_VERSION - warn CONFIG options leaked to the user-space except existing ones - make single targets work properly - rebuild modules when module linker scripts are updated - split the module final link stage into scripts/Makefile.modfinal - fix the missed error code in - improve the error message displayed on the attempt of the O= build in unclean source tree - remove 'clean-dirs' syntax - disable -Wimplicit-fallthrough warning for Clang - add CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE_O3 for ARC - remove ARCH_{CPP,A,C}FLAGS variables - add $(BASH) to run bash scripts - change *CFLAGS_<basetarget>.o to take the relative path to $(obj) instead of the basename - stop suppressing Clang's -Wunused-function warnings when W=1 - fix linux/export.h to avoid genksyms calculating CRC of trimmed exported symbols - misc cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.4' of git:// (63 commits) genksyms: convert to SPDX License Identifier for lex.l and parse.y modpost: use __section in the output to *.mod.c modpost: use MODULE_INFO() for __module_depends export.h, genksyms: do not make genksyms calculate CRC of trimmed symbols export.h: remove defined(__KERNEL__), which is no longer needed kbuild: allow Clang to find unused static inline functions for W=1 build kbuild: rename KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS to KBUILD_EXTRA_WARN kbuild: refactor scripts/Makefile.extrawarn ignore unwanted grep errors kbuild: change *FLAGS_<basetarget>.o to take the path relative to $(obj) modpost: add NOFAIL to strndup modpost: add guid_t type definition kbuild: add $(BASH) to run scripts with bash-extension kbuild: remove ARCH_{CPP,A,C}FLAGS kbuild,arc: add CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3 for ARC kbuild: Do not enable -Wimplicit-fallthrough for clang for now kbuild: clean up subdir-ymn calculation in Makefile.clean kbuild: remove unneeded '+' marker from cmd_clean kbuild: remove clean-dirs syntax kbuild: check clean srctree even earlier ...
2019-09-06kbuild: replace BASH-specific ${@:2} with shift and ${@}Andrii Nakryiko
${@:2} is BASH-specific extension, which makes rely on BASH. Use shift and ${@} instead to fix this issue. Reported-by: Stephen Rothwell <> Fixes: 341dfcf8d78e ("btf: expose BTF info through sysfs") Cc: Stephen Rothwell <> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <> Reviewed-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <>
2019-08-21btf: do not use CONFIG_OUTPUT_FORMATIlya Leoshkevich
Building s390 kernel with CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF fails, because CONFIG_OUTPUT_FORMAT is not defined. As a matter of fact, this variable appears to be x86-only, so other arches might be affected as well. Fix by obtaining this value from objdump output, just like it's already done for bin_arch. The exact objdump invocation is "inspired" by arch/powerpc/boot/wrapper. Also, use LANG=C for the existing bin_arch objdump invocation to avoid potential build issues on systems with non-English locale. Fixes: 341dfcf8d78e ("btf: expose BTF info through sysfs") Signed-off-by: Ilya Leoshkevich <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
2019-08-21kbuild: Parameterize kallsyms generation and correct reportingKees Cook
When kallsyms generation happens, temporary vmlinux outputs are linked but the quiet make output didn't report it, giving the impression that the prior command is taking longer than expected. Instead, report the linking step explicitly. While at it, this consolidates the repeated "kallsyms generation step" into a single function and removes the existing copy/pasting. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2019-08-13Merge git:// Kicinski
Daniel Borkmann says: ==================== The following pull-request contains BPF updates for your *net-next* tree. There is a small merge conflict in libbpf (Cc Andrii so he's in the loop as well): for (i = 1; i <= btf__get_nr_types(btf); i++) { t = (struct btf_type *)btf__type_by_id(btf, i); if (!has_datasec && btf_is_var(t)) { /* replace VAR with INT */ t->info = BTF_INFO_ENC(BTF_KIND_INT, 0, 0); <<<<<<< HEAD /* * using size = 1 is the safest choice, 4 will be too * big and cause kernel BTF validation failure if * original variable took less than 4 bytes */ t->size = 1; *(int *)(t+1) = BTF_INT_ENC(0, 0, 8); } else if (!has_datasec && kind == BTF_KIND_DATASEC) { ======= t->size = sizeof(int); *(int *)(t + 1) = BTF_INT_ENC(0, 0, 32); } else if (!has_datasec && btf_is_datasec(t)) { >>>>>>> 72ef80b5ee131e96172f19e74b4f98fa3404efe8 /* replace DATASEC with STRUCT */ Conflict is between the two commits 1d4126c4e119 ("libbpf: sanitize VAR to conservative 1-byte INT") and b03bc6853c0e ("libbpf: convert libbpf code to use new btf helpers"), so we need to pick the sanitation fixup as well as use the new btf_is_datasec() helper and the whitespace cleanup. Looks like the following: [...] if (!has_datasec && btf_is_var(t)) { /* replace VAR with INT */ t->info = BTF_INFO_ENC(BTF_KIND_INT, 0, 0); /* * using size = 1 is the safest choice, 4 will be too * big and cause kernel BTF validation failure if * original variable took less than 4 bytes */ t->size = 1; *(int *)(t + 1) = BTF_INT_ENC(0, 0, 8); } else if (!has_datasec && btf_is_datasec(t)) { /* replace DATASEC with STRUCT */ [...] The main changes are: 1) Addition of core parts of compile once - run everywhere (co-re) effort, that is, relocation of fields offsets in libbpf as well as exposure of kernel's own BTF via sysfs and loading through libbpf, from Andrii. More info on co-re: and 2) Enable passing input flags to the BPF flow dissector to customize parsing and allowing it to stop early similar to the C based one, from Stanislav. 3) Add a BPF helper function that allows generating SYN cookies from XDP and tc BPF, from Petar. 4) Add devmap hash-based map type for more flexibility in device lookup for redirects, from Toke. 5) Improvements to XDP forwarding sample code now utilizing recently enabled devmap lookups, from Jesper. 6) Add support for reporting the effective cgroup progs in bpftool, from Jakub and Takshak. 7) Fix reading kernel config from bpftool via /proc/config.gz, from Peter. 8) Fix AF_XDP umem pages mapping for 32 bit architectures, from Ivan. 9) Follow-up to add two more BPF loop tests for the selftest suite, from Alexei. 10) Add perf event output helper also for other skb-based program types, from Allan. 11) Fix a co-re related compilation error in selftests, from Yonghong. ==================== Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <>
2019-08-13btf: rename /sys/kernel/btf/kernel into /sys/kernel/btf/vmlinuxAndrii Nakryiko
Expose kernel's BTF under the name vmlinux to be more uniform with using kernel module names as file names in the future. Fixes: 341dfcf8d78e ("btf: expose BTF info through sysfs") Suggested-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
2019-08-13btf: expose BTF info through sysfsAndrii Nakryiko
Make .BTF section allocated and expose its contents through sysfs. /sys/kernel/btf directory is created to contain all the BTFs present inside kernel. Currently there is only kernel's main BTF, represented as /sys/kernel/btf/kernel file. Once kernel modules' BTFs are supported, each module will expose its BTF as /sys/kernel/btf/<module-name> file. Current approach relies on a few pieces coming together: 1. pahole is used to take almost final vmlinux image (modulo .BTF and kallsyms) and generate .BTF section by converting DWARF info into BTF. This section is not allocated and not mapped to any segment, though, so is not yet accessible from inside kernel at runtime. 2. objcopy dumps .BTF contents into binary file and subsequently convert binary file into linkable object file with automatically generated symbols _binary__btf_kernel_bin_start and _binary__btf_kernel_bin_end, pointing to start and end, respectively, of BTF raw data. 3. final vmlinux image is generated by linking this object file (and kallsyms, if necessary). sysfs_btf.c then creates /sys/kernel/btf/kernel file and exposes embedded BTF contents through it. This allows, e.g., libbpf and bpftool access BTF info at well-known location, without resorting to searching for vmlinux image on disk (location of which is not standardized and vmlinux image might not be even available in some scenarios, e.g., inside qemu during testing). Alternative approach using .incbin assembler directive to embed BTF contents directly was attempted but didn't work, because sysfs_proc.o is not re-compiled during stage. This is required, though, to update embedded BTF data (initially empty data is embedded, then pahole generates BTF info and we need to regenerate sysfs_btf.o with updated contents, but it's too late at that point). If BTF couldn't be generated due to missing or too old pahole, sysfs_btf.c handles that gracefully by detecting that _binary__btf_kernel_bin_start (weak symbol) is 0 and not creating /sys/kernel/btf at all. v2->v3: - added Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-btf (Greg K-H); - created proper kobject (btf_kobj) for btf directory (Greg K-H); - undo v2 change of reusing vmlinux, as it causes extra kallsyms pass due to initially missing __binary__btf_kernel_bin_{start/end} symbols; v1->v2: - allow kallsyms stage to re-use vmlinux generated by gen_btf(); Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
2019-08-01kbuild: modpost: do not parse unnecessary rules for vmlinux modpostMasahiro Yamada
Since commit ff9b45c55b26 ("kbuild: modpost: read modules.order instead of $(MODVERDIR)/*.mod"), 'make vmlinux' emits a warning, like this: $ make defconfig vmlinux [ snip ] LD vmlinux.o cat: modules.order: No such file or directory MODPOST vmlinux.o MODINFO modules.builtin.modinfo KSYM .tmp_kallsyms1.o KSYM .tmp_kallsyms2.o LD vmlinux SORTEX vmlinux SYSMAP When building only vmlinux, KBUILD_MODULES is not set. Hence, the modules.order is not generated. For the vmlinux modpost, it is not necessary at all. Separate scripts/Makefile.modpost for the vmlinux/modules stages. This works more efficiently because the vmlinux modpost does not need to include .*.cmd files. Fixes: ff9b45c55b26 ("kbuild: modpost: read modules.order instead of $(MODVERDIR)/*.mod") Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2019-05-08Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.2' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - allow users to invoke 'make' out of the source tree - refactor scripts/mkmakefile - deprecate KBUILD_SRC, which was used to track the source tree location for O= build. - fix in case objdump output is localized - turn unresolved symbols in external modules to errors from warnings by default; pass KBUILD_MODPOST_WARN=1 to get them back to warnings - generate modules.builtin.modinfo to collect .modinfo data from built-in modules - misc Makefile cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.2' of git:// (21 commits) .gitignore: add more all*.config patterns moduleparam: Save information about built-in modules in separate file Remove MODULE_ALIAS() calls that take undefined macro .gitignore: add leading and trailing slashes to generated directories scripts/ fix direct execution of scripts/ scripts: override locale from environment when running samples: kobject: allow CONFIG_SAMPLE_KOBJECT to become y samples: seccomp: turn CONFIG_SAMPLE_SECCOMP into a bool option kbuild: move Documentation to vmlinux-alldirs kbuild: move samples/ to KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS modpost: make KBUILD_MODPOST_WARN also configurable for external modules kbuild: check arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated before out-of-tree build kbuild: remove unneeded dependency for include/config/kernel.release memory: squash drivers/memory/Makefile.asm-offsets kbuild: use $(srctree) instead of KBUILD_SRC to check out-of-tree build kbuild: mkmakefile: generate a simple wrapper of top Makefile kbuild: mkmakefile: do not check the generated Makefile marker kbuild: allow Kbuild to start from any directory kbuild: pass $(MAKECMDGOALS) to sub-make as is kbuild: fix warning "overriding recipe for target 'Makefile'" ...
2019-05-07moduleparam: Save information about built-in modules in separate fileAlexey Gladkov
Problem: When a kernel module is compiled as a separate module, some important information about the kernel module is available via .modinfo section of the module. In contrast, when the kernel module is compiled into the kernel, that information is not available. Information about built-in modules is necessary in the following cases: 1. When it is necessary to find out what additional parameters can be passed to the kernel at boot time. 2. When you need to know which module names and their aliases are in the kernel. This is very useful for creating an initrd image. Proposal: The proposed patch does not remove .modinfo section with module information from the vmlinux at the build time and saves it into a separate file after kernel linking. So, the kernel does not increase in size and no additional information remains in it. Information is stored in the same format as in the separate modules (null-terminated string array). Because the .modinfo section is already exported with a separate modules, we are not creating a new API. It can be easily read in the userspace: $ tr '\0' '\n' < modules.builtin.modinfo ext4.softdep=pre: crc32c ext4.license=GPL ext4.description=Fourth Extended Filesystem Card, Stephen Tweedie, Andrew Morton, Andreas Dilger, Theodore Ts'o and others ext4.alias=fs-ext4 ext4.alias=ext3 ext4.alias=fs-ext3 ext4.alias=ext2 ext4.alias=fs-ext2 md_mod.alias=block-major-9-* md_mod.alias=md md_mod.description=MD RAID framework md_mod.license=GPL md_mod.parmtype=create_on_open:bool md_mod.parmtype=start_dirty_degraded:int ... Co-Developed-by: Gleb Fotengauer-Malinovskiy <> Signed-off-by: Gleb Fotengauer-Malinovskiy <> Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <> Acked-by: Jessica Yu <> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2019-05-06kbuild: tolerate missing pahole when generating BTFAndrii Nakryiko
When BTF generation is enabled through CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF, scripts/ detects if pahole version is too old and gracefully continues build process, skipping BTF generation build step. But if pahole is not available, build will still fail. This patch adds check for whether pahole exists at all and bails out gracefully, if not. Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <> Reported-by: Yonghong Song <> Fixes: e83b9f55448a ("kbuild: add ability to generate BTF type info for vmlinux") Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
2019-04-16kbuild: handle old pahole more gracefully when generating BTFAndrii Nakryiko
When CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF is enabled but available version of pahole is too old to support BTF generation, build script is supposed to emit warning and proceed with the build. Due to using exit instead of return from BASH function, existing handling code prematurely exits exit code 0, not completing some of the build steps. This patch fixes issue by correctly returning just from gen_btf() function only. Fixes: e83b9f55448a ("kbuild: add ability to generate BTF type info for vmlinux") Cc: Masahiro Yamada <> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <> Cc: Yonghong Song <> Cc: Martin KaFai Lau <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: Song Liu <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
2019-04-03kbuild: add ability to generate BTF type info for vmlinuxAndrii Nakryiko
This patch adds new config option to trigger generation of BTF type information from DWARF debuginfo for vmlinux and kernel modules through pahole, which in turn relies on libbpf for btf_dedup() algorithm. The intent is to record compact type information of all types used inside kernel, including all the structs/unions/typedefs/etc. This enables BPF's compile-once-run-everywhere ([0]) approach, in which tracing programs that are inspecting kernel's internal data (e.g., struct task_struct) can be compiled on a system running some kernel version, but would be possible to run on other kernel versions (and configurations) without recompilation, even if the layout of structs changed and/or some of the fields were added, removed, or renamed. This is only possible if BPF loader can get kernel type info to adjust all the offsets correctly. This patch is a first time in this direction, making sure that BTF type info is part of Linux kernel image in non-loadable ELF section. BTF deduplication ([1]) algorithm typically provides 100x savings compared to DWARF data, so resulting .BTF section is not big as is typically about 2MB in size. [0] [1] Cc: Masahiro Yamada <> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <> Cc: Yonghong Song <> Cc: Martin KaFai Lau <> Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Acked-by: David S. Miller <> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
2019-03-14kbuild: source include/config/auto.conf instead of ${KCONFIG_CONFIG}Masahiro Yamada
As commit 423a8155facf ("kbuild: Fix reading of .config in") addressed, some shells fail to perform '.' if ${KCONFIG_CONFIG} does not contain a slash at all. Instead, we can source include/config/auto.conf, which obviously contain slashes, and we do not expect its file path overridden by a user. Perhaps, the performance might be slightly better since unset CONFIG options are stripped from include/config/auto.conf. scripts/setlocalversion already works this way. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2019-01-28kbuild: merge KBUILD_VMLINUX_{INIT,MAIN} into KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJSMasahiro Yamada
The top Makefile does not need to export KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT and KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN separately. Put every built-in.a into KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS. The order of $(head-y), $(init-y), $(core-y), ... is still retained. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2019-01-28kbuild: remove top-level built-in.aMasahiro Yamada
The symbol table in the final archive is unneeded; the linker does not require the symbol table after the --whole-archive option. Every object file in the archive is included in the link anyway. Pass thin archives from subdirectories directly to the linker, and remove the final archiving step. Fix up the document and comments as well. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Nicholas Piggin <>